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Integration Interrupted: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White after Brown

Karolyn Tyson (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736447
eISBN:
9780199943951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736447.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

An all-too-popular explanation for why black students aren't doing better in school is their own use of the “acting white” slur to ridicule fellow blacks for taking advanced classes, doing ... More


Oral Arguments in a Landmark Case

Lawrence S. Wrightsman

in Oral Arguments Before the Supreme Court: An Empirical Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195368628
eISBN:
9780199867554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368628.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954) is used as an example of the role of the oral arguments in deciding a case. A chronology of the case's development is provided. Excerpts from the oral ... More


Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction

Clive Webb (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177862
eISBN:
9780199870189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

On May 17, 1954, in Brown v. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. When the court failed to specify a clear ... More


 Mission Runs Aground and Webb's Final Years

Umar F. Abd‐Allah

in A Muslim in Victorian America: The Life of Alexander Russell Webb

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187281
eISBN:
9780199784875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187288.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter focuses on the financial difficulties of Webb's mission and his final years. Webb's participation in the Parliament of Religions was the high point of his American Islamic Propaganda. He ... More


Muscular Democracy: Teachers and the War on Prejudice, 1940–1950

in Uncivil Rights: Teachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226660714
eISBN:
9780226660738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter explains the start of the race progress efforts of teachers in 1942 and the ways in which other union policies regarding schools and race were influenced by these efforts. The aftermarth ... More


The Battle for Educational Equality in the Postwar New South

Brandon K. Winford

in John Hervey Wheeler, Black Banking, and the Economic Struggle for Civil Rights

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178257
eISBN:
9780813178264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178257.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

Chapter 3 examines how the legal phase of the civil rights movement came together as World War II ended. It highlights Wheeler’s postwar activism and involvement in the battle for black educational ... More


Introduction: Desegregation Without Integration

Karolyn Tyson

in Integration Interrupted: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White after Brown

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736447
eISBN:
9780199943951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736447.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Education

The Supreme Court's decision in the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education was supposed to eliminate school segregation. Brown promised more than desegregation; the decision also promised integration. ... More


“No, Not One”: Georgia’s Massive Resistance and the Crisis at Athens

Robert Mickey

in Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133386
eISBN:
9781400838783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines how the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education sparked a crisis over the desegregation of the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens. On the eve of Brown, ... More


Confronting School and Residential Segregation during the Cold War

Tracy E. K’Meyer

in Civil Rights in the Gateway to the South: Louisville, Kentucky, 1945-1980

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125398
eISBN:
9780813135274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125398.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on educational and housing segregation prevailing during the period. It notes that the U.S. Supreme Court had issued the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas ruling, ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Desegregation Paradigm

Elizabeth Todd-Breland

in Political Education: Black Politics and Education Reform in Chicago since the 1960s

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469646589
eISBN:
9781469647173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646589.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter analyzes the history of desegregation strategies pursued in Chicago and the processes by which those strategies fell out of favor. The chapter situates these developments within the ... More


How Constitutional Theory Found its Soul: The Contributions of Ronald Dworkin

Rebecca L. Brown

in Exploring Law's Empire: The Jurisprudence of Ronald Dworkin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546145
eISBN:
9780191706462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546145.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Like rain falling to a parched earth, Ronald Dworkin's early work lighted upon a field of constitutional thought desiccated by embarrassment over Brown v. Board of Education. From a distance of a ... More


“Integration with Dignity”: South Carolina Navigates the Clemson Crisis

Robert Mickey

in Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133386
eISBN:
9781400838783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines how the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education sparked a crisis over the desegregation of Clemson College in South Carolina. Prior to Brown, South Carolina's ... More


Judicial Methodology, Southern School Desegregation, and the Rule of Law

David S. Tatel

in The Embattled Constitution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814770122
eISBN:
9780814762806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814770122.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the path of school desegregation following the Supreme Court's landmark 1954 ruling in Brown v. Board of Education and its 1968 decision holding that states have an affirmative ... More


Crusading for Civil Rights

Clarence Taylor

in Reds at the Blackboard: Communism, Civil Rights, and the New York City Teachers Union

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152693
eISBN:
9780231526487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152693.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the New York City Teachers Union's (TU) campaigns to eliminate racist and bigoted textbooks from classrooms, hire more black teachers, and promote Black History Month. By the ... More


The Founding and Maintenance of Southern Enclaves, 1890–1940

Robert Mickey

in Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133386
eISBN:
9781400838783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the founding and maintenance of southern authoritarian enclaves during the period 1890–1940. It interprets the post-1890s South as a set of stable enclaves of authoritarian ... More


Fade to Brown

Steve Estes

in Charleston In Black and White: Race and Power in the South after the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622323
eISBN:
9781469624921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622323.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks to both the courtroom and the schoolroom to determine why segregation still existed in some American schools half a century after the watershed Brown v. Board of Education decision ... More


“A War for the Minds and Futures of Our Negro and Puerto Rican Children”: The Bibuld Family's Fight to Desegregate Brooklyn's Public Schools

Brian Purnell

in Fighting Jim Crow in the County of Kings: The Congress of Racial Equality in Brooklyn

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813141824
eISBN:
9780813142609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813141824.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Two members of Brooklyn CORE, Elaine and Jerome Bibuld, became frustrated with the inadequate education their son received at his racially segregated public school, and asked Brooklyn CORE to address ... More


The Battle over School Desegregation

Andrew R. Highsmith

in Demolition Means Progress: Flint, Michigan, and the Fate of the American Metropolis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226050058
eISBN:
9780226251080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251080.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By the late 1960s, activists in Flint had formally challenged the racial exclusions embedded within community education. However, civil rights groups articulated a critique of de facto segregation ... More


Disestablishment from Blaine to Everson: Federalism, School Wars, and the Emerging Modern State

Thomas C. Berg

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Everson v. Board of Education decision raised two important issues: the historical meaning of the establishment clause and the “incorporation” of the Establishment Clause through the Due Process ... More


“No Task for the Amateur or Hothead”: Mississippi and the Battle of Oxford

Robert Mickey

in Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133386
eISBN:
9781400838783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, which struck down state-mandated segregation in public education, and its implications for southern authoritarian ... More


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