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The FBI’s Aggressive Filing and Long Study of African American Writers Was Tightly Bound to the Agency’s Successful Evolution under Hoover

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Retracing some of the main lines of FBI history, this part demonstrates how Bureau counterliterature was stamped by four distinct phases of the institution's developing Hoover era, altogether long ... More


The Birth of the Bureau, Coupled with the Birth of J. Edgar Hoover, Ensured the FBI’s Attention to African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part aims to add depth and detail to less-familiar portraits of Hoover as a young militant, and to establish the character of the also young law enforcement agency he joined in the wake of World ... More


The FBI Is Perhaps the Most Dedicated and Influential Forgotten Critic of African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part illuminates the interpretive assumptions of Bureau ghostreading against the backdrop of the best-documented entanglement of American criticism with American espionage: namely, the firsthand ... More


The FBI Helped to Define the Twentieth-Century Black Atlantic, Both Blocking and Forcing Its Flows

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part marshals the largely uncompiled evidence of FBI author files to suggest that the worst suspicions about the stakeout of Paris noir were basically correct—that Wright was not too wrong, it ... More


F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Few institutions seem more opposed than African American literature and J. Edgar Hoover's Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). But behind the scenes, the FBI's hostility to black protest was ... More


The Accountability Regime for Contractors during the Global War on Terrorism

Damien Van Puyvelde

in Outsourcing US Intelligence: Contractors and Government Accountability

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474450225
eISBN:
9781474465267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474450225.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The post-9/11 trend toward intelligence outsourcing was accompanied by the emergence of a series of accountability problems. This chapter evaluates the accountability regime for contractors in the ... More


Epilogue

in New York Undercover: Private Surveillance in the Progressive Era

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226266091
eISBN:
9780226266114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226266114.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In New York City, the excesses of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries led to a decline in public confidence in private detective agencies and municipal police departments. Social ... More


American Religion and the Rise of Internal Security: A Prologue

Kathryn Gin Lum and Lerone A. Martin

in FBI and Religion: Faith and National Security before and after 9/11

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520287273
eISBN:
9780520962422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520287273.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In this chapter, Kathryn Gin Lum and Lerone Martin sketch the decades leading up to the formation of the Bureau of Investigation in 1908—later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation. This ... More


Family and the Black Freedom Movement in the Early Cold War Years

Sara Rzeszutek Haviland

in James and Esther Cooper Jackson: Love and Courage in the Black Freedom Movement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166254
eISBN:
9780813166735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166254.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

After his indictment, Jack disappeared into the Communist Party underground. Esther and her two daughters faced daily harassment and surveillance by the FBI, and her participation in the black ... More


Secrecy and Surveillance Anticommunism and the Bureau of Investigation

Jennifer Luff

in Commonsense Anticommunism: Labor and Civil Liberties between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835418
eISBN:
9781469601717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869895_luff.9
Subject:
History, Economic History

Despite Samuel Gompers' protests, William J. Burns was appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation (BI), marking the American Federation of Labor's (AFL) demotion in late July 1921. During ... More


A Movie Problem

John Sbardellati

in J. Edgar Hoover Goes to the Movies: The FBI and the Origins of Hollywood's Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450082
eISBN:
9780801464218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450082.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the “movie problem” during the 1920s and 1930s, when political battles for control of the screen focused first on issues of labor and class, and then, as fascism threatened ... More


On the Road to War: The Control of World Policing

Mathieu Deflem

in Policing World Society: Historical Foundations of International Police Cooperation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199274710
eISBN:
9780191699788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274710.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the development of the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in the years leading up to, during, and shortly after World War II. It provides an account of the ... More


Surveillance Scandals and the Downfall of the Bureau of Investigation

Jennifer Luff

in Commonsense Anticommunism: Labor and Civil Liberties between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835418
eISBN:
9781469601717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869895_luff.10
Subject:
History, Economic History

During the Harding administration, the leaders of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) were behind the scenes, working closely with the Bureau of Investigation (BI). However, a series of articles ... More


The enemy within

Tony Shaw

in Hollywood's Cold War

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625239
eISBN:
9780748670918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625239.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter demonstrates that America in the 1940s and 1950s was marked by idealism and creativity as much as fear and risk, motives that mingled in an unprecedented expansion of governmental ... More


Policing the Peace and the Restoration of World Order

Mathieu Deflem

in Policing World Society: Historical Foundations of International Police Cooperation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199274710
eISBN:
9780191699788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274710.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the developments of the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) after World War II. It first describes the manner in which the ICPC was refounded and how the Federal ... More


Opposition to the War

David J. Bettez

in Kentucky and the Great War: World War I on the Home Front

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813168012
eISBN:
9780813168784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168012.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

While most Kentuckians supported the US entry into the war, some dissent arose. Most notably, influential Southern Baptist pastor H. Boyce Taylor from Murray objected strenuously to the war, ... More


Communism, Civil Liberties, and the Red Scare

Jennifer Luff

in Commonsense Anticommunism: Labor and Civil Liberties between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835418
eISBN:
9781469601717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869895_luff.8
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter examines the role of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in the Red Scare. Following the general strike of radical workers and the explosion of bombs in eight different cities in ... More


John Bond Trevor, Radicals, Eugenics, and Immigration

Nick Fischer

in Spider Web: The Birth of American Anticommunism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040023
eISBN:
9780252098222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040023.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines John Bond Trevor's contribution to anticommunism. Trevor is probably the only man who significantly influenced both the doctrinal evolution of anticommunism and the ... More


Depth in Norms

Stephen Skowronek, John A. Dearborn, and Desmond King

in Phantoms of a Beleaguered Republic: The Deep State and The Unitary Executive

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197543085
eISBN:
9780197543115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197543085.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines depth in norms, shared understandings of what constitutes appropriate political and institutional behavior. Norms that shield the work of administrators reflect an abiding, ... More


Commonsense Anticommunism and Civil Liberties

Jennifer Luff

in Commonsense Anticommunism: Labor and Civil Liberties between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835418
eISBN:
9781469601717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869895_luff.11
Subject:
History, Economic History

As the newly appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation (BI), J. Edgar Hoover aimed to rehabilitate the BI's reputation. During his tenure, Hoover fired crooked agents and shut down the BI's ... More


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