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Uneasy Allies: The Reclamation Service and the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Donald J. Pisani

in Water and American Government: The Reclamation Bureau, National Water Policy, and the West, 1902-1935

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230309
eISBN:
9780520927582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230309.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at the shaky alliance between the Reclamation Service and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). It shows that irrigation was dubbed as a cure-all for the economic and social problems ... More


The World's Richest Indian: The Scandal over Jackson Barnett's Oil Fortune

Tanis C. Thorne

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182989
eISBN:
9780199789030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182989.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This is first biography of Jackson Barnett, the Native American who gained unexpected wealth from oil found on his property. The book explores how control of Barnett's fortune was violently contested ... More


Patriotic Rewards, New Freedoms

Thomas Grillot

in First Americans: U.S. Patriotism in Indian Country after World War I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300224337
eISBN:
9780300235326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300224337.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter applies the insights of the previous chapters to the examination of the role of patriotism and veterans in shaping Indian policy from the 1920s. It shows how, for veterans and ... More


Bad Boys, Forgotten Heroes

Thomas Grillot

in First Americans: U.S. Patriotism in Indian Country after World War I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300224337
eISBN:
9780300235326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300224337.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter switches perspective again and takes as its object the veterans themselves. When looked at through an ethnographical lens, World War I veterans appear to have been ambiguous heroes on ... More


These People Come and Go Whenever They Please: Negotiating Relocation in Postwar Native America

Douglas K. Miller

in Indians on the Move: Native American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651385
eISBN:
9781469651408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651385.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

After fighting for their own Double Victory campaign (victory at home and victory abroad), Native American people, in the context of dual citizenship, demanded civil rights and a better standard of ... More


Tar Baby, 1912–1920

Tanis C. Thorne

in The World's Richest Indian: The Scandal over Jackson Barnett's Oil Fortune

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182989
eISBN:
9780199789030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182989.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Elderly, illiterate, and inexperienced, Jackson Barnett required the services of a guardian to protect and preserve his estate, and he and his property were quickly drawn into the system of dual ... More


Relocation Has Degraded Indian People: Urbanization’s Catastrophic Potential

Douglas K. Miller

in Indians on the Move: Native American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651385
eISBN:
9781469651408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651385.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

While thousands of Native American people actively sought opportunities to improve their and their families’ lives through urban relocation, many could not have anticipated the failures of an ... More


I Can Learn Any Kind of Work: Indian Initiative in Urban America

Douglas K. Miller

in Indians on the Move: Native American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651385
eISBN:
9781469651408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651385.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

Beginning with the introduction of the federal urban relocation program in 1952, thousands of Native American people hoped to use the program on their own terms, with their own goals in mind. Many ... More


From Americanization to Self-Determination: The Federal Urban Relocation Program

Nicolas G. Rosenthal

in Reimagining Indian Country: Native American Migration and Identity in Twentieth-Century Los Angeles

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835555
eISBN:
9781469601755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869994_rosenthal.7
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter focuses on the relocation program by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Relocation Services, a state-sponsored effort at Americanization that sought to use cities as a way of integrating ... More


“Grandfather God” and the Missionaries: “Totally Good for Nothing”

Barbara Alice Mann

in Spirits of Blood, Spirits of Breath: The Twinned Cosmos of Indigenous America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199997060
eISBN:
9780190456481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199997060.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Beginning with the first wave of invasion, Christian Europeans sought to destroy Indigenous spiritualities. From 1819 on, forced assimilation was US governmental policy, heavily implemented when the ... More


Landscapes of Desire: Melancholy, Memory, and Fantasy in Deborah Miranda’s The Zen of La Llorona

Mark Rifkin

in The Erotics of Sovereignty: Queer Native Writing in the Era of Self-Determination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677825
eISBN:
9781452948041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677825.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

In 1978, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) adopted a set of procedures to recognize Native peoples as tribes for the purposes of inclusion within the regulations and protections of federal Indian ... More


Epilogue

Gregory D. Smithers

in The Cherokee Diaspora: An Indigenous History of Migration, Resettlement, and Identity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300169607
eISBN:
9780300216585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169607.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This book has explored the origins of the Cherokee diaspora and the reasons for the Cherokee people’s movement, migration, and relocation after World War II. Among these reasons were the impact of ... More


Two Parallel Paths (I)

Paul G. Hackett

in Theos Bernard, the White Lama: Tibet, Yoga, and American Religious Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158879
eISBN:
9780231530378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158879.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter focuses on Theos Casimir Bernard's research on Indian tantric ritual as part of his master's thesis for Columbia University. As John Collier sat in the offices of the Bureau of Indian ... More


1909: Poison

Alexander S. Dawson

in Peyote Effect: From the Inquisition to the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520285422
eISBN:
9780520960909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285422.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Even as some Americans saw in peyotism a fascinating and perhaps even salubrious Native American religion, others responded with a visceral disgust to what they saw as a degenerate and dangerous ... More


Strange Apathy: Sentiment and Sovereignty in Ramona

Nathan Wolff

in Not Quite Hope and Other Political Emotions in the Gilded Age

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198831693
eISBN:
9780191869556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831693.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter challenges the critical consensus that Helen Hunt Jackson fashioned her Indian reform novel Ramona (1884) after Uncle Tom’s Cabin, insofar as sympathy for her indigenous protagonists ... More


1918: The Native American Church

Alexander S. Dawson

in Peyote Effect: From the Inquisition to the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520285422
eISBN:
9780520960909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285422.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chastened by how close a national ban of peyote came to passing in early 1918, the following October a group of Native American peyotists gathered in El Reno, Oklahoma, in order to found the Native ... More


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