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Seeking the Heart of Islam

Thomas F. Farr

in World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 8 is woven around the author's trip to Saudi Arabia six months prior to 9/11. There are two faces of Saudi Arabia: Mecca, the birthplace of Islam and the prophet Mohammed, and Riyadh in the ... More


Trans-state Muslim Movements and Militant Extremists in an Era of Soft Power

John O. Voll

in Religious Pluralism, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323405
eISBN:
9780199869237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323405.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

In a globalizing world, members of the same religious community, anchored in different parts of the world, have greater capacity to increase their cultural, social, and economic links with one ... More


Explaining September 11: The Oil Factor

Steve A. Yetiv

in The Petroleum Triangle: Oil, Globalization, and Terror

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450020
eISBN:
9780801463396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450020.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter analyzes what motivated the 9/11 attacks and what has motivated Al-Qaeda more broadly, with an eye toward answering a particular question: to what extent has Al-Qaeda been motivated by ... More


The Leadership Inspires a New Strategy

Michael W. S. Ryan

in Decoding Al-Qaeda's Strategy: The Deep Battle Against America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163842
eISBN:
9780231533270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163842.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter describes the relationship between Osama Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, with a focus on the development of a post-9/11 strategy, by examining al-Zawahiri's brief strategic template, ... More


Inside al-Qaʻida: The Ideological War

Sayed Khatab

in Understanding Islamic Fundamentalism: The Theological and Ideological Basis of al-Qa'ida's Political Tactics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789774164996
eISBN:
9781617971075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774164996.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter investigates the ongoing ideological war within al-Qa'ida. It focuses on the theo-political and ideological disputes between the main ideologues of global jihad, and looks, among other ... More


Radical Sheik

Charles Kurzman

in The Missing Martyrs: Why There Are So Few Muslim Terrorists

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199766871
eISBN:
9780199897414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766871.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Yasmin, in Cairo, heard about the attacks of 9/11 and felt fleeting satisfaction at the idea of America receiving its comeuppance. Zuhra, in Islamabad, considered Bin Laden larger than life. Murat, ... More


Decoding Al-Qaeda's Strategy: The Deep Battle Against America

Michael Ryan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163842
eISBN:
9780231533270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163842.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book provides an effective framework for analyzing al-Qaeda's plans against America and encourages strategists and researchers to devote greater attention to jihadi ideas rather than jihadist ... More


Containment on Steroids?: George W. Bush and Rogue State Rollback

Douglas Little

in Us versus Them: "The United States, Radical Islam, and the Rise of the Green Threat"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626802
eISBN:
9781469628042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626802.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

George W. Bush regarded economic globalization and democratic enlargement as insufficient to contain Iraq, Iran, and other “rogue states.” As a result, he stocked his administration with hard-line ... More


(Re)Imagining the Governance of Globalization

Richard Falk

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Part Three of the book turns to the question of international society and international relations after September 11, starting with a chapter by Richard Falk, who argues that international society ... More


Jacques Derrida's Language (Bin Laden on the Telephone)

Nicholas Royle

in In Memory of Jacques Derrida

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748632954
eISBN:
9780748671625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632954.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter describes the way Jacques Derrida writes as compared with certain other contemporaries. The title of this chapter alludes to a brief text called ‘Language (Le Monde on the Telephone)’. ... More


Bill Clinton and the Middle East: From “Enlargement” to “Dual Containment”

Douglas Little

in Us versus Them: "The United States, Radical Islam, and the Rise of the Green Threat"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626802
eISBN:
9781469628042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626802.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

With the demise of the red threat, Bill Clinton expected globalization to trump militarism and “enlarge” the area of freedom. America’s technological prowess and financial power would contain rogue ... More


Enraged Millennialism: Global Jihad (1400–1500 ah / 1979–2076 ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The chapter examines the role of apocalyptic in Islam. It begins with the mutation in Muslim apocalyptic literature at the approach of the year 2000, then goes back to Islamic origins as an ... More


Connections and Dynamics

Mariam Abou Zahab

in Pakistan: A Kaleidoscope of Islam

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197534595
eISBN:
9780197536186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534595.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter highlights transnational interactions that are exemplified by accounts of the interactions between Osama Bin Laden and Pakistani Sunni militant groups. It acknowledges the role of the ... More


Afghanistan (1978–1992) and Beyond

David Malet

in Foreign Fighters: Transnational Identity in Civic Conflicts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199939459
eISBN:
9780199333127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199939459.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the recruitment of the Arab Afghan volunteers in the 1980s war that led to the formation of both al Qaeda and the modern transnational jihadi Islamist movement. After the Soviet ... More


My West Bank Discovery

Max Abrahms

in Rules for Rebels: The Science of Victory in Militant History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198811558
eISBN:
9780191848438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811558.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents some preliminary evidence that terrorism does not pay politically in terms of pressuring government concessions. The author first came to this realization in the West Bank ... More


On Collection

Kjetil Anders Hatlebrekke

in The Problem of Secret Intelligence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780748691838
eISBN:
9781474465304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691838.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Blind belief in the force of history make intelligence operatives think that history repeats itself. But history, of course, never repeats itself. Nor do threats repeat themselves. However, they do ... More


A Saudi Sandstorm: Revolution, Rivalry, and Terrorism

Geoffrey F. Gresh

in Gulf Security and the U.S. Military: Regime Survival and the Politics of Basing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780804794206
eISBN:
9780804795067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804794206.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter studies the process that led to the Saudi decision to reestablish a U.S. military basing presence in 1990. Though Saudi Arabia maintained its partnership with the U.S. military ... More


The War/Crime Narrative and Fear Content in Leader Rhetoric About Terrorism

Krista De Castella and Craig McGarty

in The Political Psychology of Terrorism Fears

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199925926
eISBN:
9780199380664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925926.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The current chapter considers fear arousing content in the terrorism-related rhetoric of former American President George W. Bush, British Prime Minister Tony Blair, and Australian Prime Minister ... More


Lord, Make Them Leave—But Not Yet

Andrew Small

in The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia's New Geopolitics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190210755
eISBN:
9780190235703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210755.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins by describing how US drones eliminated many of China’s most wanted Muslim separatists in Pakistan beginning in 2009. The chapter describes how China’s general strategy has been ... More


Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World

Claire Finkelstein, Jens David Ohlin, and Andrew Altman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646470
eISBN:
9780191738975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646470.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

The war on terror is remaking conventional warfare. The protracted battle against a non-state organization, the demise of the confinement of hostilities to an identifiable battlefield, the extensive ... More


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