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The Challenge of Blackness: The Institute of the Black World and Political Activism in the 1970s

Derrick E. White

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037356
eISBN:
9780813041605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037356.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book examines how the Institute of the Black World (IBW), led by historian, theologian, and political activist Vincent Harding, mobilized Black intellectuals in identifying strategy to continue ... More


Introduction: The Art of Revolution

GerShun Avilez

in Radical Aesthetics and Modern Black Nationalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040122
eISBN:
9780252098321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040122.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This introductory chapter provides a background of Black Nationalism. Black Nationalism is a political philosophy that has played an integral part in African American social thought from the ... More


Walk the Way of Free Men: Malcolm X, Displaying the Original Man, and Troubling the Black Press as the Voice of the Race

D'Weston Haywood

in Let Us Make Men: The Twentieth-Century Black Press and a Manly Vision for Racial Advancement

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643397
eISBN:
9781469643410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643397.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reinterprets the rise of black radicalism as a moment of competing “voices” across competing mass medias amid rapid changes in the black freedom struggle and media landscape of the ... More


Freedomways, the Communist Party USA, and Black Freedom in the Post–Civil Rights Years

Sara Rzeszutek Haviland

in James and Esther Cooper Jackson: Love and Courage in the Black Freedom Movement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166254
eISBN:
9780813166735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166254.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

As the civil rights movement gave way to black nationalism, Black Power, and urban unrest, Freedomways and the Communist Party worked to navigate these changes. Jack remained committed to Party work ... More


Building Independent Black Institutions

Elizabeth Todd-Breland

in Political Education: Black Politics and Education Reform in Chicago since the 1960s

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469646589
eISBN:
9781469647173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646589.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the creation of independent Black educational institutions as another articulation and enactment of a Black self-determinist politics of Black achievement. This chapter ... More


Administering Poetic Breath for the People: Charles Olson and Amiri Baraka

Lisa Siraganian

in Modernism’s Other Work: The Art Object’s Political Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796557
eISBN:
9780199932542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796557.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter explores Charles Olson’s and Amiri Baraka’s various ways of letting the body into their writing. Olson’s Maximus (1960-1970), for example, equates fidelity to a viewer’s particular ... More


The Making of a Movement

Kenneth Robert Janken

in The Wilmington Ten: Violence, Injustice, and the Rise of Black Politics in the 1970s

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624839
eISBN:
9781469624853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624839.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

The growth of the movement in Wilmington was stimulated by the presence of organizations dedicated to breaking through the suffocating restrictions of paternalism that the white elite of North ... More


The Wilmington Ten: Violence, Injustice, and the Rise of Black Politics in the 1970s

Kenneth Robert Janken

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624839
eISBN:
9781469624853
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624839.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

The case of the Wilmington Ten is one of the most egregious instances of injustice and political repression from the post-World War II Black Freedom Struggle. In February 1971, racial tension ... More


Black Catholics and Black Power: Concerned Black Catholics and the Struggle for Self-Determination

Matthew J. Cressler

in Authentically Black and Truly Catholic: The Rise of Black Catholicism in the Great Migration

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781479841325
eISBN:
9781479815425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479841325.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter introduces the Black Catholic activists in Chicago who, inspired by Black Power and the Second Vatican Council, fought for the self-determination of Black Catholics in the Archdiocese of ... More


Introduction

INGRID MONSON

in Freedom Sounds: Civil Rights Call Out to Jazz and Africa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195128253
eISBN:
9780199864492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128253.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the purpose of the book, which focuses the arguments and debates that defined the scope of jazz as an aesthetic practice, a social community, and ... More


“You Will Not Be Able to Stay Home, [Sister]”

Joseph R. Fitzgerald

in The Struggle Is Eternal: Gloria Richardson and Black Liberation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813176499
eISBN:
9780813176529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176499.003.0011
Subject:
History, Social History

The chapter starts by describing Gloria Richardson’s new life in New York City, but the story quickly moves back to Cambridge, Maryland. There, in the summer of 1967, she facilitated Black Power ... More


Sources of Black Nationalism from the 1950s to the 1970s

Jeffrey Helgeson

in Crucibles of Black Empowerment: Chicago’s Neighborhood Politics from the New Deal to Harold Washington

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226130699
eISBN:
9780226130729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226130729.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter argues that the growing radicalism of black urban politics in the 1950s and 1960s reflected the long-term development of black nationalism as a product of direct experiences of ... More


Garvey Must Go: The Black Press and the Making and Unmaking of Black Male Leadership

D'Weston Haywood

in Let Us Make Men: The Twentieth-Century Black Press and a Manly Vision for Racial Advancement

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643397
eISBN:
9781469643410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643397.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reinterprets the New Negro era as an intense moment of jockeying for racial leadership among certain black male leaders and black male publishers in Harlem. This chapter argues that when ... More


The Dead End of Despair: Bayard Rustin, the 1968 New York School Crisis, and the Struggle for Racial Justice

Clarence Taylor

in Civil Rights in New York City: From World War II to the Giuliani Era

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823232895
eISBN:
9780823240876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823232895.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

Despite Bayard Rustin's long record at the forefront of the African American freedom struggle, in 1968 he distanced himself from black activists. The call for community control for both reflected and ... More


Designing the Future: Black in a Negro Company

Jonathan Fenderson

in Building the Black Arts Movement: Hoyt Fuller and the Cultural Politics of the 1960s

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780252042430
eISBN:
9780252051272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042430.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explores Hoyt Fuller’s work as the lead editor of Negro Digest, one of several magazines produced by Johnson Publishing Company (JPC). It recounts the magazine’s centrality to both the ... More


The Black Revolutionary Woman, 1966–1975

Ashley D. Farmer

in Remaking Black Power: How Black Women Transformed an Era

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469634371
eISBN:
9781469634388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634371.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 2 turns to the political identity of the “Black Revolutionary Woman,” created by women in the Black Panther Party. The most widely recognized organization of the Black Power movement; the ... More


Voice of Emigration

Nikki M. Taylor

in America's First Black Socialist: The Radical Life of Peter H. Clark

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813140773
eISBN:
9780813141428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813140773.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter Two examines Clark’s decision to embrace emigration as a response to the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law and the intractability of racism in America. The chapter documents his plans to participate in ... More


Rosa Guy, Haiti, and the Hemispheric Woman

Cheryl Higashida

in Black Internationalist Feminism: Women Writers of the Black Left, 1945-1995

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036507
eISBN:
9780252093548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036507.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter examines Rosa Guy's Black feminist and queer engagement with tropes and discourses of twentieth-century radical literature about Haitian Revolution generated by the U.S. occupation of ... More


Black Power Assaults the Black Newspaper

Fred Carroll

in Race News: Black Journalists and the Fight for Racial Justice in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041495
eISBN:
9780252050091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041495.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

The alternative black press grew in popularity and editorial stridency in the 1960s, prompting commercial publishers to try to steer the Black Power Movement into acceptable political channels. ... More


The Militant Negro Domestic, 1945–1965

Ashley D. Farmer

in Remaking Black Power: How Black Women Transformed an Era

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469634371
eISBN:
9781469634388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634371.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 1 begins in the late 1940s, and documents how postwar black women radicals collectively constructed the political identity of the “Militant Black Domestic.” Using their political tracts, ... More


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