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New Theological Strategies

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0024
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

No other part of Spinoza's assault on authority, tradition, and faith proved so generally disquieting as his Bible criticism. His principles of Bible hermeneutics seemed to threaten the very ... More


How Did Spinoza Declare War on Theology and Theologians?

Jonathan Israel

in Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age: God's Word Questioned

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198806837
eISBN:
9780191844379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806837.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Israel argues that Spinoza’s biblical criticism revolutionized the discipline by combining a historical-critical approach with a philosophical demonstration. It eradicated supernatural agency and ... More


Reading Herem from the Dawn of the Enlightenment until Today

Christian Hofreiter

in Making Sense of Old Testament Genocide: Christian Interpretations of Herem Passages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198810902
eISBN:
9780191848032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810902.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter reviews more recent examples of the reception of herem texts and demonstrates that many if not all of the ancient and medieval approaches to reading herem as Christian scripture continue ... More


Dissenting Readings

Christian Hofreiter

in Making Sense of Old Testament Genocide: Christian Interpretations of Herem Passages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198810902
eISBN:
9780191848032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810902.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter presents and discusses criticisms of the Jewish Scriptures by Marcion and the Marcionites, by Ptolemy, Celsus, and other pagan critics of Christianity, and by the authors of the ... More


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