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The Old Bolsheviks, Socialist Construction, and the Purges, 1923–1937

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

After 1923 the size of the Central Committee increased, but membership was still overwhelmingly made up of pre‐1917 party members or Old Bolsheviks. The system of ‘job‐slot representation’ quickly ... More


Bankers and Bolsheviks

Hassan Malik

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691170169
eISBN:
9780691185002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691170169.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Following an unprecedented economic boom fed by foreign investment, the Russian Revolution triggered the worst sovereign default in history. This book tells the dramatic story of this boom and bust, ... More


The Frontier Wars, 1918–1920

Alexander V. Prusin

in The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The chapter analyses the causes and dynamics of the frontier wars fought in the borderlands between the Bolshevik revolution and the end of the Soviet‐Polish war in the fall of 1920. These wars were ... More


Revolutionary Default

Hassan Malik

in Bankers and Bolsheviks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691170169
eISBN:
9780691185002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691170169.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on the 1918 Bolshevik default—the largest in history—and the continuation of the financial struggle by the Bolsheviks after the October Revolution from the perspective of both ... More


Conclusion

Hassan Malik

in Bankers and Bolsheviks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691170169
eISBN:
9780691185002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691170169.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter explains that both the Bolshevik Revolution and the subsequent default were intertwined and historically contingent. They emerged from a particular set of historical ... More


Going East: Friends and Enemies

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union, 1921–1941

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199794577
eISBN:
9780199932245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter contrasts the Soviet relationship with prominent visitors who were ideological sympathizers with little-known, covert Soviet outreach to far-right nationalists, German “National ... More


Bukharin as an Economist

Alec Nove

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter suggests that Bukharin was one of the few Bolsheviks familiar with ‘bourgeois’ economics. It considers The Political Rentier (1914), in which he counterposed the labour theory of value ... More


Conclusion

Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern

in Lenin's Jewish Question

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300152104
eISBN:
9780300168600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300152104.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on Vlamidir Lenin's genealogical and political connections to the East European Jews. It explains the Lenin hardly cared about Jews at all and he ... More


Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR

Adeeb Khalid

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454097
eISBN:
9781501701351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454097.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This book chronicles the tumultuous history of Central Asia in the age of the Russian revolution. Traumatic upheavals—war, economic collapse, famine—transformed local society and brought new groups ... More


Club Red: Vacation Travel and the Soviet Dream

Diane P. Koenker

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451539
eISBN:
9780801467738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451539.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The Bolsheviks took power in Russia in 1917 armed with an ideology centered on the power of the worker. From the beginning, however, Soviet leaders also realized the need for rest and leisure within ... More


Paramilitary Violence in Russia's Civil Wars, 1918–1920 1

William G. Rosenberg

in War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654918
eISBN:
9780191744273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654918.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This chapter explores the origins, forms and consequences of paramilitary violence in the Russian Civil War. Dealing with a case study of particular brutality and intensity, Rosenberg analyses the ... More


The Missing Party: The Soviet Union and the Post-War Settlements

Lord Bullock and William Deakin

in The Lights that Failed: European International History 1919-1933

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221142
eISBN:
9780191678417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221142.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The great outcasts of the post-war world were the Bolsheviks, the new and still very much provisional rulers of the vast Russian state. None of the Allied powers welcomed their seizure of power on 7 ... More


Factory and Soviet Elections

Mary McAuley

in Bread and Justice: State and Society in Petrograd 1917-1922

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219828
eISBN:
9780191678387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219828.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

To the Bolsheviks it was clear that the socialist revolutionaries (SRs) had won a majority in the Constituent Assembly because they had gained the votes of sometimes misguided, sometimes backward ... More


Practicing Stalinism: Bolsheviks, Boyars, and the Persistence of Tradition

J. Arch Getty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300169294
eISBN:
9780300198850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169294.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

In old Russia, patron/client relations, “clan” politics, and a variety of other informal practices spanned the centuries. Government was understood to be patrimonial and personal rather than legal, ... More


The Revolution, 1917–1919

Laurence Senelick and Sergei Ostrovsky

in The Soviet Theater: A Documentary History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300194760
eISBN:
9780300211351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300194760.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter describes various events in the history of Soviet theater and arts from 1917 to 1919. It shows that the Bolshevik Party and Soviet government sought to make the Russian cultural legacy ... More


The Great War: Site of Genocide or Signpost to its Future Enactment?

Levene Mark

in Devastation: Volume I: The European Rimlands 1912-1938

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683031
eISBN:
9780191763120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683031.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the national, geopolitical and psycho-cultural ramifications of the Great War both in terms of its immediate genocidal or near-genocidal consequences and its long-term impact. ... More


On the Ideological Front: The Russian Intelligentsia and the Making of the Soviet Public Sphere

Stuart Finkel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122411
eISBN:
9780300145076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122411.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Having emerged, exhausted but triumphant, from the bloody and divisive Russian Civil War, V. I. Lenin and his colleagues turned to eliminating perceived ideological foes from within. This book tells ... More


Introduction

Adeeb Khalid

in Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454097
eISBN:
9781501701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454097.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This introductory chapter examines the ideas of Central Asian Muslim intellectuals who led the establishment of Uzbekistan. This intelligentsia believed that revolution was a modality of change that ... More


Nationalizing the Revolution

Adeeb Khalid

in Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454097
eISBN:
9781501701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454097.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the Bolsheviks' aim to extend the Soviet's control over Turkestan. There were two reasons for this goal. Firstly, the region was a strategic position for revolutionizing “the ... More


The Long Road to Soviet Power

Adeeb Khalid

in Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454097
eISBN:
9781501701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454097.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses how Muslim Communists strengthened their control over Soviet and party institutions in Turkestan. They organized society along class lines by enforcing the dictatorship of the ... More


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