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The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

A. Kemp-Welch (ed.)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Nikolai Bukharin was a pioneer and founder member of Soviet Communism. An Old Bolshevik and a close comrade of Lenin, he was shot by Stalin, but eventually reinstated, posthumously, under Gorbachev. ... More


Introduction

A. Kemp-Welch

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the late 1980s, the Soviet leadership embarked upon a radical review of the legacy of Stalinism: an overcentralized state, an inefficient command economy, an oppressive censorship, and the ... More


Bukharin as an Economist

Alec Nove

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter suggests that Bukharin was one of the few Bolsheviks familiar with ‘bourgeois’ economics. It considers The Political Rentier (1914), in which he counterposed the labour theory of value ... More


Bukharin and the New Economic Policy

Peter Ferdinand

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes Bukharin as an advocate and principal defender of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It also traces the developments of Bukharin's ideas on how to transform the Soviet Union into a ... More


Bukharin and the Countryside

V. P. Danilov

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Bukharin's policy towards the peasantry. It discusses the rural aspects of Bukharin's co-operative collectivization, his alternative to the Stalinist methods of ... More


Bukharin and the State

Neil Harding

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Bukharin's sociology of the state. As an orthodox Marxist, Bukharin regarded political structures and methods of management as neutral. They could be evaluated only in the ... More


Bukharin’s International Alternative

Anna di Biagio

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter outlines the principal foreign policy debates of the 1920s. It contrasts the different solutions Stalin and Bukharin offered to the problem of the continuing applicability of Lenin's ... More


Bukharin’s Theory of Cultural Revolution

John Biggart

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that while Bukharin is considered to have been a custodian of Leninism and the gradual change during the New Economic Policy (NEP), his theory of cultural revolution differed ... More


Bukharin and Science Policy

Robert Lewis

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter shows that of all the Bolshevik leaders, Bukharin was to be the most closely involved in the analysis of science and in science policy. However, to an extent, the quantity of Bukharin's ... More


Bukharin and Beyond

A. Kemp-Welch

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Bukharin, and his intellectual ability and equipment, when applied to the greatest political challenge he himself faced: the advent of Stalinism, which removed him, without much ... More


Base and Superstructure: the Role of Consciousness

Joseph V. Femia

in Gramsci's Political Thought: Hegemony, Consciousness, and the Revolutionary Process

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198275435
eISBN:
9780191684128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275435.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the concept's underlying theoretical and philosophical assumptions. It addresses the following questions: How does Antonio Gramsci view the relationship between the economic ... More


Creating the Leninist Party

A. James McAdams

in Vanguard of the Revolution: The Global Idea of the Communist Party

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196428
eISBN:
9781400888498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196428.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the challenges of creating a ruling party as well as the powerful personalities who were involved in making it. For much of the 1920s, a group of so-called Right Bolsheviks led ... More


Lenin's Vision: The State and Revolution

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In his State and Revolution, Vladimir Lenin details the doctrine of revolution and the proletarian dictatorship. However, it did not conform to his previous thought or to his subsequent practice, and ... More


Socialist Alternatives in the Crisis of 1921

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Russian revolutions of 1917 were driven by socialism, embraced by revolutionaries of whatever party affiliation as a utopian antithesis to present reality rather than a projected set of ... More


The Left Opposition and the Evolution of the Communist Regime

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the mid-1920s, the Soviet Union saw the eruption of a running controversy between the leadership of the Communist Party and the movements of protest collectively known as the Left Opposition. ... More


Trotsky on Democracy and Bureaucracy

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Leon Trotsky was a fierce enemy of Leninism prior to the Russian Revolution, but also its most ardent exponent in the revolution and in the civil war. His political outlook changed dramatically ... More


The Way They Talked Then: The Discourse of Politics in the Soviet Party Politburo in the Late 1920s

Robert Service

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter, which analyzes the transcript of the September 8, 1927 joint meeting of the Politburo and the Central Control Commission Presidium, explains that this meeting focused on the denouement ... More


Approaches to Transformation in Economics

Stefan Kolev and Joachim Zweynert

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Focusing on the history of economics, this chapter provides an overview of important theoretical contributions to understanding the processes of transformation. The central claim is that if ... More


Back in School and Father's Arrest

Maya Plisetskaya

in I, Maya Plisetskaya

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088571
eISBN:
9780300130713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088571.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Dance

In this chapter, Maya Plisetskaya recalls how her father decided to send her to Moscow to study ballet. She was too late for the end of the school year. In the second year, a new teacher, Elizaveta ... More


The Phantom of the Soviet Thermidor

Jay Bergman

in The French Revolutionary Tradition in Russian and Soviet Politics, Political Thought, and Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198842705
eISBN:
9780191878619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842705.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History, Cultural History

Chapter 8 describes the origins of the debate over Thermidor—the phase in the French Revolution following the Jacobin Terror—in the New Economic Policy Lenin initiated in 1921. It also shows the role ... More


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