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EPR and Bell Theorem

M. Suhail Zubairy

in Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The first round of the Einstein–Bohr debates took place when Einstein challenged Bohr’s principle of complementarity at the Solvay conference in 1927 and Bohr successfully defended it. The most ... More


The 1960s: The Decade of Greatest Success

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During the 1960s, Bell produced his seminal work on the foundations of quantum theory, first showing that, contrary to von Neumann’s argument, hidden variable theories were allowed but then that they ... More


Bell’s Theorem and the Mermin Machine

William J. Mullin

in Quantum Weirdness

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198795131
eISBN:
9780191836480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795131.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 7 discusses the Bell theorem and its demonstration using Mermin’s machine. The Bell theorem proves that a theory based on local realism (one with hidden variables) must satisfy certain ... More


First Encounter with Bell Nonlocality

Valerio Scarani

in Bell Nonlocality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198788416
eISBN:
9780191830327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788416.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter is a self-contained introduction to Bell nonlocality. After a very quick historical motivation, the setting and the definition of nonlocality are given. Five classic examples of Bell ... More


Formalizing Bell Nonlocality

Valerio Scarani

in Bell Nonlocality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198788416
eISBN:
9780191830327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788416.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter covers the essential mathematical tools for the study of nonlocality. It begins with the main object under study: a collection of several probability distributions usually called ... More


Bell Nonlocality in Quantum Theory

Valerio Scarani

in Bell Nonlocality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198788416
eISBN:
9780191830327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788416.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

All the examples of nonlocality that we know are accurately described within quantum theory. This chapter presents the study of CHSH and some systematic results. In particular, we learn that ... More


Device-Independent Self-Testing

Valerio Scarani

in Bell Nonlocality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198788416
eISBN:
9780191830327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788416.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter is devoted to deviice-independent self-testing. This refers to the fact that some extremal behaviors in the quantum set can actually be realised only with specific measurements on a ... More


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