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Stress and the Impact of Personalized Medicine

Charles F. Gillespie, Elisabeth B. Binder, Paul E. Holtzheimer, and Charles B. Nemeroff

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This report summarizes a number of the epigenetic influence on the development and treatment of anxiety and mood disorders. The focus taken here is on the impact of stress and stressors on the ... More


Principles of Neural Design

Peter Sterling and Simon Laughlin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028707
eISBN:
9780262327312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028707.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The human brain is far smarter than a supercomputer but requires 100,000-fold less energy and space. Such efficient information processing is governed by ten principles of design. These apply to the ... More


A TIME TO BE WARY

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0040
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Freed from the responsibility of editing The American Mercury, Mencken turned to his political column. He was a supporter of a balanced budget, fiscal responsibility, and a federal government with ... More


The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Jason Tougaw

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The Elusive Brain is the first comprehensive survey of contemporary literature’s engagement with neuroscience. Jason Tougaw analyzes the works of contemporary writers—including Oliver Sacks, Temple ... More


Practical Applications of Neuroenology to the Pleasure of Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a summary of the contents of the book through new studies, including consumers’ preferences in the alcohol content of wines; whether price impacts pleasure; and how experts in ... More


Rebel Genius: Warren S. McCulloch's Transdisciplinary Life in Science

Tara H. Abraham

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035095
eISBN:
9780262335386
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035095.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Warren S. McCulloch (1898-1969) has become an icon of the American cybernetics movement and of current work in the cognitive neurosciences. Much of this legacy stems from his classic 1943 work with ... More


Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion

E. Fuller Torrey

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231183369
eISBN:
9780231544863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231183369.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

Religions and mythologies from around the world teach that God or gods created humans. Atheist, humanist, and materialist critics, meanwhile, have attempted to turn theology on its head, claiming ... More


Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Dana H. Ballard

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The vast differences between the brain’s neural circuitry and a computer’s silicon circuitry might suggest that they have nothing in common. In fact, as Dana Ballard argues in this book, ... More


Impossible Languages

Andrea Moro

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034890
eISBN:
9780262335621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034890.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Understanding the nature and the structure of human language coincides with capturing the constraints which make a conceivable language possible or, equivalently, with discovering whether there can ... More


Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Jonathan Wolpaw and Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

In the last fifteen years, a recognizable surge in the field of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) research and development has emerged. This emergence has sprung from a variety of factors. For one, ... More


Israel and the World Economy: The Power of Globalization

Assaf Razin

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037341
eISBN:
9780262344234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037341.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The book objective is two-fold: First, the book provides rigorous analysis of some of the major globalization episodes during the decade's long emergence of the economy of Israel. Second, the book ... More


Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Alvaro Pascual-Leone and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0024
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the Harvard neuroscientist, Alvaro Pascual-Leone initially reflects on the importance of ‘unlearning’ and forgetting. He then gives a detailed explanation of, and how he carries ... More


Don’t try this at school: the attraction of ‘alternative’ educational techniques

Stuart J. Ritchie, Eric H. Chudler, and Sergio Della Sala

in Neuroscience in Education: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600496
eISBN:
9780191739187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0072
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

A variety of ‘alternative’ educational techniques are being used in classrooms worldwide, and it is often unclear whether or not they are supported by anything other than vaguely ... More


Metastases involving the brain and meninges

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0024
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter covers metastases of the brain and the meninges. Brain metastases reflects malignancy of the cancer disease; however, most metastases of the brain develop after diagnosis and initial ... More


‘Considered to be without medical justification’: Science, Medicine, and Committees, 1945–1961

James H. Mills

in Cannabis Nation: Control and Consumption in Britain, 1928-2008

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199283422
eISBN:
9780191746161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283422.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

While Britain's colonial past began to shape the UK's experience of cannabis in these years, other overseas contexts were similarly important and Chapter 5 considers them. There was a flurry of ... More


Disorders of Unified Consciousness: Brain Bisection and Dissociative Identity Disorder

Andrew Brook

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Andrew Brook applies his model of unified consciousness of one's own psychological states to cases of brain bisection and dissociative identity disorder (DID). He argues that problems with Bayne's ... More


Consciousness despite Network Underconnectivity in Autism: Another Case of Consciousness without Prefrontal Activity?

William Hirstein

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

William Hirstein argues that recent evidence points to widespread underconnectivity in autistic brains due to deviant white matter connections. Specifically, there is prefrontal-parietal ... More


Time Restored: The Harrison timekeepers and R.T. Gould, the man who knew (almost) everything

Jonathan Betts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198568025
eISBN:
9780191718144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568025.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This is the story of Rupert T. Gould (1890-1948), the polymath and horologist. A remarkable man, Lt Cmdr Gould made important contributions in an extraordinary range of subject areas throughout his ... More


Public Knowledge, 1911–1945

David Vincent

in The Culture of Secrecy: Britain 1832-1998

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203070
eISBN:
9780191675690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203070.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The pitiful and pitiable outcome of Asquith's infatuation with the rules of secrecy seemed not to have unduly affected the fate of his ailing Ministry. Asquith's conduct was an exaggerated form of a ... More


The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Cyriel M.A. Pennartz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Although science has made considerable progress in discovering the neural basis of cognition, how consciousness arises remains elusive. In this book, Pennartz analyzes which aspects of conscious ... More


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