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Models, Truth, and Realism

Barry Taylor

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book mounts an argument against one of the fundamental tenets of much contemporary philosophy, the idea that we can make sense of reality as existing objectively, independently of our capacities ... More


Inferential Role

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The inferential role of I is irreducibly deictic. The inferential roles of singular terms are distinguished by appeal to the different mechanisms required to guarantee co-reference in a ... More


Norms of Truth and Meaning

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Truth and meaning each have evaluative import. However, contrary to Dummett, Gibbard, Brandom, and many others, these notions are not constitutively normative — they are not themselves evaluative ... More


Preference Noncognitivism

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

There is often thought to be an asymmetry between belief and desire, such that belief is more rational than desire, or possessed of cognitive content that desire lacks. In this chapter, it is argued ... More


Language, Truth, and Inference

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines externalism rooted in theoretical claims about the content of language-mediated thought, especially by a focus on Davidson's truth-based theory and Brandom's use-based theory. ... More


Mental Partitioning

Simon J. Evnine

in Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239948
eISBN:
9780191716898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239948.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The argument from the previous chapter is continued. Circumstances under which believing a conjunction is not simply believing its conjuncts are said to be those in which there is mental partitioning ... More


And Not Antifoundationalism Either

Jason A. Springs

in Toward a Generous Orthodoxy: Prospects for Hans Frei's Postliberal Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395044
eISBN:
9780199866243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395044.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Frei's appeals to the "givenness" of revelation-the claim, for instance, that all doctrines or theological assertions are directly or indirectly grounded in faith, or that faith is rational in that ... More


"Christ Called Himself Truth, Not Custom"

Jason A. Springs

in Toward a Generous Orthodoxy: Prospects for Hans Frei's Postliberal Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395044
eISBN:
9780199866243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395044.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 8 employs insights from the work of pragmatist philosophers Wilfrid Sellars, Robert Brandom, Jeffrey Stout, and speech-act theory to further clarify, enrich, and expand Frei's account of ... More


The Initial Sketch

Anthony Simon Laden

in Reasoning: A Social Picture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199606191
eISBN:
9780191741081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606191.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

These introduce the idea of a social picture of reasoning as a picture of an activity of living together that is obscured by trying to understand this activity from within a picture of reasoning as ... More


The Steps from Doing to Saying

Simon Blackburn

in Practical Tortoise Raising: and other philosophical essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199548057
eISBN:
9780191594953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548057.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the way in which contemporary pragmatism does and should attempt to locate meaning within the wider landscape of human action. It urges caution about the wholesale opposition ... More


Brandom's Two‐Ply Error

Willem A. deVries and Paul Coates

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his Tales of the Mighty Dead, Robert B. Brandom's discussion of Sellars's two-ply account of observation and critique of Cartesian philosophies of mind makes several crucial errors that would ... More


The Son and the Daughter: On Sellars, Brandom, and Millikan *

Ruth Garret Millikan

in Language: A Biological Model

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284764
eISBN:
9780191603167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284768.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The positions of Brandom and Millikan are compared with respect to their common origins in the works of Wilfrid Sellars and Wittgenstein. Millikan takes more seriously the “picturing” themes from ... More


Naturalism and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Naturalists have at least three core commitments: refusing appeals to what is supernatural or transcendent to nature; making scientific understanding central to philosophical understanding; and ... More


To Be Is to Live, to Be Is to Be Recognized

J. M. Bernstein

in Torture and Dignity: An Essay on Moral Injury

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226266329
eISBN:
9780226266466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226266466.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If the moral injury of torture and rape is devastation that is a consequence of dispossession, then the primary question becomes: what is a human being such that she can suffer devastation, that is, ... More


Knowledge and Social Practices

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In some views, knowledge cannot exist except against the background of certain social practices. Thus, in Davidson's view, there are no beliefs, and thus no knowledge, except in creatures that use ... More


Reasoning

Hilary Kornblith

in On Reflection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Some of our beliefs are the product of reasoning. What is involved when we reason from one belief, or one set of beliefs, to another? Some philosophers have held that all that is involved here is ... More


Expressivism, Non-Naturalism, and Us

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

In this Brandom-like metatheory, meaning is characterized in terms of ought, and ought is characterized in two ways: expressivistically by a substantive meaning theory, and conceptually by the tie of ... More


Dropping the Catch

Jonathan Dancy

in Ethics Without Principles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270026
eISBN:
9780191601729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270023.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that various standard meta-ethical positions have great difficulty in understanding the notion of a contributory reason, being largely formulated to deal with overall oughts. These positions ... More


The Sellarsian Theory

Christopher Gauker

in Words and Images: An Essay on the Origin of Ideas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199599462
eISBN:
9780191729225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599462.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

Twentieth century philosophers have often thought of concepts as words in a discursive form of mental representation. The objective of this chapter is to distinguish between what is right and what is ... More


Model Conclusion

Martin Shuster

in Autonomy After Auschwitz: Adorno, German Idealism, and Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226155487
eISBN:
9780226155517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226155517.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Adorno’s method, again, this time focusing on his notion of a ‘model.’ It situates Adorno amidst contemporary discussion of normativity and also connects Adorno to ordinary ... More


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