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Climate, fever, and medicine before 1700

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part I begins by taking stock of European theories of fever, and of the importance of the work of the Hippocratic revival, particularly as reflected in the work of Sydenham, ... More


‘Accidents of the air’: Sydenham and Boerhaave in the tropics

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 2 shows how British practitioners, many from Dissenting backgrounds or trained at the University of Edinburgh, sought to apply the insights of Sydenham and Boerhaave to their work on disease ... More


Inflamed bodies

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part II examines therapeutic practices in the tropics during the early years of the British presence in India and the Caribbean. It begins by examining the legacy of Portuguese ... More


Mid‐Eighteenth‐Century Materialism

Ann Thomson

in Bodies of Thought: Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199236190
eISBN:
9780191717161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236190.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

A discussion of mid 18th‐century materialism, as seen mainly in the works of La Mettrie and in Diderot's early works, against the background of contemporary medical and biological thought. It begins ... More


The Chronic Disease of Melancholy: Boerhaave

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Herman Boerhaave's discussion of melancholy. Boerhaave was a Dutch physician and humanist who lived between 1668 and 1738. Based in Leiden, a renowned medical center of that ... More


Animal Spirit in Action

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the changes and elaboration of the animal spirit doctrine by the foremost biomedical thinkers of the 18th century. It reviews Georg Ernst Stahl's animistic ideas, which were ... More


Terror and Medicine

Ronald Schechter

in A Genealogy of Terror in Eighteenth-Century France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226499574
eISBN:
9780226499604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226499604.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Eighteenth-century medical writers added luster to the word “terror” by crediting the emotion with the ability to cure diseases, alleviate symptoms or impart great physical strength. Among the ... More


The Gestation of German Biology

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There is need for history of eighteenth-century biology, especially concerning German developments in that era. German approaches to the life sciences have suffered continual disparagement by ... More


Making Life Science Newtonian: Albrecht von Haller’s Self-Fashioning as Natural Scientist

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Albrecht von Haller became the most important German life-scientist of the eighteenth century. Tracing his intellectual self-fashioning therefore provides crucial insight into the gestation of ... More


Introduction

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Herman Boerhaave committed his professional life to enhancing and expanding the medical curriculum at the University of Leiden. His steady stream of publications and numerous students made him the ... More


Medicine as a Calling

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the development of Herman Boerhaave's basic approach to medicine and chemistry by reviewing his education as a student at the University of Leiden and then his early program ... More


Didactic Chemistry in Leiden

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers the origins of the didactic tradition in chemistry beginning with Andreas Libavius. It also challenges the Owen Hannaway thesis, indicating that didactic chemistry did not ... More


The Institutes of Chemistry

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates how the theory related to both academic pedagogy and the didactic tradition. It examines the origin and structure of Herman Boerhaave's lecture course, focusing on the ... More


Chemistry in the Medical Faculty

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers the various ways in which Herman Boerhaave integrated chemistry into his medicine and investigates the ramifications for both fields. It also analyzes how he defined the place ... More


Instruments and the Experimental Method

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores Herman Boerhaave's reasons for adopting the new style of presentation, which aimed to illustrate theoretical principles in action and explain the experimental methodology ... More


Philosophical Chemistry

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reports the Elementa Chemiae as both a synthetic and expanded version of all of Herman Boerhaave's previous chemistry courses. It explores Boerhaave's opinion of the work of three ... More


From Alchemy to Chemistry

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with Herman Boerhaave's experimental work in transmutational alchemy and the composition of metals, and reviews his published conclusions from his alchemical work “De Mercurio ... More


: Boerhaave's Legacy

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Herman Boerhaave saw the reform of medicine and chemistry, especially his campaigns against what he took to be erroneous approaches, as his primary achievement. His method was essentially his ideal ... More


Heat in the Eighteenth Century

Jennifer Coopersmith

in Energy, the Subtle Concept: The discovery of Feynman's blocks from Leibniz to Einstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716747
eISBN:
9780191800955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716747.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

Connections between ‘airs’ and heat emerged. Hales, in Vegetable Staticks, liberated ‘airs’ on heating various substances, and concluded that there was a repulsive force in ‘elastick air’. This was ... More


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