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A Critique of Expressivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the expressive/projective strategy, which covers a family of views with interrelated common themes. The two most highly developed themes, norm expressivism (defended by Allan ... More


The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Cheryl Misak and Huw Price (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The pragmatist approach to philosophical problems focuses on the role of disputed notions—for example, truth, value, causation, probability, necessity—in our practices. The insight at the heart of ... More


The Motive Power of Evaluative Concepts

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The focus here is on the emotivist/expressivist contention that normative concepts are constituted non-cognitively, by their motivational role. This chapter defends that contention against the ... More


Introduction

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces metaethical expressivism, explains its main sources of interest over earlier noncognitivist theories, and illustrates how it has been applied to many topics across all ... More


Thick Concepts and Internal Reasons

Ulrike Heuer

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his influential discussion of thick concepts Williams argues that the facts that make judgements, which apply thick concepts correctly, true, provide reasons for action — albeit only for the ... More


Anscombe on Spirit and Intention

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents a 2009 essay which reviews posthumously published papers of Elizabeth Anscombe. It draws attention to her energetic affirmation and explanatory illustration of the reality of ... More


Are Moral Beliefs Truth‐Apt?

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses expressivism as a form of moral skepticism that denies the truth-aptness of moral beliefs and judgments. It focuses on whether expressivists can solve the problem of embedding ... More


Biology and Ethics

Philip Kitcher

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines three programs that aim to use biological insights in support of philosophical positions in ethics: Aristotelian approaches found, for example, in Thomas Hurka and Philippa ... More


Sensibility Theory and Projectivism

Justin D'Arms and Daniel Jacobson

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the debate between contemporary projectivists or expressivists (such as Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard), and the advocates of sensibility theory (most notably John McDowell ... More


On the Source of Necessity

Ross P. Cameron

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Simon Blackburn posed a dilemma for any realist attempt to identify the source of necessity. Either the facts appealed to ground modal truth are themselves necessary, or they are contingent. If ... More


‘The Alphabet of Our Liberty’: Lord Chief Justice Cockburn in the Old Bailey

R. W. Kostal

in A Jurisprudence of Power: Victorian Empire and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551941
eISBN:
9780191714320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551941.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on the content of and public reaction to the grand jury charge of Lord Chief Justice Cockburn in the case of The Queen v. Nelson and Brand. It closely examines the legal and ... More


‘The Most Law-Loving People in the World’: The Denouement of the Jamaica Litigation

R. W. Kostal

in A Jurisprudence of Power: Victorian Empire and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551941
eISBN:
9780191714320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551941.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

The legal program of the Jamaica Committee was founded on the premise that an English high court would seize on the private criminal prosecutions of Edward Eyre and Nelson and Brand to resolve the ... More


Supervenience and Causation

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259455.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Addresses two outstanding worries about ethical non‐naturalism. The first, developed primarily by Simon Blackburn, is that this form of moral realism cannot provide an adequate account of the ... More


Moral Metaphysics: Reality Unobserved

Paul Bloomfield

in Moral Reality

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The property of physical health is presented as a model for moral goodness, and a primer on being healthy follows. Healthiness is understood in terms of proper biological function. Conventionalism ... More


Alternatives to Realism: Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard

Angus Ritchie

in From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter evaluates the theory of ethics developed by Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard. It argues that their ‘moral quasi-realism’ cannot vindicate the fundamental ethical commitments which were ... More


” … take the book … and tell God to make them dead … “: Scripturalization as White Men's Hegemony

Vincent L. Wimbush

in White Men's Magic: Scripturalization as Slavery

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199873579
eISBN:
9780199949595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199873579.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 6 opens a window onto Equiano’s understanding and practice of the power that scripturalization represents.


Metaphysics

David Enoch

in Taking Morality Seriously: A Defense of Robust Realism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199579969
eISBN:
9780191729010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579969.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is a discussion of some distinct but related metaphysical worries about Robust Realism. The first is the most general worry associated with Mackie's argument from queerness. But this ... More


Mind-Independence without the Mystery: Why Quasi-Realists Can't Have it Both Ways

Sharon Street

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Quasi-realism about normativity is an ambitious attempt to have one's cake and eat it too in metaethics. The cake in question is an uncompromising naturalism that disavows anything metaphysically or ... More


Smile When You’re Winning: How to Become a Cambridge Pragmatist

Hallvard Lillehammer

in The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter traces the development of a particular current of thought known by the label ‘pragmatism’ during the last part of the twentieth century and at the beginning of the twenty-first, and ... More


The Status of the Police

Geoffrey Marshall

in Constitutional Conventions: The Rules and Forms of Political Accountability

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198762027
eISBN:
9780191695179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198762027.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

One characteristic feature of the history of policing in England has been its separation from the State in the sense of the central government. The end of the nineteenth century shows how local ... More


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