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A Model of Rayleigh-Bénard Convection

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents a model of Rayleigh–Bénard convection. It first describes the fundamental dynamics expected in a fluid that is convectively stable and in one that is convectively unstable, ... More


Thermally Driven Flows

David Jon Furbish

in Fluid Physics in Geology: An Introduction to Fluid Motions on Earth’s Surface and Within its Crust

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195077018
eISBN:
9780197560358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195077018.003.0020
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geophysics: Earth Sciences

Recall that we briefly examined the stability of thermally stratified fluids in Chapter 6. Our essential conclusion was that a condition in which hot, light fluid resides beneath cooler, heavier ... More


Basic Concepts

Eric B. Kraus and Joost A. Businger

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195066180
eISBN:
9780197560204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195066180.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Both Cartesian tensor and vector notation will be used in this text. The notation xi means the i-component of the vector x = (x1 x2, x3). When used in the argument of a function [e.g., f(xi)], xi, ... More


Surface Wind Waves

Eric B. Kraus and Joost A. Businger

in Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195066180
eISBN:
9780197560204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195066180.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Rhythmic and monotonously repetitive, but quite unpredictable in its details, the structure of the sea surface is an epitome of the natural world. Surface waves have been studied actively by ... More


Flow Over Hills

J. C. Kaimal and J. J. Finnigan

in Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flows: Their Structure and Measurement

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195062397
eISBN:
9780197560167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195062397.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

We now move on to the next obstacle to understanding how the boundary layer behaves in general through the study of flow over ridges and hills. In Chapter 4 we examined simple changes in surface ... More


The Planetary Boundary Layer

Eric B. Kraus and Joost A. Businger

in Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195066180
eISBN:
9780197560204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195066180.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The term planetary boundary layer (PBL) is often used as a synonym for the Ekman layer (i.e., for the region in which the convergence of the vertical flux of momentum is of the same order as the ... More


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