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Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Andreas Bolfing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Many online applications, especially in the financial industries, are running on blockchain technologies in a decentralized manner, without the use of an authoritative entity or a trusted third ... More


Introduction

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter gives an outline of Nakamoto’s main idea when introducing Bitcoin as first blockchain system in history of computer sciences. The scope of the book and its outline is described.


Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Philipp Hacker, Ioannis Lianos, Georgios Dimitropoulos, and Stefan Eich (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

This collection provides an in-depth analysis of the intersection between blockchain technology and the law. Covering EU, US, and Asian jurisdictions, it assesses the necessities of and opportunities ... More


Grounding Cryptocurrencies

Jack Parkin

in Money Code Space: Hidden Power in Bitcoin, Blockchain, and Decentralisation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197515075
eISBN:
9780197515112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197515075.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Political Economy

Chapter 6 documents a more specific and exploratory follow the thing research technique to uncover the digital-material architecture of Bitcoin. Treating the Bitcoin code as both a text and material, ... More


Cryptoassets: Legal, Regulatory, and Monetary Perspectives

Chris Brummer (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190077310
eISBN:
9780190077358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190077310.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Cryptoassets represent one of the most high-profile financial products in the world, and fastest growing financial products in history. From Bitcoin, Etherium, and Ripple’s XRP—so-called “utility ... More


Money Code Space: Hidden Power in Bitcoin, Blockchain, and Decentralisation

Jack Parkin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197515075
eISBN:
9780197515112
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197515075.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Political Economy

Newly emerging cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology present a challenging research problem in the field of digital politics and economics. Bitcoin—the first widely implemented cryptocurrency ... More


Ownership’s Uncertain Future

Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz

in The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035019
eISBN:
9780262335959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035019.003.0010
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

This chapter begins by considering the emergence of the sharing economy, which brings consumers cheaper access and convenience. But it also deprives consumers of some rights that are commonly ... More


Counting Bitcoin

Ed Finn

in What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035927
eISBN:
9780262338837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035927.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter uses the growing dominance of algorithmic high frequency trading in finance to frame a reading of Bitcoin and related cryptocurrencies. By defining the unit of exchange through ... More


Dogecoin

Sarah Jeong

Bill Maurer and Lana Swartz (eds)

in Paid: Tales of Dongles, Checks, and Other Money Stuff

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035750
eISBN:
9780262338332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035750.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Dogecoin—a Bitcoin-like cryptocurrency notable for its use of a meme of a bemused shibainu dog—is perhaps one of the most absurd and most adorable money experiments. The community around it was known ... More


Silver

Finn Brunton

in Paid: Tales of Dongles, Checks, and Other Money Stuff

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035750
eISBN:
9780262338332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035750.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This article is a field report on PorcFest, a libertarian festival. The festival is part of the Free State Project, which seeks to build a libertarian voting bloc in New Hampshire. Porcfest is also a ... More


Programming Politics

Jack Parkin

in Money Code Space: Hidden Power in Bitcoin, Blockchain, and Decentralisation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197515075
eISBN:
9780197515112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197515075.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Political Economy

Chapter 5 outlines the community of developers who have contributed to Bitcoin’s source code. Drawing from ethnographic data and existing political economy theorisations of cryptocurrencies, the ... More


Blockchains Are a Diamond’s Best Friend: Zelizer for the Bitcoin Moment

Bill Maurer

in Money Talks: Explaining How Money Really Works

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691168685
eISBN:
9781400885268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168685.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses Bitcoin and its underlying technology. Specifically, it addresses how new uses of that technology shed light on money as money of account. This bolsters the arguments of ... More


Cryptographic Applications

Keith M. Martin

in Everyday Cryptography: Fundamental Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198788003
eISBN:
9780191829956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788003.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter considers eight applications of cryptography. These essentially act as case studies relating to all the previous material. For each application, we identify the security requirements, ... More


Introduction to Blockchain Technology

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter gives an introduction to blockchain technology which was proposed by the pseudonymous Nakamoto (2008) with his well-known Bitcoin paper to enable online payments in a decentralized ... More


Bitcoin

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Bitcoin was proposed by Nakamoto (2008) as the first electronic payment system, which fully relies on cryptographic primitives in order to work over a purely peer-to-peer system, where everyone can ... More


Bitcoin Under Broken Crypto Primitives

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Bitcoin’s security relies solely on cryptographic primitives, namely on digital signatures, hash functions and Merkle trees. This chapter discusses the security of the Bitcoin system if some ... More


Next Steps

Chris Bleakley

in Poems That Solve Puzzles: The History and Science of Algorithms

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198853732
eISBN:
9780191888168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853732.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 13 investigates cryptocurrency and quantum computing. Bitcoin – the world’s first cryptocurrency - was released by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. Unlike conventional money, Bitcoin transactions ... More


Utopianism and the Future of Money

Nigel Dodd

in Re-Imagining Economic Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198748465
eISBN:
9780191814051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748465.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter argues that utopianism is a key feature of money, largely neglected by scholars. It explores examples of utopian thinking in which there is a central role for money as both the site and ... More


In Code(rs) We Trust: Software Developers as Fiduciaries in Public Blockchains

Angela Walch

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter addresses the myth of ‘decentralized governance’ of public blockchains, arguing that certain people who create, operate, or reshape them function much like fiduciaries of those who rely ... More


Old Utopias, New Tax Havens: The Politics of Bitcoin in Historical Perspective

Stefan Eich

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

Cryptocurrencies are frequently framed as future-oriented, technological innovations that decentralize money, thereby liberating it from centralized governance and the political tentacles of the ... More


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