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Bangladesh

Nizam Ahmed

in Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: Volume I: Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249589
eISBN:
9780191600029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924958X.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

The chapter presents all relevant information on elections in Bhutan. Part I gives a comprehensive overview of Bhutan's political history, outlines the evolution of the not formalized electoral ... More


South Asia After the Cold War: Adjusting to New Realities

P. R. Kumaraswamy

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Looks at the different levels of change in the countries of South Asia (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka) since the end of the cold war, and attempts to determine how, and to ... More


Promise, Trust and Evolution: Managing the Commons of South Asia

Rucha Ghate, Narpat Jodha, and Pranab Mukhopadhyay (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213832
eISBN:
9780191707438
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

From land management to water rights, this book looks at the current status of Common Property Resources, or CPRs, in South Asia. Developed countries have managed to establish well-defined property ... More


Efficiency and Low Costs Under Non‐Limiting Supply Conditions in Bhutan

L. Webb Edward and Dorji Lam

in Promise, Trust and Evolution: Managing the Commons of South Asia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213832
eISBN:
9780191707438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter explores the question of why forest-related institutions evolved under non-limiting conditions in Bhutan. It finds that nationalization and protection policies have resulted in two kinds ... More


The First Activists

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter explores the Lhotshampas' first attempts at political organization inside Bhutan, and the way in which refugees recall the response of the Bhutanese state. An important element of the ... More


Tantric State: A Buddhist Approach to Democracy and Development in Bhutan

William J. Long

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190843397
eISBN:
9780190843427
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843397.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Bhutan’s unique Buddhist-based democracy and economy provides an authentic basis for theoretical and empirical comparison with democracies and economies founded on liberal, Enlightenment principles. ... More


Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Michael Hutt

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This book recounts the plight of some hundred thousand refugees of Nepali ethnic origin (also known as the Lhotshampa or ‘Southern Borderlander’) who claim to have been wrongfully evicted from ... More


The Tibetan Buddhist World

Timothy Brook, Michael van Walt van Praag, and Miek Boltjes (eds)

in Sacred Mandates: Asian International Relations since Chinggis Khan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226562629
eISBN:
9780226562933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562933.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Buddhism and the authority of Tibetan hierarchs provided legitimacy of rule not only for Tibetans themselves, but for Mongol, Manchu, Bhutanese, Sikkimese, and Chinese rulers and their polities. The ... More


Separating Religion and Politics?: Buddhism and the Bhutanese Constitution

Sunil Khilnani, Vikram Raghavan, and Arun K. Thiruvengadam

in Comparative Constitutionalism in South Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198081760
eISBN:
9780199082360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081760.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter investigates Bhutan's constitutional history up to the 2008 Constitution. It specifically reflects on the relationship between Buddhism, the new Constitution, and the avowed secular ... More


The Conditions for Belonging

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses legislation on citizenship, with a focus on the new Citizenship Act of 1977. It describes how transnational marriages came to be discouraged and how different Acts changed the ... More


The Ngolops

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter addresses how Lhotshampa dissidents subsequently came to be identified as ‘Ngolops’ or ‘antinational terrorists’. The term ‘ngolop’ was applied first to the oppositional activists who ... More


Dil Maya: Fragments of a Life

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter is based on some nine hours of taped conversations with an elderly Lhotshampa woman, named ‘Dil Maya’ in a refugee camp. In his reconstruction, the author attempts to recover an ... More


Refugees from Shangri-La

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter summarizes the events which flowed from the Lhotshampas' arrival in Nepal in the 1990s and the establishment of the refugee camps there. By 1994, Bhutanese refugee camps had been ... More


Matters of History

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses the history of Bhutan and the history of Nepali migration to Bhutan. The author describes how the refugees use the terms umbho (‘above’) and undho (‘below’) to distinguish ... More


Southern Bhutan in Early British Accounts

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter describes the history of Southern Bhutan as recorded in British colonial accounts. Though these are inevitably coloured by colonial preoccupations, they shed valuable light on the ... More


The Legend of Garjaman Gurung

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter elaborates the life of Garjaman Gurung, an early Nepali settler who became politically powerful in southern Bhutan during the 1920s, and is now a major figure in the Lhotshampa refugees' ... More


The Settlement and Administration of the South

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter describes the development of an administration in southern Bhutan where Nepali migrants settled first in Samchi and Sibsu in its southwestern corner. The author details how the ... More


The Changing Bases of Subjecthood

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter points to two changes which occurred in the mid twentieth century in the relationship ‘ethnic Nepalis’ and the states in which they resided. British records show that, during the 1930s, ... More


Coming Closer to the King

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses the radical reforms undertaken by the Bhutanese state after the coronation of the third Wangchuck king in 1952, and their impact upon the Lhotshampas. The reforms of the 1950s ... More


The Smithsonian Folklife Festival: Many Auspicious Doors

Betty Belanus

in Curatorial Conversations: Cultural Representation and the Smithsonian Folklife Festival

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781496805980
eISBN:
9781496806024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496805980.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter uses the 2008 Bhutan program to examine visitor experience and the role of curators in crafting these experiences. Using the suggestive possibilities of a portable Buddhist shrine ... More


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