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“Our Prison”: Kitchenettes, Carceral Power, and Black Masculinity during the Interwar Years

Rashad Shabazz

in Spatializing Blackness: Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039645
eISBN:
9780252097737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039645.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines how carceral power was articulated in the kitchenettes—small, tight, cramped spaces that many Black migrants in the Black Belt were forced to live in between World War I and ... More


Policing Interracial Sex: Mapping Black Male Location in Chicago during the Progressive Era

Rashad Shabazz

in Spatializing Blackness: Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039645
eISBN:
9780252097737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039645.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines how carceral power became a permanent fixture in Black Chicago during the Progressive Era. It documents the rise of policing in the Black Belt and shows how carceral power ... More


The Negro Question, the Woman Question, and the “Vital Link”: Histories and Institutions

Cheryl Higashida

in Black Internationalist Feminism: Women Writers of the Black Left, 1945-1995

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036507
eISBN:
9780252093548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036507.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter provides a history of Black internationalist feminism. It begins with the intertwinings of Black nationalist and Old Left movements in the interwar years, with special attention to the ... More


Black Internationalist Feminism: A Definition

Cheryl Higashida

in Black Internationalist Feminism: Women Writers of the Black Left, 1945-1995

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036507
eISBN:
9780252093548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036507.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This introductory chapter describes Black internationalist feminism. Black internationalist feminism challenged heteronormative and masculinist articulations of nationalism while maintaining the ... More


From Black Belt to Bronzeville

Elizabeth Schroeder Schlabach

in Along the Streets of Bronzeville: Black Chicago's Literary Landscape

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037825
eISBN:
9780252095108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037825.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter traces the complex interplay of race, geography, and cultural criticism that permeated the Renaissance as a whole. Beginning with the categorization of the neighborhood as the Black Belt ... More


The Negro Speaks of Rivers: Nature and Leisure in the Black Metropolis

Colin Fisher

in Urban Green: Nature, Recreation, and the Working Class in Industrial Chicago

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469619958
eISBN:
9781469619972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469619958.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter explores the formation of a “Black Metropolis” within Chicago by African Americans, who against the backdrop of racism wanted a land of their own. They used this metropolis to remember ... More


Alabama

Charlotte Adelman and Bernard L Schwartz

in Prairie Directory of North America: The United States, Canada, and Mexico

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195366945
eISBN:
9780190267759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195366945.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a historical background of Alabama's prairies followed by a list of prairies by county. Each site is briefly described, followed by symbols showing site features, a brief ... More


Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Mary G. Rolinson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson
Subject:
History, African-American History

The black separatist movement led by Marcus Garvey has long been viewed as a phenomenon of African American organization in the urban North. But as this book demonstrates, the largest number of ... More


Mississippi

Charlotte Adelman and Bernard L Schwartz

in Prairie Directory of North America: The United States, Canada, and Mexico

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195366945
eISBN:
9780190267759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195366945.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a historical background of Mississippi's prairies followed by a list of prairies by county. Each site is briefly described, followed by symbols showing site features, a brief ... More


Early Black Chicago Entrepreneurial and Business Activities from the Frontier Era to the Great Migration: The Nexus of Circumstance and Initiative

Christopher Robert Reed

in Building the Black Metropolis: African American Entrepreneurship in Chicago

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041426
eISBN:
9780252050022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041426.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter surveys the evolution of African American-owned businesses in Chicago from the mid-to-late nineteenth century until the early twentieth century. During the nineteenth century, the most ... More


Sharecroppers with Guns: Organizing the Black Belt

Harry Haywood and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

in A Black Communist in the Freedom Struggle: The Life of Harry Haywood

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679058
eISBN:
9781452947686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

In this chapter, Harry Haywood reflects on his work with the Sharecroppers Union to mobilize poor farmers in the deep, Black Belt South during the early 1930s. In the spring of 1933, Haywood ... More


Tennessee

Charlotte Adelman and Bernard L Schwartz

in Prairie Directory of North America: The United States, Canada, and Mexico

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195366945
eISBN:
9780190267759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195366945.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a historical background of Tennessee's prairies followed by a list of prairies by county. Each site is briefly described, followed by symbols showing site features, a brief ... More


Self Determination: The Fight for a Correct Line

Harry Haywood and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

in A Black Communist in the Freedom Struggle: The Life of Harry Haywood

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679058
eISBN:
9781452947686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

In this chapter, Harry Haywood talks about his role in the fight for the self-determination of all Blacks in the United States. Toward the end of 1927, N. Nasanov returned to the Soviet Union after a ... More


The Temple of Music

Thomas Bauman

in The Pekin: The Rise and Fall of Chicago's First Black-Owned Theater

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038365
eISBN:
9780252096242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038365.003.0002
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter focuses on the “Little Pekin,” a theater opened by Robert T. Motts in Chicago in 1904. Chicago's black population around 1900 could not be called segregated in the modern sense of the ... More


The Most Interesting Man I Met: From Hot Springs, Arkansas, to Tuskegee, Alabama

Jennifer Ritterhouse

in Discovering the South: One Man's Travels through a Changing America in the 1930s

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630946
eISBN:
9781469630960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630946.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on Daniels's encounter with Victor C. Turner Sr., who worked for the Negro Cooperative Extension System of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Turner's biography as a ... More


Moscow Bound

Gerald Horne

in Black Revolutionary: William Patterson and the Globalization of the African American Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037924
eISBN:
9780252095184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037924.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter studies Patterson's journey to Moscow. On November 14, 1927, Patterson was issued a U.S. passport and journeyed across the Atlantic for Moscow. His mission, as he put it, was to ... More


Welcome to Burke County

Loka Ashwood

in For-Profit Democracy: Why the Government Is Losing the Trust of Rural America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300215359
eISBN:
9780300235142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215359.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter describes the outcome of for-profit's rule in Burke County, Georgia. Burke County is what the US Department of Agriculture calls a persistent-poverty county, meaning that for the past ... More


Turning Point

Gerald Horne

in Black Revolutionary: William Patterson and the Globalization of the African American Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037924
eISBN:
9780252095184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037924.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter analyzes Patterson's remark that “today the oppressed Negro people is seeking integration,” and that “the Negro people are an oppressed nation.” These remarks reflect a bitter internal ... More


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