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Mare Maggiore, 500–1500

Charles King

in The Black Sea: A History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241613
eISBN:
9780191601439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241619.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Byzantine empire, with its capital in Constantinople, was a quintessentially Black Sea power, yet profiting from the empire's own geography proved difficult. Relations with northern barbarians ... More


Byzantines and Crusaders in Non-Greek Sources, 1025-1204

Mary Whitby (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263785
eISBN:
9780191734304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263785.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

These chapters survey the range of historical sources from the peoples who collided with the Byzantine Empire during this period of dramatic upheaval. The Empire that had been expanded and ... More


The Byzantine Empire: From Attila to the 4th Crusade

Edward N. Luttwak

in The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608638
eISBN:
9780191731754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608638.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Byzantine Empire—the de facto continuation of the Roman Empire—lasted more than twice as long as its Western counterpart, which dissolved in the fifth century. Its endurance—approximately 800 ... More


The Collapse of the Byzantine Empire in the Twelfth Century: A Study of a Medieval Economy

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the collapse of the Byzantine Empire in the twelfth century. Between the tenth and twelfth centuries, the Byzantine state machinery was extremely sophisticated. It directed a ... More


A Christian Millennium: Greece in Byzantium—How the Empire Worked at its Edge

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter focuses on the period when Greece was essentially a minor province of the Christian Roman empire of Byzantium. During “The Dark Ages,” there was a very slow and uncertain shift from a ... More


Expectations and Dissensions: The First Crusade and Byzantium (1096–1098)

Ralph-Johannes Lilie

in Byzantium and the Crusader States 1096–1204

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204077
eISBN:
9780191676116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204077.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In November 1095 Pope Urban II, at the Council of Clermont, called the chivalry of the Western world to the rescue of the Christian East oppressed by the enemies of the Cross. The response to this ... More


Realities of Provincial Government: Hellas and Peloponnesos, 1180–1205

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines how Byzantine administration worked on the ground in the provinces of Hellas and Peloponnesos during the period 1180–1204. The Byzantine Empire was governed through a complex ... More


The Transition to Late Antiquity

A. G. POULTER

in The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264027
eISBN:
9780191734908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

In recent years, there has been a revival of interest in Late Antiquity and especially in observing — and trying to account for — the changes and evolutions which separate the Roman world from the ... More


From Bread and Circuses to Soup and Salvation: The Origins of Byzantine Charity

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines how charity came into existence under the Byzantine Empire. It discusses three stages in the development of Byzantine charity: the first, from Apostolic times to the ending of ... More


Educated Wandering Jews, 800–1250

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter shows that once the Jews became literate, urban, and engaged in skilled occupations, they began migrating within the vast territory under Muslim rule—stretching from the Iberian ... More


From Rome to New Rome, from Empire to Nation-State: Reopening the Question of Byzantium’s Roman Identity

Anthony Kaldellis

in Two Romes: Rome and Constantinople in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199739400
eISBN:
9780199933006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739400.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The book’s epilogue is a wide-ranging and revisionist essay on the nature of the Byzantine Empire in the middle period (ca. 700–1200) and the place of Constantinople within it. Scholarly orthodoxy, ... More


Public and Private Forms of Religious Commitment among Byzantine Women

Judith Herrin

in Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153216
eISBN:
9781400845217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153216.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the development of the different forms of religious commitment expressed by women who lived in the Byzantine Empire between the sixth and eleventh centuries AD—a development ... More


Ideals of Charity, Realities of Welfare: The Philanthropic Activity of the Byzantine Church

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the ideals of charity and the realities of welfare under the Byzantine Empire by focusing on the philanthropic activity of the Byzantine church. While ecclesiastical ... More


Byzantine Weakness and the Relapse into the Policy of Confrontation: From Alexius II Comnenus to Alexius V Murtzuphlus (1180–1204)

Ralph-Johannes Lilie

in Byzantium and the Crusader States 1096–1204

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204077
eISBN:
9780191676116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204077.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The death of Manuel I Comnenus was an almost unbelievably heavy blow for the Byzantine Empire. True, the last years of his reign had brought bitter defeats to Byzantium, but neither the defeat at ... More


The History of Government from the Earliest Times: Volume II: The Intermediate Ages

S. E. Finer

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207900
eISBN:
9780191677854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207900.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

No one has hitherto had the breadth of imagination and intellectual boldness to describe and analyse government throughout recorded history and throughout the world. Ranging over 5,000 years, from ... More


The Lost World of Byzantium

Jonathan Harris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300178579
eISBN:
9780300216097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178579.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

For more than a millennium, the Byzantine Empire presided over the juncture between East and West, as well as the transition from the classical to the modern world. This book eschews the usual ... More


The Historical Context of Iconoclast Reform

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the historical context of iconoclast reform under the Byzantine Empire. In the early eighth century, the Byzantine Empire teetered on the edge of total collapse. From 695 to 717 ... More


The Many Empresses of the Byzantine Court (and All Their Attendants)

Judith Herrin

in Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153216
eISBN:
9781400845217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153216.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter considers moments when the Byzantine court appeared to contain many empresses. In the political ideology of the Byzantine Empire, there was place for only one ruler, the emperor “crowned ... More


Byzantine Kythera

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter offers a historical background on the island of Kythera during the Byzantine period. During the early Christian and Byzantine era, Kythera maintained the same close connection to the ... More


The Deluge

Jonathan Harris

in The Lost World of Byzantium

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300178579
eISBN:
9780300216097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178579.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on attacks on Byzantium's territories. The first crack appeared in the empire's expanded borders three years after the death of Justinian in 565. As pressure from the Avars ... More


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