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Dictatorship of Dread

Jörg Baberowski

in Scorched Earth: Stalin's Reign of Terror

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300136982
eISBN:
9780300220575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300136982.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter describes Stalinism as a dictatorship of dread. It shows how Joseph Stalin's slave state destroyed and uprooted millions in a series of violent interventions that showed no regard for ... More


Principled and Personal Conflicts

J. Arch Getty

in Practicing Stalinism: Bolsheviks, Boyars, and the Persistence of Tradition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300169294
eISBN:
9780300198850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169294.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

Patrimonialism permeated Russian and Soviet cultures in a profound way. Patrimonialism won over bureaucracy, as the last chapter showed. This chapter shows that it came with a price: conflicts and ... More


The Bolshevik Gamble

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The so-called insurrection in October and November 1917 catapulted the Bolsheviks to power in Russia. The Russian Revolution, which began with the fall of the tsar in February 1917, led to a ... More


The Leader Cult

Sarah Davies and James Harris

in Stalin's World: Dictating the Soviet Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300182811
eISBN:
9780300184723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300182811.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter considers Stalin’s approach to his own burgeoning leader cult. The existence of the cult in a nominally Marxist, collectivist state created the potential for considerable ideological and ... More


Revolution and War Communism

C. J. Storella and A. K. Sokolov

in The Voice of the People

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112337
eISBN:
9780300189018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112337.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides background on the revolution and the civil war, presenting letters written by the peasantry to the Bolshevik Party and government leaders, expressing their discontent with ... More


Left Communism in the Revolutionary Era

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

“Left Communism” was a faction within the Communist Party in Russia. Adopting the principles of the Russian Revolution of 1917, Left Communism had a dogmatic commitment to Marxism and an idealistic ... More


The Working Class

Sarah Davies and James Harris

in Stalin's World: Dictating the Soviet Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300182811
eISBN:
9780300184723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300182811.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The chapter explores how Stalin dealt with long-standing Bolshevik ambivalence toward the “working class” (and, indeed, toward the whole concept of “class” itself). Without ever abandoning the ... More


Political Theory of Council Democracy from Bakunin to Luxemburg

Benjamin Ask Popp-Madsen

in Visions of Council Democracy: Castoriadis, Lefort, Arendt

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474456319
eISBN:
9781474496353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474456319.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The chapter reconstructs the intellectual history of council democracy from early anarchist interpretations of the Paris Commune over Karl Marx famous analysis of the Commune in The Civil War in ... More


Jews in Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union, 1921–1941

Antony Polonsky

in Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764395
eISBN:
9781800340763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764395.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes the situation of the Jews in Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union in the years between 1921 and 1941. Here, their victory in the civil war enabled the Bolsheviks to apply the ... More


Soviet Talk

Stephen Lovell

in How Russia Learned to Talk: A History of Public Speaking in the Stenographic Age, 1860-1930

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199546428
eISBN:
9780191874536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199546428.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter describes the Bolsheviks’ creation of a new kind of public sphere in the 1920s. Although intolerant of opposition or dissent, they expected ordinary people to participate in routine ... More


Conclusion: Imperial Apocalypse

Joshua Sanborn

in Imperial Apocalypse: The Great War and the Destruction of the Russian Empire

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199642052
eISBN:
9780191774492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642052.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This chapter begins with an account of the early phases of the Russian Civil War, ending at the moment in August 1918 when the Bolsheviks surrendered Kazan. Russia was reduced to a small rump state ... More


A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science

Nikolai Krementsov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226454122
eISBN:
9780226454146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226454146.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the leadership of the Bolshevik party during its formative years, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) was a visionary. In two science fiction novels set on ... More


A Difficult Balance

Antonio Negri

in Factory of Strategy: Thirty-Three Lessons on Lenin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146821
eISBN:
9780231519427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146821.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores some of the ambiguities in Vladimir Lenin’s manual entitled “Left-Wing” Communism, an Infantile Disorder, with particular emphasis on its main concern: striking a balance ... More


The Bolsheviks and the Intelligentsia

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The role of the Russian intelligentsia in the revolution has often been downplayed due to their alleged alienation from practical affairs, their commitment to some kind of abstract doctrine, and ... More


Soviet Culture

Sarah Davies and James Harris

in Stalin's World: Dictating the Soviet Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300182811
eISBN:
9780300184723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300182811.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The chapter considers how Stalin talked and wrote about the controversial subject of the role of artists and the arts in the USSR. It examines his efforts to justify a broad “Soviet” rather than a ... More


Stalin's World: Dictating the Soviet Order

Sarah Davies and James Harris

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300182811
eISBN:
9780300184723
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300182811.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Using the materials of Stalin’s personal archive, this book explores the dictator’s “vision” of the world. It considers his vision from two different but complementary perspectives. It begins by ... More


Leninism: The Instrument

George W. Breslauer

in The Rise and Demise of World Communism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197579671
eISBN:
9780197579701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197579671.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Lenin conceived of a “party of a new type” that would enshrine the principles of strict centralization and discipline: an “organizational weapon” geared toward building the base for revolution ... More


“And we began to live there in twenty-six square meters; there were thirteen of us”: Inna Aronovna Shikheeva-Gaister Inna Aronovna Shikheeva-Gaister Moscow Moscow April 19, 2005

Cathy A. Frierson

in Silence Was Salvation: Child Survivors of Stalin's Terror and World War II in the Soviet Union

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300179453
eISBN:
9780300210736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179453.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter describes the experiences of Inna Aronovna Gaister after her parents were arrested in 1937 during the Great Purge. Inna's parents were Jews who had joined the Bolshevik Party during the ... More


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