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The North American Bison

George C. Frison

in Survival by Hunting: Prehistoric Human Predators and Animal Prey

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231900
eISBN:
9780520927964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231900.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the earliest North American bison based on paleontological and archaeological records. It explains that the first bison native to North America was Bison latifrons which is the ... More


American Bison: A Natural History

Dale Lott

Jan van Wagtendonk and Kevin Shaffer (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233386
eISBN:
9780520930742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233386.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

This book combines the latest scientific information and one man's personal experience in an homage to one of the most magnificent animals to have roamed America's vast, vanished grasslands. The book ... More


Nationalism, Nostalgia, and the Campaign to Save the Bison

in Nature's Ghosts: Confronting Extinction from the Age of Jefferson to the Age of Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226038148
eISBN:
9780226038155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226038155.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In early 1886, William Temple Hornaday, the chief taxidermist at the U.S. National Museum, had bison on the brain. A decade before, the species that had come to symbolize the Great Plains had been ... More


Conservation: Then and Now

Dale F. Lott

in American Bison: A Natural History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233386
eISBN:
9780520930742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233386.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Andy Hodge was the first superintendent of the National Bison Range, the first refuge created specifically to prevent wild bison from becoming extinct. Conservation then was mostly a matter of making ... More


Ancestors and Relatives

Dale F. Lott

in American Bison: A Natural History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233386
eISBN:
9780520930742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233386.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Every species has a history, and that history is a part of the species as much as an individual's history is a part of the individual. It both creates and limits the species' possibilities. This ... More


How Many?: The Bison Population in Primitive America

Dale F. Lott

in American Bison: A Natural History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233386
eISBN:
9780520930742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233386.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Bison bison became one of the most abundant large land animals of all time. This chapter addresses the question of how abundant it was before the European invasion of North America. There are no ways ... More


Pronghorn

Dale F. Lott

in American Bison: A Natural History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233386
eISBN:
9780520930742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233386.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

A pronghorn is picky — and has to be. Small bodies need less food, but they also need better food: more protein, fewer carbohydrates, less lignin. The pronghorns' perspective on forbs makes their ... More


Where It All Went Wrong

Benjamin Hoy

in A Line of Blood and Dirt: Creating the Canada-United States Border across Indigenous Lands

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197528693
eISBN:
9780197528723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197528693.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Violence across the Prairies helped to develop new ideas about border control and made them possible. Canadian and American conceptions of territory required erasing all other pre-existing forms of ... More


Effects of Grazing on Vegetation

Daniel G. Milchunas and William K. Lauenroth

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0020
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Grazing by large native ungulates and semiaridity are the two main forces that have had a large infuence in shaping the current-day structure of the shortgrass steppe ecosystem (Milchunas et al., ... More


The Agrarian Village World of the Ohio Valley Indians

Susan Sleeper-Smith

in Indigenous Prosperity and American Conquest: Indian Women of the Ohio River Valley, 1690-1792

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640587
eISBN:
9781469640600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640587.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Explores Indian women’s involvement in environmentally shaping the agrarian landscape of the almost-thousand-mile-long Ohio River valley. Women planted their crops in riverway bottomlands and ... More


A Future They Were Resolved to Achieve

Ryan Hall

in Beneath the Backbone of the World: Blackfoot People and the North American Borderlands, 1720-1877

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655154
eISBN:
9781469655178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655154.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on the period from 1848 to 1860, and in particular on the 1855 Blackfeet Treaty, a crucial turning point in Blackfoot history. The late 1840s and early 1850s saw the growing ... More


Effects of Grazing on Abundance and Distribution of Shortgrass Steppe Consumers

Daniel G. Milchunas and William K. Lauenroth

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0022
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Although livestock are the most obvious consumers on the shortgrass steppe, they are certainly not the only consumers. However, livestock may influence the other consumers in a number of different ... More


Paleoindian Zooarchaeology in Florida

Rochelle A. Marrinan

in New Directions in the Search for the First Floridians

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781683400738
eISBN:
9781683400875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400738.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter deals with acquiring food, specifically the animal portion of the diet, in the Paleoindian Period. The authors discuss the historical roots of the sub-field in detail. Locations noted in ... More


Indian Paths and Buffalo Traces

Karl Raitz and Nancy O’Malley

in Kentucky's Frontier Highway: Historical Landscapes along the Maysville Road

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813136646
eISBN:
9780813141343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136646.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Early paths across central Kentucky were established by buffalo (bison) and other animals as well as by members of prehistoric societies. Humans, present in Kentucky for at least 12,000 years before ... More


Land-Use History on the Shortgrass Steppe

Richard H. Hart

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

As described in chapter 1 of this volume, the grasslands of central North America began to expand at the end of the Wisconsin period (about 10,000 years BP), and continued their expansion through ... More


The Palaeolithic Rock Art of Creswell Crags: Prelude to a Systematic Study

Sergio Ripoll and Francisco J. Muñoz

in Palaeolithic Cave Art at Creswell Crags in European Context

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199299171
eISBN:
9780191917714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199299171.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

On 14 April 2003 the sensational discovery of a series of undoubtedly Palaeolithic figures in Church Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, certainly constituted a milestone in prehistoric investigations in ... More


Ecology of Mammals of the Shortgrass Steppe

Paul Stapp and Beatrice Van Horne

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

At first glance, the shortgrass steppe seems to offer little in the way of habitat for mammals. The expansive rolling plains, with little topographic relief or vegetative cover, provide minimal ... More


Cattle Grazing on the Shortgrass Steppe

Richard H. Hart and Justin D. Derner

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0021
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Cattle are the primary grazers on the shortgrass steppe. For example, during the late 1990s, 21 shortgrass counties in Colorado reported about 2.36 million cattle compared with 283,000 sheep ... More


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