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The secret history of infixes

Alan C. L. Yu

in A Natural History of Infixation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279388
eISBN:
9780191707346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279388.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter is dedicated to elucidating the range of known infix-creating ambiguities in language. As such, it offers a diachronic typology of infixation. It shows that edge-oriented infixes ... More


Alfred Bruneau and Émile Zola

Steven Huebner

in French Opera at the Fin de Siecle

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189544
eISBN:
9780199868476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189544.003.0025
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter focuses on Alfred Bruneau and Émile Zola. Bruneau was known as a musical progressive in his work as a music critic for Gil-Bias and Le Figaro and in his compositions. His orchestral ... More


Political Economics and Possibilism

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter contains the introduction to Hirschman's collection of essays on development at the close of the 1960s, A Bias for Hope: Essays on Development in Latin America. Here, Hirschman points to ... More


Predicting Confirmation Bias

Martha Whitesmith

in Cognitive Bias in Intelligence Analysis: Testing the Analysis of Competing Hypotheses Method

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474466349
eISBN:
9781474491112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474466349.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Chapter five provides details of the meta-analyses into confirmation bias. It will show that the analytical conditions of diagnostic weighting of initial information, consistency of information, ... More


Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?

Katrina Hutchison and Fiona Jenkins (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199325603
eISBN:
9780199369317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325603.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Despite its place among the humanities and social sciences, the career prospects and numbers of women in philosophy much more closely resemble those of women in the sciences and engineering, than in ... More


Adaptive Psychophysical Procedures

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Adaptive procedures are developed to reduce the burden of data collection in psychophysics by creating more efficient experimental test designs and methods of estimating either statistics or ... More


Brain Drain from Israel and Skill-Biased Global Immigration Policy

Assaf Razin

in Israel and the World Economy: The Power of Globalization

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037341
eISBN:
9780262344234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037341.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

A more generous welfare state (particularly with an aging population) has financing needs that immigrants could fill. With high-skilled immigrants more likely to pay in rather than draw on the ... More


Limits to Fairness in a Democracy

Philip M. Rosoff

in Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word: Setting Limits on Healthcare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027496
eISBN:
9780262320764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027496.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter discusses the politically and morally contentious issue of whether strict fairness and justice in a rationing system can be accomplished in a democracy like the United States. Fairness ... More


The Value of Meaning

Thaddeus Metz

in Meaning in Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599318
eISBN:
9780191747632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599318.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares and contrasts the personal goods of pleasure and meaning, focusing most on highlighting important differences between them. Specifically, after arguing that there is a largely ... More


On Universalism and Cultural Historicism in Environmental Aesthetics

Jonathan Maskit

in Environmental Aesthetics: Crossing Divides and Breaking Ground

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823254491
eISBN:
9780823261185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254491.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Jonathan Maskit challenges the ‘standard view’ that the most important division in contemporary aesthetics is that between cognitivists (those who believe that concepts, usually scientific concepts, ... More


Commentary: Regenerative Medicine, Politics, and the High Price of Moral Constraint

Aric Bendorf and Ian Kerridge

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lysaght and Campbell note the promise of regenerative medicine and call for a broader philosophical and public discourse that extends beyond questions surrounding the moral status of embryos. While ... More


Inconvenient Truths

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Inertia in science is a major hurdle, as the documentation of neurotoxicity builds only gradually. Scientific tradition demands verification and replication before reaching firm conclusions. Worse, ... More


Partiality and Charity

Hazlett Allan

in A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674800
eISBN:
9780191761164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674800.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that false belief is often better for a person than true belief, by appeal to cases of “partiality bias” (bias in favor of a positive conception of one’s friends) and “charitable bias” ... More


Optimistically Biased Beliefs

Lisa Bortolotti

in The Epistemic Innocence of Irrational Beliefs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198863984
eISBN:
9780191896262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863984.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the author argues that optimistically biased beliefs that agents tend to have about themselves and their future have the potential for epistemic innocence. Such beliefs—inflated ... More


In Conclusion

David Gleicher

in The Rescue of the Third Class on the Titanic: A Revisionist History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973893410
eISBN:
9781786944634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973893410.003.0008
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This final chapter concludes the findings of the journal. It states that contrary to the ‘popular story’ there exists no convincing evidence that passengers in the third class surged against ... More


When Do Citizens Get It Wrong?

Sara B. Hobolt and James Tilley

in Blaming Europe?: Responsibility Without Accountability in the European Union

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199665686
eISBN:
9780191756115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665686.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Chapter 4 focuses on how citizens can ’get it wrong’ when assigning responsibility to the European Union. It shows that people’s views of EU responsibility demonstrate bias, coloured either by their ... More


Lying with statistics

Andrew Gelman and Deborah Nolan

in Teaching Statistics: A Bag of Tricks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198785699
eISBN:
9780191827518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785699.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

We prefer the term “statistical communication,” but the phrase “how to lie with statistics” is a good hook to get students thinking about the issues involved. We try throughout to dampen the natural ... More


‘Play as if you were at home’: dealing with biases and test validity

Guillaume Louvel

in Games User Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794844
eISBN:
9780191836336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794844.003.0022
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter discusses the user testing process in a lab and the inevitability of biases when testing under these conditions. It also describes the difficulties to obtain the data needed by the ... More


Graphs with hard constraints: further applications and extensions

A.C.C. Coolen, A. Annibale, and E.S. Roberts

in Generating Random Networks and Graphs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198709893
eISBN:
9780191780172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198709893.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter looks at further topics pertaining to the effective use of Markov Chain Monte Carlo to sample from hard- and soft-constrained exponential random graph models. The chapter considers the ... More


Network growth algorithms

A.C.C. Coolen, A. Annibale, and E.S. Roberts

in Generating Random Networks and Graphs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198709893
eISBN:
9780191780172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198709893.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Growth processes are a fundamentally different approach compared to probability-driven exponential models covered in earlier chapters. This chapter studies how growth rules can be designed to mimic ... More


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