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The Decision to Use Fire

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Board of Health decided on New Year's Eve that quarantine alone would not eradicate bubonic plague from Honolulu. Following a suggestion from civilian power-broker Lorrin Thurston, and acting on ... More


The Last Whig Government, 1846–1852

Peter Mandler

in Aristocratic Government in the Age of Reform: Whigs and Liberals 1830-1852

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217817
eISBN:
9780191678288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217817.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Viewed from the outside, the prospects for a Whig government did not look good in 1846. The Whig party's will to resist coalition with the Peelites seemed very weak, as its liberal wing had grown ... More


The Triumvirate Struggles On

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Hawaiian Medical Society remained divided over the Board of Health's bacteriology-based policies. Experimental vaccines offered little help against cases of bubonic plague. Disputes arose between ... More


The Government's Plague Fighters

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter introduces and offers background on the principal medical figures involved in this drama: Nathaniel B. Emerson, Francis R. Day, and Clifford B. Wood, the three American-trained ... More


December's Debates and “a Sad Christmas Present”

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The quarantine policy stirred personal rivalries and fanned dissension among members of the Hawaiian Medical Society, not all of whom believed that bacteriology could prove the presence of bubonic ... More


Public Health Policy and the “Great Doctors' Meeting”

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The fire policy rekindled dissension within the Hawaiian Medical Society, which initially voted no confidence in the Board of Health. Those favoring traditional sanitation approaches to public health ... More


Fighting with Fire

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Beginning New Year's Day 1900, whenever anyone died of bubonic plague, surviving residents of the same building were relocated to detention camps for surveillance and the building itself was burned. ... More


The Frustrations of Mopping Up

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Board of Health expanded its fire policy to Kahului's Chinatown on the island of Maui, and continued to deal with a divided Hawaiian Medical Society and a hostile Citizens' Sanitary Commission in ... More


From outdoor relief to home assistance

Donnacha Seán Lucey

in The End of the Irish Poor Law?: Welfare and healthcare reform in revolutionary and independent Ireland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719087578
eISBN:
9781526104014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087578.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the reform of the poor law in the early years of the Irish Free State. It highlights that despite the closure of workhouses principles of deterrence still permeated official ... More


Detention Camps

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Board of Health housed refugees from the Chinatown fire in large detention camps, where racial and ethnic dissension forced residential segregation.


The Arrival of Pestis

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Cases of grave illness began to appear in December 1899 among members of Honolulu's sharply divided Chinese community. Traditional Chinese healers denied the existence of bubonic plague and concealed ... More


Quarantine

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

On December 13, the Board of Health imposed a quarantine around the Chinatown district of Honolulu along with a mandatory clean-up inside it. This brought hardship to those confined and evoked ... More


1848–1858: Radicals, Palmerstonians, and Protectionists

John Prest

in Liberty and Locality: Parliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201755
eISBN:
9780191675003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the passage of the Local Government Act of 1858, which abolished the General Board of Health. The drafting of a Bill to amend the Public Health Act of 1848 in such a way as to ... More


‘This Complete and Excellent Act’, The Isle of Wight, The Huddersfield District, and The Local Government Act

John Prest

in Liberty and Locality: Parliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201755
eISBN:
9780191675003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.003.0021
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the Local Government Act of 1858. It was a versatile piece of legislation, which could be adopted by any representative council, or body of commissioners, and places which ... More


Outline

John Prest

in Liberty and Locality: Parliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201755
eISBN:
9780191675003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the various methods employed by the localities and centre of the Isle of Wight to deal with problems of town improvement and public health. Four towns — Newport, West Cowes, ... More


The Intellectual Politics Of Filth

Owen Whooley

in Knowledge in the Time of Cholera: The Struggle over American Medicine in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226017464
eISBN:
9780226017778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017778.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the establishment of the Metropolitan Board of Health of New York City and the rise of public health prior to the 1866 cholera epidemic. The board ushered in a period of ... More


The Burning of Chinatown

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

On January 20, 1900, freak winds turned the burning of a small plague site into a major conflagration. In a matter of hours, the fire spread from the area around Kaumakapili Church throughout the ... More


Accommodation, Adaptation, and Resistance to Leprosy and the Law

Kerri A. Inglis

in Ma'i Lepera: Disease and Displacement in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834845
eISBN:
9780824871383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834845.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter considers the ways Hawaiians and those afflicted with the disease resisted the 1865 Act to Prevent the Spread of Leprosy and its application. At the same time the chapter reveals Western ... More


Empire, Federalism, and the Surprising Fall of Yellow Fever

Werner Troesken

in The Pox of Liberty: How the Constitution Left Americans Rich, Free, and Prone to Infection

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226922171
eISBN:
9780226922195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922195.003.0006
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter argues that the rise and fall of yellow fever in the United States was the result of a constellation of American political institutions and ideologies. While it is true that even during ... More


Living with Disease and Death at Makanalua

Kerri A. Inglis

in Ma'i Lepera: Disease and Displacement in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834845
eISBN:
9780824871383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834845.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter deals directly with life in the leprosy settlement—with the daily onslaught of disease and death—in a supposedly isolated environment. The physical environment was difficult for those ... More


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