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Isaac Schapera 1905–2003

Adam Kuper

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 130, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IV

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263501
eISBN:
9780191734212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263501.003.0008
Subject:
History, Historiography

Isaac Schapera (1905–2003), a Fellow of the British Academy, spent the second half of his long life in London but remained very much a South African. His parents immigrated to South Africa at the ... More


From Magic to Social Function

Ariel Glucklich

in The End of Magic

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108798
eISBN:
9780199853434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108798.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The beginning of professional sociology signaled the end of theories that explained magic as a mental phenomenon of the individual. The crude and often provincial evolutionism to which James Frazer ... More


An Anthropological Laboratory: Ethnographic Research, Imperial Administration, and Magical Knowledge

in Africa as a Living Laboratory: Empire, Development, and the Problem of Scientific Knowledge, 1870-1950

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226803463
eISBN:
9780226803487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226803487.003.0007
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter evaluates the changing attitudes of colonial officials to formal anthropological research and of anthropologists to empire and its apparatus of rule. The synergies and antagonisms of ... More


Mass Observing: The 1930s Documentary Gaze

Lara Feigel

in Literature, Cinema and Politics 1930-1945: Reading Between the Frames

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639502
eISBN:
9780748652938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639502.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter explores the multiple and complex viewpoints that were combined in the documentary gaze. It also examines filmic technique, and in particular cross-class montage. In Bronislaw ... More


The Use of Evolutionary Theory in Modeling Culture and Cultural Conflict

Marc W. D. Tyrrell

in Culture, Conflict, and Counterinsurgency

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804785952
eISBN:
9780804789219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785952.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a model for one potential Darwin theory of cultural evolution. Initially, the author discusses the theoretical work of numerous sources to construct an evolutionary model of ... More


The French Exception

Vincent Debaene

in Far Afield: French Anthropology between Science and Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106908
eISBN:
9780226107233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107233.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The relationship between anthropology and “literature” writ large in the early history of the French anthropological tradition is the subject of this chapter. Unlike the national traditions of the ... More


The Making of a Social Anthropologist

David A. Varel

in The Lost Black Scholar: Resurrecting Allison Davis in American Social Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226534886
eISBN:
9780226534916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534916.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The third chapter evaluates the formal graduate training in anthropology of Allison Davis and his wife Elizabeth Stubbs Davis. From 1931 to 1932, the couple attended Harvard College and Radcliffe ... More


Survivals, surveys, and struggles: First fieldwork

Christopher Morton

in The Anthropological Lens: Rethinking E. E. Evans-Pritchard

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198812913
eISBN:
9780191850707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812913.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture, Sociology of Religion

Chapter 2 sketches Evans-Pritchard’s early career and intellectual influences, before setting the scene for his first piece of fieldwork among the Ingessana people in Sudan by describing the reasons ... More


The Violence of Science

Marc Flandreau

in Anthropologists in the Stock Exchange: A Financial History of Victorian Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226360300
eISBN:
9780226360584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226360584.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter brings into the narrative the politics of empire as they began to be reshaped in the mid 1860s as part of Benjamin Disraeli’s first term as Chancellor of the Exchequer, then Prime ... More


Culture: A First Look at Difference

Peter Harries-Jones

in Upside-Down Gods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823270347
eISBN:
9780823270385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270347.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Gregory Bateson objects to functionalist accounts of village ethnography which treat culture as a static entity, for his own study of relationships among Iatmul of New Guinea specifically highlight ... More


From Calundu to Candomblé: The Formative Process of Afro-Brazilian Religion

Luis Nicolau Parés

in The Formation of Candomblé: Vodun History and Ritual in Brazil

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469610924
eISBN:
9781469612638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469610924.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter presents Max Weber's claim that one of the principal functions of religion is to provide meaning to the existence of suffering and some means of overcoming or transcending it. Bronislaw ... More


Tentasali

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter describes early efforts of scientists to immerse themselves in the culture of indigenous peoples. American ethologist Frank Hamilton Cushing, for instance, joined an anthropological ... More


Introduction: Elemental Materialism in Soviet Culture and Society

Alexey Golubev

in The Things of Life: Materiality in Late Soviet Russia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501752889
eISBN:
9781501752902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501752889.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter gives a brief history of and defines the term “elemental materialism” as a culturally rooted recognition of the power of matter and things to shape human bodies and selves, which is a ... More


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