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The Winding Road to the Welfare State

George R. Boyer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

How did Britain transform itself from a nation of workhouses to one that became a model for the modern welfare state? This book investigates the evolution of living standards and welfare policies in ... More


The Roots of Public Pensions Provision: Social Insurance and the Beveridge Plan

Jose Harris

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

William Beveridge and his Report on Social Insurance and Allied Services of 1942 continue to occupy a pivotal position in the history of social security provision not only in Britain and Europe but ... More


‘Protests Butter No Parsnips’: Lord Beveridge and the Rescue of Refugee Academics from Europe, 1933–1938

David Zimmerman

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines in detail the central role of Lord Beveridge in establishing the Academic Assistance Council, in a context of economic depression, social and political turmoil, and pervasive ... More


A Narrow Margin of Hope: Leo Szilard in the Founding Days of CARA

William Lanouette

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter focuses on physicist Leo Szilard. Born in Budapest but living and working in Berlin from 1920 to 1933, Szilard was quick to recognize the dangers posed by the Nazis. By July 1932, he ... More


William Beveridge: A Biography

Jose Harris

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This new and revised edition of this text remains the only documented biography of the most influential social reformer of the 20th century. In Britain and Europe the Beveridge Plan of 1942 is still ... More


Politics and Pensions in Post-war Britain

Hugh Pemberton

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Understanding the politics of post-war British pensions in its broadest sense is imperative if we are to understand the nature of the pensions crisis that Britain faces, and essential too if we are ... More


Why So Different? Why So Bad a Future?

Howard Glennerster

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

While virtually all European countries with advanced welfare states are worrying about how to cut back their state pension generosity, and sometimes partially succeeding, the United Kingdom faces the ... More


The ‘Scandal’ of Women’s Pensions in Britain: How Did It Come About?

Pat Thane

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In 2005, just 19 per cent of women pensioners in Britain were entitled to the full basic state pension (itself insufficient to live on without a supplement) compared with 92 per cent of men. The ... More


Britain: Exhausted Voluntarism – The Evolution of a Hybrid Pension Regime

Paul Bridgen and Traute Meyer

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The British pension system with a meagre basic pension in the Beveridge tradition and coexisting private pensions that have increasingly been transformed from defined-benefit (DB) to ... More


The Changing Public–Private Pension Mix in Europe: From Path Dependence to Path Departure

Bernhard Ebbinghaus and Mareike Gronwald

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter by Ebbinghaus and Gronwald provides a comparative historical analysis mapping the cross-national institutional diversity in the evolution of pension systems in ten European countries. ... More


The Beveridge Report and the Implementation of the Welfare State

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores the story of the 1942 Beveridge Report and the beginnings of the welfare state. The policies proposed by Beveridge and the 1945–48 legislation were logical extensions of ... More


What Was Gained

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter summarizes the book's major findings. The road to the welfare state of the 1940s was not a wide and straight thoroughfare through Victorian and Edwardian Britain. As the ... More


LSE: A History of the London School of Economics and Political Science 1895-1995

Ralf Dahrendorf

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202400
eISBN:
9780191675331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202400.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The London School of Economics and Political Science — the LSE — is one of the most famous academic institutions in the world. This history provides a lively account of the first century of a ... More


From Memory to History

Merrill D. Peterson

in Lincoln in American Memory

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096453
eISBN:
9780199853939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096453.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter opens with Robert Lincoln and his dissatisfaction with the biographies published regarding his father. Thus, he decided to spearhead his own research so as to portray a more accurate ... More


Introduction

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This book studies Beveridge's life and deals fully with Beveridge's private life, character, and personal relationships. The central theme of this study is Beveridge's role in the shaping of the ... More


Beveridge at Oxford: Arthur Collings Carré and Edward Caird

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

Beveridge entered Balliol as a mathematics exhibitioner in the autumn after he finished school and his first year at Oxford turned out to be the most miserable, as he was young for his age in terms ... More


Social Reform and the State: The Labour-Market and National Insurance

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

Beveridge joined the Board of trade as an unestablished civil servant on the staff of the Comptroller-General of the Commercial, Labour, and Statistical Department. Signs of action on labour ... More


‘One Russia is Enough for Us’: Two Revolutions in Budapest

Gábor Bátonyi

in Britain and Central Europe 1918–1933

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207481
eISBN:
9780191677687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207481.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

At the time of the Károlyi revolution towards the end of 1918, the Foreign Office still had no political interest in Hungary. The question of ... More


Labour, Munitions, and the Great War

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

From the start of the Great War, there was little doubt about Beveridge's own role in the prosecution of the war. Throughout 1914, however, the Board took a minor and rather indeterminate role in the ... More


Rationing and Reconstruction

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

After the war, Beveridge was knighted and made permanent secretary to the Ministry of Food, responsible for rationing and price control. He drafted a programme for the new department, advocating the ... More


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