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Repatriation: Christ Comes Again to Totolapan

Jennifer Scheper Hughes

in Biography of a Mexican Crucifix: Lived Religion and Local Faith from the Conquest to the Present

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195367065
eISBN:
9780199867370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367065.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

A wave of secularist reforms in the nineteenth century led to the increasingly marginal status of religious images, including the Cristo Aparecido, in the City of Mexico. The separation of church and ... More


Introduction

Cameron D. Jones

in In Service of Two Masters: The Missionaries of Ocopa, Indigenous Resistance, and Spanish Governance in Bourbon Peru

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503604315
eISBN:
9781503608382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503604315.003.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter opens looking at the place of missions within political and philosophical structure of the Spanish empire. As Spain attempted to reform its empire in the eighteenth century in response to ... More


Conclusion

John J. Clune

in Cuban Convents in the Age of Enlightened Reform, 1761–1807

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032177
eISBN:
9780813038308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032177.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on convent reforms in Havana, Cuba, carried out under the auspices of the Spanish Bourbon state and the Catholic Church during the ... More


Toward a New Imperial Elite

Mónica Ricketts

in Who Should Rule?: Men of Arms, the Republic of Letters, and the Fall of the Spanish Empire

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190494889
eISBN:
9780190494919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494889.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History, Latin American History

This chapter analyzes the commitment of the Bourbon Crown to create a new power elite in which they could trust. This project was first implemented in Spain and then in America. While the new Bourbon ... More


To Educate and Evangelize: Laywomen, Clergy, and Late Colonial Girls’ Schools

Brianna Leavitt-Alcántara

in Alone at the Altar: Single Women and Devotion in Guatemala, 1670-1870

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781503603684
eISBN:
9781503604391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603684.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter 4 examines the case studies of three new primary schools for non-elite girls in and around late-colonial Guatemala City, as locals called the recently relocated capital. These educational ... More


In Service of Two Masters: The Missionaries of Ocopa, Indigenous Resistance, and Spanish Governance in Bourbon Peru

Cameron D. Jones

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503604315
eISBN:
9781503608382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503604315.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

By the early 1700s, the vast scale of Spanish empire led crown authorities to rely on local institutions to carry out their political agenda, including religious orders like the Franciscan mission of ... More


“A Sponge Soaking up All the Money”: Alcohol, Taverns, Vinaterías, and the Bourbon Reforms in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Santiago de los Caballeros, Guatemala

Alvis E. Dunn

in Distilling the Influence of Alcohol: Aguardiente in Guatemalan History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041629
eISBN:
9780813043432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041629.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

When the Royal Monopoly on Alcohol was established in 1755 in the Kingdom of Guatemala, a subunit of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, it was the Town Council of the capital city, Antigua, rather than a ... More


Conclusion

Cameron D. Jones

in In Service of Two Masters: The Missionaries of Ocopa, Indigenous Resistance, and Spanish Governance in Bourbon Peru

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503604315
eISBN:
9781503608382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503604315.003.0008
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Conclusion explores the nature of the clerical Bourbon reforms during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The goal of this section is to suggest further implications for Ocopa’s history in ... More


The King’s Most Loyal Subjects

Mónica Ricketts

in Who Should Rule?: Men of Arms, the Republic of Letters, and the Fall of the Spanish Empire

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190494889
eISBN:
9780190494919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494889.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History, Latin American History

Prior to the eighteenth century, Spain and the Spanish Empire lacked centralized and well-organized forces, both on land or sea. As a result, the Crown was able to find space in its military ... More


A Shared Political Culture

in “We Are Now the True Spaniards”: Sovereignty, Revolution, Independence, and the Emergence of the Federal Republic of Mexico, 1808-1824

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804778305
eISBN:
9780804784634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778305.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

To comprehend the nature of political culture in late eighteenth-century New Spain, it is necessary to dispel misperceptions about the political system of the Spanish Monarchy and the political ... More


Derecho and Law: Legal Enlightenment in Philosophy and Policy

Bianca Premo

in The Enlightenment on Trial: Ordinary Litigants and Colonialism in the Spanish Empire

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190638726
eISBN:
9780190638764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190638726.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Latin American History

This chapter explores top-down philosophical and policy changes in law under the Spanish Bourbon monarchy. It explains how more new, more secular, formalist ideas of law and natural rights theories ... More


Revival and Survival: Indigenous Society in the Mid- to Late Colonial Period, 1730–1806

Dana Velasco Murillo

in Urban Indians in a Silver City: Zacatecas, Mexico, 1546-1810

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804796118
eISBN:
9780804799645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804796118.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter 5 explores the dramatic changes at the local and viceregal level that indigenous peoples confronted during the long eighteenth century. Production declines and upsurges, empirewide ... More


New Cures: The Caracas Company, the Crown, and Commercial Control

Jesse Cromwell

in The Smugglers' World: Illicit Trade and Atlantic Communities in Eighteenth-Century Venezuela

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469636887
eISBN:
9781469636948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636887.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Chapter 3 examines the creation and administration of the Caracas Company as an organization designed to increase trade to Venezuela but also to police its coastline. Although realizations of Spanish ... More


Comercio Libre and the Rise of Commercial Risk

Jeremy Baskes

in Staying Afloat: Risk and Uncertainty in Spanish Atlantic World Trade, 1760-1820

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785426
eISBN:
9780804786355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785426.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In 1778 the Spanish crown promulgated free trade (comercio libre), designed to strengthen the empire economically. Far greater numbers of export licenses were issued to long-distance merchants and ... More


A Show of Patriotism at the End of the Trench

Vera S. Candiani

in Dreaming of Dry Land: Environmental Transformation in Colonial Mexico City

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804788052
eISBN:
9780804791076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804788052.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

From 1762 on, imperial crises dovetailed with renewed fears of flooding in the City of Mexico. The response to both was a push to complete the open trench and a drive by Bourbon officials to reform ... More


The Guaraní and Their Missions: A Socioeconomic History

Julia J.S. Sarreal

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804785976
eISBN:
9780804791229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785976.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Under Jesuit management, the Guaraní missions of the Río de la Plata region of South America were the largest and most prosperous of all the Catholic missions established to convert, acculturate, and ... More


End of an Era

Julia J. S. Sarreal

in The Guaraní and Their Missions: A Socioeconomic History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804785976
eISBN:
9780804791229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785976.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter 4 explores how the Guaraní missions contributed to the Jesuit expulsion from Portuguese, French, and Spanish territory in the second half of the eighteenth century. The chapter starts by ... More


Viceroy of New Spain

Gonzalo M. Quintero Saravia

in Bernardo de Gálvez: Spanish Hero of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640792
eISBN:
9781469640815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640792.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

On May 25, 1785, Bernardo de Gálvez arrived in New Spain as acting viceroy, and was confirmed shortly afterwards. Upon his arrival Gálvez adopted a new style of governance which made him very popular ... More


Staying Afloat: Risk and Uncertainty in Spanish Atlantic World Trade, 1760-1820

Jeremy Baskes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785426
eISBN:
9780804786355
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785426.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Early modern, long-distance trade was fraught with risk and uncertainty, driving merchants to seek means to reduce them. In the traditional historiography on Spanish colonial trade, the role of risk ... More


The Mail in Time: Moving Documents 

Sylvia Sellers-García

in Distance and Documents at the Spanish Empire's Periphery

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804787055
eISBN:
9780804788823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787055.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Tracing the early history of the mail system in colonial Guatemala, this chapter demonstrates that the rate and reach of communication changed dramatically in the eighteenth century. The reforms ... More


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