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Political Topography

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State: A Biography of Gujarat

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076933
eISBN:
9780199080908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076933.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Politics anchors this biography of an Indian region. This chapter charts Gujarat's political topography, beginning with the decades preceding independence. It suggests that current patterns of ... More


The End of Noninterference? The BJP's Rise to Power, 1984–2004

Rina Verma Williams

in Postcolonial Politics and Personal Laws: Colonial Legal Legacies and the Indian State

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195680140
eISBN:
9780199081721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195680140.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter discusses the historical development of the major Hindu nationalist political parties; their policies on noninterference and the personal laws; the actions of the Bharatiya Janata Party ... More


Continuing Reforms in the Era of Coalition Politics

Suresh D. Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

in Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses some speculative suggestions about the sustainability and ownership of reforms. The critical role of the emergence of regional parties in national politics with neutral ... More


Nation and Infra-Nationalisms: Secular-Nationalism Gomes Apart

Aditya Nigam

in The Insurrection of Little Selves: The Crisis of Secular Nationalism in India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676068
eISBN:
9780199081752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676068.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines how the nation and the crisis of secular-nationalism unravelled in India, focusing on the conjunctures of the 1980s and 1990s. With respect to the 1980s, the chapter focuses on ... More


The History of Hindu Nationalism in India

Katju Manjari

in The Oxford History of Hinduism: Modern Hinduism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198790839
eISBN:
9780191833281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790839.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

This chapter presents the history of Hindu nationalism, starting in the early twentieth century. It goes into the Hindutva ideology of Savarkar, Golwalkar, and other ideologues, and gives a history ... More


Pogrom in Gujarat: Hindu Nationalism and Anti-Muslim Violence in India

Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151762
eISBN:
9781400842599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151762.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In 2002, after an altercation between Muslim vendors and Hindu travelers at a railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat, fifty-nine Hindu pilgrims were burned to death. The ruling nationalist ... More


The Dissolution of the Third Force (1998–2012)

Sanjay Ruparelia

in Divided We Govern: Coalition Politics in Modern India

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190264918
eISBN:
9780190492175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264918.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter explains the diminishing prospects of the third force from 1998 to 2012. Regional political calculations and economic competition pushed its erstwhile constituents apart. Yet the ... More


The Long March from Ayodhya: Democracy and Violence in India

Amrita Basu

in Pluralism and Democracy in India: Debating the Hindu Right

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195394825
eISBN:
9780199380947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394825.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The conditions for Indian democracy—namely a vibrant civil society, multiparty competition, and federalism—are also the conditions for antiminority violence. This chapter argues that violence in a ... More


India's ‘Two-Level’ Negotiations

Harsh V. Pant

in THE US-INDIA NUCLEAR PACT: Policy, Process, and Great Power Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198073963
eISBN:
9780199080809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073963.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The nuclear pact between India and the United States triggered a heated debate not only in both countries but also in the larger international community. This is attributed to the wide-ranging ... More


Regime Change and Working a Coalition

Zoya Hasan

in Congress after Indira: Policy, Power, Political Change (1984-2009)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195685978
eISBN:
9780199082216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685978.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the regime change in the Congress in the 1990s. It suggests that the 1996 elections marked the end of the Congress epoch in Indian politics and explains that repeated electoral ... More


The BJP’s Intellectual Agenda: Textbooks and Imagined History

Mushirul Hasan

in Pluralism and Democracy in India: Debating the Hindu Right

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195394825
eISBN:
9780199380947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394825.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP, National People’s Party) agenda of rewriting textbooks. Chronicling the rewriting of national-level history textbooks during the ascendancy of ... More


The Rise of the Regions (1980–1989)

Sanjay Ruparelia

in Divided We Govern: Coalition Politics in Modern India

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190264918
eISBN:
9780190492175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264918.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter analyzes the rise of new state-based parties and growing regional demands during the 1980s. The Congress’ return to power in 1980, and its massive electoral victory following the ... More


The BJP and an Ideological Consolidation of the Right?

Pradeep K. Chhibber and Rahul Verma

in Ideology and Identity: The Changing Party Systems of India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190623876
eISBN:
9780190623913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190623876.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

To the surprise of many, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) singlehandedly won a majority in the national elections of 2014. Since then the party which, once had two seats in parliament, has come to ... More


Agents

Sanjoy Chakravorty

in The Price of Land: Acquisition, Conflict, Consequence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198089544
eISBN:
9780199082438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198089544.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter identifies the agents or actors in contemporary land acquisition processes: the traditional buyers (typically the state) and sellers, and the new agents: political parties and civil ... More


The States and Lok Sabha Polls 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0051
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter addresses the elections of Lok Sabha and the electoral outcome of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The BJP pledged to provide a stable government but is faced with insistent demands from ... More


Ayodhya and the Politics of Religion

Zoya Hasan

in Congress after Indira: Policy, Power, Political Change (1984-2009)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195685978
eISBN:
9780199082216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685978.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter is concerned with the position and response of the Congress and its governments to the aggravation of the Ayodhya dispute, which resulted in seriously weakening the party. An ... More


The Options When a Government Loses its Majority 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter addresses constitutional questions that arose in the aftermath of the Bharatiya Janata Party's (BJP) withdrawal of support to the National Front on 23 October 1990. There were four ... More


The Baby and the Bathwater: Secularism in the Work of a Conservative Writer

Pratik Kanjilal

in Pluralism and Democracy in India: Debating the Hindu Right

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195394825
eISBN:
9780199380947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394825.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter reflects on the decline of the humanities in the public culture. It begins by discussing the polarization of debate, with positions squeezed into sharply opposed ideological camps and ... More


Dismantling the ‘Congress System’

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter investigates the expansion of the Shiv Sena into the Maharashtrian rural areas after the mid 1980s, and the socio-political context of the ‘Congress-system’. Inspired by the ideology of ... More


Noninterference and Muslim Personal Law: Shah Bano and the Muslim Women Bill, 1984–86

Rina Verma Williams

in Postcolonial Politics and Personal Laws: Colonial Legal Legacies and the Indian State

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195680140
eISBN:
9780199081721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195680140.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter addresses the 1980s era, when Muslim personal law returned to the Indian political agenda after a long hiatus. After winning the case, Shah Bano Begum actually renounced the decision ... More


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