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Woolf, Bloomsbury, the ‘New Biography’, and the New Auto/biografiction

Max Saunders

in Self Impression: Life-Writing, Autobiografiction, and the Forms of Modern Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579761
eISBN:
9780191722882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579761.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter focuses on the British modernist whose work represents the most sustained fictionalising engagement with biography. It recounts changes in biographical theory in Woolf's lifetime; ... More


Unmarried Motherhood in ‘Family Britain’: Challenging Bowlby

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

After the war still high levels of unmarried motherhood and cohabitation and many mothers still lived with their parents in an atmosphere of tolerance but secrecy. Harder for mothers on their own to ... More


Psychoanalytic Theories

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Dr. Edward Kempf's explanations and diagnosis of Charles Darwin need more evidence and discussion. A succession of psychoanalytically-oriented psychiatrists then argued that Darwin felt hostility for ... More


Psychiatric Theories of Bowlby, and of Barloon and Noyes

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0025
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In studying Charles Darwin's illness, John Bowlby, Thomas Barloon and Russell Noyes drew on information about the illness given in To Be an Invalid, the volumes of Darwin's Correspondence and the ... More


Background and Historical Perspective

R. Michael Brown, Louis A. Penner, and Stephanie L. Brown

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides readers with background information for the volume, Moving Beyond Self-Interest (S. Brown, R. Brown, & Penner, 2011), which describes new developments in theory and research on ... More


Make Room for Mother: The “Psy”-entific Ideology of Natural Motherhood

Jessica L. Martucci

in Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288031
eISBN:
9780226288178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The first chapter recounts the evolution of scientific ideas about motherhood and breastfeeding in the early 20th century, and explores the scientific and cultural emergence of natural motherhood ... More


The Strange Situation of the Ethological Theory of Attachment: A Historical Perspective

Marga Vicedo

in The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036900
eISBN:
9780262342872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036900.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the history of some challenges to John Bowlby’s and Mary Ainsworth’s ethological attachment theory (EAT). Bowlby and Ainsworth argued that the mother-infant relationship is a ... More


Primate Infancies: Causes and Consequences of Varying Care

Kristen Hawkes, James S. Chisholm, Lynn A. Fairbanks, Johannes Johow, Elfriede Kalcher-Sommersguter, Katja Liebal, Masako Myowa, Volker Sommer, Bernard Thierry, and Barbara L. Finlay

in The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036900
eISBN:
9780262342872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036900.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Bowlby recognized that studying other primates could help identify the needs of human infants; his evolutionary perspective has had a wide impact on understanding of human development. Much more is ... More


The Image of the Child in Postwar British and U.S. Psychoanalysis

Lisa Cartwright

in Imagining Illness: Public Health and Visual Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816648221
eISBN:
9781452945958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816648221.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the place of visual analysis and documentation of infants and children in psychoanalysis in Britain and the United States after World War II, a period during which mental health ... More


Experts and childcare ‘bibles’: mothers and advice literature

Angela Davis

in Modern Motherhood: Women and Family in England, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780719084553
eISBN:
9781781702109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084553.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The chapter examines how ideas of the ‘good’ and ‘bad’ mother were conveyed to women through the writings of childcare experts. It considers the work of principal authorities on child development who ... More


An Attachment-Theoretical Approach to Religious Cognition

Charles W. Nuckolls

in Universalism without Uniformity: Explorations in Mind and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226501543
eISBN:
9780226501710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501710.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

A variation on the theme of universalism is the question of where religious concepts come from. The “naturalness of religion” hypothesis, developed by Pascal Boyer and his colleagues, asserts that ... More


The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Marga Vicedo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The notion that maternal care and love will determine a child's emotional well-being and future personality has become ubiquitous. In countless stories and movies we find that the problems of the ... More


Parenting Matters: An Attachment Perspective

Howard Steele and Miriam Steele

in What Is Parenthood?: Contemporary Debates about the Family

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729151
eISBN:
9780814724484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729151.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines how parenting has been defined and studied by advocates of attachment theory and research in that area. It also describes attachment research tools which can be used to assist ... More


Rebuilding the family: 1940s–1950s

Harry Hendrick

in Narcissistic Parenting in an Insecure World: A History of Parenting Culture 1920s to Present

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447322559
eISBN:
9781447322573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447322559.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

The chapter examines the idea of 'the family' within the context of the so-called 'Golden Age' in social and economic affairs that was said to prevail from the late 1940s through to the early 1970s. ... More


The Study of Instincts

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter analyzes Konrad Lorenz's views about instincts and imprinting in the context of his efforts to develop the new science of ethology with Niko Tinbergen. It first introduces Lorenz's and ... More


Bowlby’s Ethological Theory of Attachment Behavior: The Nature and Nurture of Love for the Mother

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the development of John Bowlby's views and their scientific and social reception in the United States during the 1950s. Bowlby's assertion that mother love is a biological need ... More


Psychoanalysts against Biological Reductionism

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how psychoanalysts reacted to John Bowlby's attempt to unify psychoanalysis with ethology. It focuses on the response of three major Freudian analysts: Anna Freud, Max Schur, ... More


The Nature of Love: Mary Ainsworth’s Observational and Experimental Work

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the development of Mary Ainsworth's views about attachment in the context of her relationship with John Bowlby. It shows her evolution from being Bowlby's defender to ... More


Reinforcing Each Other and a Normative View of Nature

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how John Bowlby and Konrad Lorenz supported each other, creating an impression of interdisciplinary strength and providing legitimacy to their views on children's needs for ... More


Attachment Theory

Marilyn Watson

in Learning to Trust: Attachment Theory and Classroom Management

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190867263
eISBN:
9780190867294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867263.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The origins of attachment theory and the work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth are described. Four types of child–parent attachment relationships—secure, insecure/anxious, insecure/ambivalent, and ... More


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