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The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Theresa Levitt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This work places revolutionary advances in light and optics in the cultural context of France in the first half of the 19th century. The narrative follows the work and careers of France's two chief ... More


Conclusion

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter draws together conclusions from the narratives from the main chapters of the book and summarizes the advances in light and optics that occurred in the first half of the 19th century in ... More


A New ‘Lyon School’ (1919–1939)? 1

Étienne Fouilloux

in Ressourcement: A Movement for Renewal in Twentieth-Century Catholic Theology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199552870
eISBN:
9780191731037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552870.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This essay seeks to indicate the existence of an original and fruitful school of Catholic thought in inter‐war Lyon. Its stated social Catholicism stopped it from condoning Charles Maurras’ Action ... More


Introduction

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The ‘optical revolution’ has long referred to the seminal moment in physical optics begun by Arago and Biot's work on the polarization of light. This book argues that the revolution was not confined ... More


A Revolution in Representation

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter covers two aspects of Arago and Biot's early career: their travels in the Balearic Islands to make meridian measurements, and their education in color theory at the École Polytechnique. ... More


Le Rouge et le Vert: The Colors of Opposition in Restoration France

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter covers the argument between Arago and Biot in the 1810s that solidified their scientific reputations. They are usually portrayed as fighting over rival theories of the nature of light: ... More


A Vital Matter: Light and Life

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter looks at the question of light and living bodies. Arago once again fashioned himself as a debunker, questioning the claims of the rising spiritualist movement that there exist previously ... More


Light Paints Itself: The Conditions of Photographic Representation

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Both Arago and Biot were central figures in the early history of photography in France. Each took up the side of one of the rival processes: Arago promoted Daguerre's silver plates and Biot Talbot's ... More


Illuminate All Eyes: Colonial Markets and the Problem of Freedom

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter examines the two men's involvement in colonial trade and slavery. Biot developed an optical device — the saccharimeter — that became a crucial part of the colonial sugar industry, used ... More


Electric Sounds

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0013
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Those who followed Leonhard Euler’s wave theory of light often re-engaged its relation to sound. The study of electricity and magnetism resonated with ongoing initiatives in light and sound, ... More


Linear poroelasticity

Lallit Anand and Sanjay Govindjee

in Continuum Mechanics of Solids

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198864721
eISBN:
9780191896767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864721.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the theory of linear poroelasticity. The formulation is modeled after the theory of Biot and has applications in geomechanics, petroleum engineering, and hydrogeology. Relations ... More


| 1802–03 | 1802–03 Ritter and the Napoleon Prize

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Volta's demonstration of his pile in front of the First Consul prompted the institution of the so-called Napoleon Prize awarding 60,000 Francs to a scientist advancing the galvanic science with a ... More


Static magnetic fields in vacuum

J. Pierrus

in Solved Problems in Classical Electromagnetism: Analytical and Numerical Solutions with Comments

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198821915
eISBN:
9780191861055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821915.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Wherever possible, an attempt has been made to structure this chapter along similar lines to Chapter 2 (its electrostatic counterpart). Maxwell’s magnetostatic equations are derived from Ampere’s ... More


Constant fields

Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan

in Relativity in Modern Physics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198786399
eISBN:
9780191828669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786399.003.0031
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews the basic ideas of electrostatics (Coulomb’s law) and magnetostatics (the Biot–Savart law). It studies the motion of a charge in a Coulomb field in detail. The chapter shows how ... More


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