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Fragmenting Hominins and the Presencing of Early Palaeolithic Social Worlds

John Chapman and Bisserka Gaydarska

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter introduces the fragmentation premise — the idea that the deliberate breakage of a complete object and the re-use of the resultant fragments as new and separate objects ‘after the break’ ... More


Transport theory of nuclear collective motion

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter develops a quantal transport theory for non-linear nuclear collective motion, the coordinates of which are functionals of the nucleonic degrees of freedom, the latter being interpreted ... More


Goods and Processes

John Hicks

in Capital and Time: A Neo-Austrian Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198772866
eISBN:
9780191596414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198772866.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses the theoretical rationale behind the book and presents an overview of its three parts. Part I introduces a method called ‘neo-Austrian’, based on the ‘Austrian theory of ... More


Traverse Again: The Austrian Method

John Hicks

in Methods of Dynamic Economics

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198772873
eISBN:
9780191596438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198772874.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter considers a method that is concerned with structure, with structural rigidities, and with Traverse; but the rigidities which it emphasizes are different from its predecessor. When the ... More


De Broglie–Bohm Pilot‐Wave Theory: Many Worlds in Denial?

Antony Valentini

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter replies to claims that the pilot-wave theory of de Broglie and Bohm is really a many-worlds theory with a superfluous configuration appended to one of the worlds. Assuming that ... More


Reply to Valentini, ‘De Broglie–Bohm Pilot‐Wave Theory: Many Worlds in Denial?’

Harvey Brown

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The reality of the patterns in the wave-function representing different worlds is not like that of locality and the uncertainty relations, which hold only for the equilibrium distribution. Nor, in ... More


Can the World be Only Wavefunction?

Tim Maudlin

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

A common understanding of both the many-worlds theory and the original version of the GRW theory holds that they are ontologically monistic, postulating only the existence of the wavefunction and ... More


Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Thomas Ihn

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents the physics of semiconductor nanostructures with emphasis on their electronic transport properties. At its heart are five fundamental transport phenomena: quantized conductance, ... More


The Elusive Distinction Between Mathematics and Natural Science

Michael D. Resnik

in Mathematics as a Science of Patterns

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250142
eISBN:
9780191598296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250142.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

It is commonly believed that the epistemology of mathematics must be different from the epistemology of science because their objects are different in kind, i.e. metaphysically different. In this ... More


Interference effects in nanostructures I

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The interference of electron waves in nanostructures adds clear fingerprints of quantum mechanical behavior to electronic transport in semiconductor nanostructures. This chapter discusses the ... More


Physics in terms of differential forms

Reinhold A. Bertlmann

in Anomalies in Quantum Field Theory

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507628
eISBN:
9780191706400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507628.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter applies the mathematical formalism developed in Chapter 2 — essentially differential geometry and topology — to specific examples in physics. It begins with the familiar example of ... More


Selecting A Branch

Jeffrey Alan Barrett

in The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199247431
eISBN:
9780191697661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247431.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses how one might add a physical quantity to the usual quantum-mechanical state description in order to account for the determinate measurement records. It explains that the value ... More


Probabilities in Realist Views of Quantum Mechanics

Christopher G. Timpson

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines probabilities in views that take a realist stance on quantum mechanics, i.e., the Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber (GRW) theory, the Bohm theory and the Everett interpretation. The GRW ... More


Can the World Beshown to be Indeterministic after all?

Christian Wüthrich

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is the world deterministic and can we ever know whether it is or is not so? This chapter critically evaluates recent results that bear on these issues, and points out the relation to probabilities. ... More


Introduction

Michael Epperson

in Quantum Mechanics and the Philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823223190
eISBN:
9780823235551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823223190.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter intends to give a brief background to quantum mechanics and Alfred North Whitehead's cosmology. Several interpretations in quantum mechanics were found to be ... More


Applications of path integrals

Efstratios Manousakis

in Practical Quantum Mechanics: Modern Tools and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749349
eISBN:
9780191813474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749349.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses some applications of path integrals. First, it illustrates how their qualitative use can yield insights. As an example, it applies it to the so-called Bohm–Aharonov effect. ... More


Quantum interference effects

Tero T. Heikkilä

in The Physics of Nanoelectronics: Transport and Fluctuation Phenomena at Low Temperatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199592449
eISBN:
9780191747618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592449.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the main quantum interference effects on electron transport besides the resonant tunnelling and quantized conductance described in Chapter 3. These are the Aharonov-Bohm ... More


The Cosmic “It”: The Abstract Being of the Intellectuals

Gananath Obeyesekere

in The Awakened Ones: Phenomenology of Visionary Experience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153621
eISBN:
9780231527309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153621.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with Plotinus (204–76 ce), whose thinking provides a bridge linking the two traditions of Buddhism and Christianity. Plotinus believed in a doctrine of rebirth, thereby showing an ... More


Case Study: Teleportation

Christopher G. Timpson

in Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199296460
eISBN:
9780191741791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296460.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The value of recognising the status of ‘information’ as an abstract noun is illustrated by way of application to the analysis of quantum teleportation. It is argued that when one notes that ‘the ... More


Scientific Exchanges between the United States and Brazil in the Twentieth Century: Cultural Diplomacy and Transnational Movements

Olival Freire Jr. and Indianara Silva

in How Knowledge Moves: Writing the Transnational History of Science and Technology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226605852
eISBN:
9780226606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226606040.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with the transnational movement of scientists, mostly physicists, between Brazil and the United States that began in World War II and continued through the Cold War and the ... More


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