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How Small Countries Negotiate Change Twenty‐Five Years of Policy Adjustment in Austria, the Netherlands, and Belgium

Anton Hemerijck, Brigitte Unger, and Jelle Visser

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Although Austria, the Netherlands, and Belgium are so seemingly alike in their tightly coupled, consociational, and corporatist democratic structures and in the “Bismarckian” origin of their welfare ... More


Adjusting Badly the German Welfare State, Structural Change, and the Open Economy

Philip Manow and Eric Seils

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Germany was comparatively successful in weathering the macroeconomic crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its industrial sector remained highly competitive throughout. Nevertheless, unemployment ... More


France Directing Adjustment?

Jonah D. Levy

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Bismarckian welfare state in France is financed by social security contributions to an even greater degree than is true in Germany. During the oil‐price crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, job ... More


The Changing Public–Private Pension Mix in Europe: From Path Dependence to Path Departure

Bernhard Ebbinghaus and Mareike Gronwald

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter by Ebbinghaus and Gronwald provides a comparative historical analysis mapping the cross-national institutional diversity in the evolution of pension systems in ten European countries. ... More


Belgium: The Paradox of Persisting Voluntarism in a Corporatist Welfare State

Johan J. De Deken

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Belgium's public–private pension mix can be considered a paradox: despite the conservative-corporatist welfare regime and rather limited Bismarckian social insurance for old age, voluntarist ... More


France: Promoting Funded Pensions in Bismarckian Corporatism?

Marek Naczyk and Bruno Palier

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Following the Bismarckian social insurance tradition, the post-war pension system of France has been characterized by occupational fragmentation, its strong reliance on pay-as-you-go financing, and ... More


Germany: Departing from Bismarckian Public Pensions

Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Mareike Gronwald, and Tobias Wiß

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter first reviews the emergence and change of the public–private pension mix in Germany, emphasizing the path-dependent but recent path-departing developments from the Bismarckian social ... More


Italy: From Bismarckian Pensions to Multipillarization under Adverse Conditions

Matteo Jessoula

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Italy, the move from a dominant public pension pillar based on a pay-as-you-go-financed Bismarckian social insurance towards a multipillar system is an instructive example of a ‘top-down’ process ... More


Facing the Pension Crisis in France

Gordon L. Clark

in Pension Security in the 21st Century: Redrawing the Public-Private Debate

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199261765
eISBN:
9780191601248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261768.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the pension problem in France. The French pension situation follows the path of most Bismarckian pension institutions; it has long maintained a relative status quo despite ... More


Turning Vice Into Vice:: How Bismarckian Welfare States have Gone from Unsustainability to Dualization 1

Bruno Palier

in The Politics of the New Welfare State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199645244
eISBN:
9780191745119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645244.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

This chapter traces the main and common characteristics of the reform trajectory followed by Continental European welfare systems. This trajectory can be divided into four main sequences. It then ... More


Before the War: Three Styles of Diplomacy

Alan Alexandroff

in The Next Great War?: The Roots of World War I and the Risk of U.S.-China Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028998
eISBN:
9780262326773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028998.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

In the aftermath of war three styles of diplomacy existed: one, the old balance of power of contending alliances; two, Woodrow Wilson’s reliance on the power of democratic opinion to keep nations in ... More


State Law and Administrative Law after the Nazi Seizure of Power

Michael Stolleis

in A History of Public Law in Germany 1914–1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199269365
eISBN:
9780191699399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269365.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The swift measures that followed the torchlight procession in Berlin on 30 January 1933, made it very clear that a continuation of politics under the Weimar Constitution was out of the question. With ... More


Free Choice of Unfunded Systems: A Preliminary Analysis of a European Union Challenge

Gabrielle Demange

in Pension Strategies in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062725
eISBN:
9780262272575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062725.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter discusses the survival of unfunded social security systems in European countries and its impact on efficiency, redistribution, and citizen’s welfare. It analyzes two countries with ... More


Evolving social policy languages in Spain: what did democracy and EU membership change?

Ana M. Guillén and David Luque

in Analysing social policy concepts and language: Comparative and Transnational Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447306443
eISBN:
9781447311607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306443.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The interest of the Spanish welfare state for analyzing the evolution of social policy language is derived precisely from its peculiar historical development. Social policy was initiated in Spain in ... More


Types of Social Protection

Pierre Pestieau and Mathieu Lefebvre

in The Welfare State in Europe: Economic and Social Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198817055
eISBN:
9780191858673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817055.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

There does not exist a single model forthe welfare state in Europe. Each country has its own model, which is the result of its political and social culture and of its economic evolution. There exist ... More


The Structural Adaptability of Bismarckian Social Insurance Systems in the Digital Age

Frank Nullmeier

in Digitalization and the Welfare State

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780192848369
eISBN:
9780191943652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192848369.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

What are the consequences of the rise of the platform economy for the welfare state? The current chapter seeks to answer this question for Bismarckian welfare institutions. Platform economies have a ... More


Austria

Carina Diesenreiter and Claus Wendt

in Health Politics in Europe: A Handbook

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198860525
eISBN:
9780191892561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860525.003.0028
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter offers an in-depth look at health politics and the compulsory health insurance system in Austria. It traces the development of the Austrian healthcare system, characterized by its ... More


France in the Middle

Jacques Le Cacheux and George Ross

in European Social Models From Crisis to Crisis: Employment and Inequality in the Era of Monetary Integration

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198717966
eISBN:
9780191787423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717966.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

France has been an “in between” case, neither prosperous nor declining, with a generous welfare state, strong employment protection, and modest income inequality. Elite values, the high political ... More


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