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Enacting a Multilateral Framework for Finance: Treasury and Congressional Compromise

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter compares the ratification struggle over the Treaty of Versailles with the passage of the Bretton Woods Agreement Act to demonstrate the legislature’s concern with how multilateralism ... More


Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Kathryn C. Lavelle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Conventional understandings of U.S. foreign policy see Congress as an obstacle to multilateral cooperation. Kathryn Lavelle challenges the traditional view by considering Congress within the three ... More


The Political Problem of Reconciling Domestic and International Interests in EMU: The Legacy of Barre, Giscard D'estaing, and Pompidou

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

De Gaulle's views on EMU are compared with those of his Finance Minister Giscard d’Estaing. French policy towards the Hague Summit and the Werner Report is analysed, in particular the views and ... More


The Bretton Woods Institutions: Evolution, Reform, and Change

Jong-Il You

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Bretton Woods institutions (BWIs), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Bank were created to bring about orderly development of the world economy in the post-World War II era. ... More


The influence of US policy on the SDR under post‐Bretton Woods arrangements

Christopher M.D. Wilkie

in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs): The First International Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606467
eISBN:
9780191731648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606467.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

SDRs could not prop up a Bretton Woods system without US support. And it is true that the SDR was no longer a priority for the US as post‐Bretton Woods arrangements consolidated themselves. ... More


Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Deepak Nayyar (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It is now more than fifty years since the United Nations (UN) system and the Bretton Woods institutions were created. The world has changed since then, and so have its governance needs in terms of ... More


Bretton Woods and the Debate about Development

Harold James

in Finance, Development, and the IMF

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239863
eISBN:
9780191716805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239863.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the evolution since the Bretton Woods conference of the IMF's approach to problems of low income countries. In particular, it seeks to locate that approach within the debate ... More


US Intervention during the Bretton Woods Era, 1962–1973

Michael D. Bordo, Owen F. Humpage, and Anna J. Schwartz

in Strained Relations: US Foreign-Exchange Operations and Monetary Policy in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226051482
eISBN:
9780226051512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051512.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In the early 1960s, as Bretton Woods became fully functional, outstanding foreign dollar claims began to exceed the US gold stock, implying that the United States could not convert all dollar claims ... More


Managing Systemic Risk: The Rationale for International Financial Regulation

Kern Alexander, Rahul Dhumale, and John Eatwell

in Global Governance of Financial Systems: The International Regulation of Systemic Risk

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195166989
eISBN:
9780199783861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166989.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the nature of systemic risk in the international financial system and the dilemmas that face national regulators who seek to protect their economies from the ravages of ... More


Contemporary Reform of Global Financial Governance: Implications of and lessons from the past

Eric Helleiner

in Reforming the International Financial System for Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157643
eISBN:
9780231527279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157643.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter argues for more creative and ambitious thinking about international financial reform in light of the ongoing global financial crisis that began in 2007. The 1944 Bretton Woods conference ... More


The Existing System and the Missing Institutions

Deepak Nayyar

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the institutions, with a focus on the United Nations, the Bretton Woods institutions, and the World Trade Organisation, to sketch some contours of reform and change necessary ... More


Dawn over Bretton Woods

Harry Blutstein

in The Ascent of Globalisation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992897
eISBN:
9781526104311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The global economic order that emerged at the end of the Second World War was the work of two men: John Maynard Keynes and Harry Dexter White. This chapter describes the tense negotiations between ... More


Introduction: An Historical Overview

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The negotiation of EMU is situated in an historical context, notably the mounting tensions in the post‐war Bretton Woods system, the Hague Summit of 1969, the eventual collapse of Bretton Woods and ... More


The genesis of SDRs and the limitations of the Rio Agreement

Christopher M.D. Wilkie

in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs): The First International Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606467
eISBN:
9780191731648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606467.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Since the 1970s, conventional wisdom in both economic and international relations/political economy literature is that the clumsily‐named Special Drawing Rights were a compromise that doomed their ... More


The multilateral framework for international assistance

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents the large number of actors involved in post-conflict economic reconstruction and focuses on the key role played by the UN and the international financial institutions (IFIs). ... More


The Bretton Woods System: Design and Operation

Peter Kugler

in Money in the Western Legal Tradition: Middle Ages to Bretton Woods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198704744
eISBN:
9780191774041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704744.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The System designed at the conference at Bretton Woods in July 1944 (BWS) was the first full attempt to establish an international monetary system with fixed but adjustable exchange rates based on an ... More


Coalitional Hegemony: Pax Americana 1945–1971

Ian Clark

in Hegemony in International Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556267
eISBN:
9780191725609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556267.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The final historical case is that of Pax Americana, the supposed role of the USA as a hegemon after 1945. The central argument is that if that were so, the USA was a hegemon in only part of the ... More


Special Drawing Rights (SDRs): The First International Money

Christopher Wilkie

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606467
eISBN:
9780191731648
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606467.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Following the Rio Agreement in 1967, the birth of the Special Drawing Right (SDR) was widely heralded as the first step towards a world international money. The SDR's intended purpose, though, was ... More


Introduction

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0000
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter lays out the rationale for the study of the relationship between Congress and the International Monetary Fund and World Bank. It proposes the concept of congressional ... More


Introduction

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Briefly sets the background for the country studies by discussing the economic conditions that supported the rise of the welfare state in the post‐war years and by highlighting the economic changes ... More


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