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Mosaic neurobiology and anatomical plausibility *

Wendy K. Wilkins

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter sets out a strategy for investigating the evolutionary biology of language. Central here is the following thesis: In order to understand the emergence of linguistic capacity as an ... More


Broca’s Area in the Human and the Nonhuman Primate Brain

Michael Petrides

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins by examining the gross morphology of the inferior frontal region of the human brain within which the Broca's area lies. It then examines the architectonic areas that are occupying ... More


Broca’s language area from a neuroanatomical and developmental perspective

Harry B. M. Uylings, Lidia I. Malofeeva, Irina N. Bogolepova, Katrin Amunts, and Karl Zilles

in The Neurocognition of Language

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198507932
eISBN:
9780191687242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507932.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the localization, development, and function of Broca's area. It is concluded that due to its structural and functional variability, it is necessary to construct an anatomical ... More


Language, Innateness, and Universals

Andy Clark and Jennifer B. Misyak

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Using the preceding chapter as a point of departure, this chapter offers a critical perspective on the notion of innate universals. It presents a “minimal nativism” view, according to which a brain ... More


Reflections on the Neurobiology of Syntax

Hagoort Peter

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the neurobiology of syntax, with special emphasis on neural infrastructure for parsing and syntactic encoding. From an anatomical perspective, it argues that Broca’s area is an ... More


The anatomy of the brain

Richard Passingham

in What is special about the human brain?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In general, an animal's brain size is in direct proportion to its body size, hence humans have bigger brains than other primates. The issue, however, is not the relativity of the brain sizes but how ... More


Language Functions in the Brain: From Auditory Input to Sentence Comprehension

Angela D. Friederici and Noam Chomsky

in Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Chapter 1 presents the neurocognitive model of language comprehension with its functional processing components and processing steps from auditory input to comprehension. The different functional ... More


Brain Circuits of Syntax

Friederici Angela D.

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the role of brain circuits in the processing of syntax within the framework of possible neuroanatomical differences of the human and nonhuman primate brain. It considers ... More


The mirror theory of language:: A neurolinguist’s perspective

Yosef Grodzinsky

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reviews tests for modularity and discusses the relation between language and the perception-action loop. Grodzinsky argues against the holistic view that language properties are not ... More


Human prefrontal cortex: generating goals from instructions and imagination

Richard E. Passingham and Steven P. Wise

in The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex: Anatomy, Evolution, and the Origin of Insight

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199552917
eISBN:
9780191741807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552917.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the function of the human prefrontal (PF) cortex in the generation of goals from imagination and instructions. It explains the external and the microstructure and internal ... More


The Language of Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In this chapter we summarize an in depth analysis by two Bordeaux professors of enology of the methods that wine experts use to describe so many fragrances in wine. They studied the wine descriptions ... More


Language and syntax in the brain

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

What is computed in brain systems involved in language is assessed based on the neuropsychology and neuroimaging of language. This is complemented by a computational neuroscience approach in which ... More


The Space of Language

Laura Otis

in Rethinking Thought: Inside the Minds of Creative Scientists and Artists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190213466
eISBN:
9780190271701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190213466.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Just as “visual” thinking includes multiple inclinations and abilities, “verbal” thought can involve spatial, object, and/or motor processing and comes in many different forms. Portraits of poet Kate ... More


Functional Neuroimaging and the Logic of Brain Operations: Methodologies, Caveats, and Fundamental Examples from Language Research

Gulyás Balázs

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Positron emission tomography, functional magnetic resonance imaging, magnetoencephalography, and other complementary techniques provide cognitive neuroscience a unique methodological array of ... More


Computational complexity in the brain

Cristiano Chesi and Andrea Moro

in Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter has two goals. First, it discusses how formal grammars and equivalent automata can be used to formulate explicit metrics measuring the degree of complexity of natural languages. Second, ... More


Evolution of the Prefrontal Cortex in the Hominins

Richard E. Passingham

in Understanding the Prefrontal Cortex: Selective advantage, connectivity, and neural operations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198844570
eISBN:
9780191880094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844570.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

When body weight is taken into account, there was a rapid expansion of the brain during the evolution of the hominins, with the greatest increase occurring from around 400,000 years ago. After this ... More


Inner Speech and Mental Imagery: A Neuroscientific Perspective

Sharon Geva

in Inner Speech: New Voices

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198796640
eISBN:
9780191866869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796640.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Inner speech has been investigated using neuroscientific techniques since the beginning of the twentieth century. One of the most important finding is that inner and overt speech differ in many ... More


Social cognition and brain organization in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus)

William D. Hopkins, Cheryl D. Stimpson, and Chet C. Sherwood

in Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198728511
eISBN:
9780191795381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Bonobos and chimpanzees are two closely relates species of the genus Pan, yet they exhibit marked differences in anatomy, behaviour and cognition. For this reason, comparative studies on social ... More


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