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Fontenelle and the War of the Oracles

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0020
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (1657–1757), native of Rouen, nephew of Corneille, and star pupil of the Jesuits, was the first prominent high-society philosophe and general commentator on science, ... More


Natural Philosophy and the Republic of Letters

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Three developments are explored in this chapter. The first is the attempt by the French Crown to act as absolute arbiter and guardian of standards by means of the institution of various Académies. ... More


Managing toward Consensus: Bignon, Fontenelle, and the Creation of the Pax Analytica in France

J.B. Shank

in Before Voltaire: The French Origins of "Newtonian" Mechanics, 1680-1715

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226509297
eISBN:
9780226509327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509327.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 10 shows how the battle over analytical mechanics was concluded in favor of Varignon and his science, and how it became an accepted and established academic science in France largely through ... More


From the Moon to the Planets

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the 17th century, John Wilkins and Bernard Fontenelle discussed space travel and the nature of extraterrestrial life in book-length studies. In 1697, Christiaan Huygens published Kosmotheoros, an ... More


Scientific Seduction

Tita Chico

in The Experimental Imagination: Literary Knowledge and Science in the British Enlightenment

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605442
eISBN:
9781503606456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605442.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Beginning with Bacon, natural philosophy texts frequently present scientific practice as an erotic quest, establishing a correspondence between sexual seduction and natural philosophical inquiry. ... More


Preparing the Battlefield: Fighting For and Against Newton after 1715

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1727, Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle celebrated his appointment at forty years of age as the first-ever perpetual secretary of the Royal Academy of Sciences. During his first three decades as ... More


Newton without Newtonianism: French Mathematical Science in the Early Eighteenth Century

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Crucial to the later emergence of the Newton wars in France was the reconfiguration of the institutional and cultural field that had originally mediated French discussion of Isaac Newton's science. ... More


Analytical Mechanics within the New Public Academy: First Steps, 1698–1700

J.B. Shank

in Before Voltaire: The French Origins of "Newtonian" Mechanics, 1680-1715

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226509297
eISBN:
9780226509327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509327.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 8 continues the story of analytical mechanics, tracing the beginning of Varignon's first explicit, recorded work in this area in 1698, and its further development amidst the transformation of ... More


Behn, Fontenelle, and the Cheats of Revealed Religion

in The Fringes of Belief: English Literature, Ancient Heresy, and the Politics of Freethinking, 1660-1760

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758772
eISBN:
9780804769792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758772.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter describes how classical theology as filtered through the heterodox philosophy of Bernard de Fontenelle sparked the freethinking imagination of Aphra Behn, providing her with an ... More


Introduction: Translating Newton

J.B. Shank

in Before Voltaire: The French Origins of "Newtonian" Mechanics, 1680-1715

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226509297
eISBN:
9780226509327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509327.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Questioning the old story of a "Newtonian Revolution" whereby Isaac Newton's 1687 Principia is said to singly lay the foundations of modern mathematical physics, giving birth through the reception of ... More


Measuring the Immeasurable

Mary-Jane Rubenstein

in Worlds Without End: The Many Lives of the Multiverse

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156622
eISBN:
9780231527422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156622.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the activities of seventeenth-century cosmologies, starting with Giordano Bruno’s heretical cosmology and subsequent execution. The fascination with the possibility of other ... More


Expression

Mark Evan Bonds

in Absolute Music: The History of an Idea

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199343638
eISBN:
9780199373437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199343638.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

By the middle of the sixteenth century humanist writers had begun to raise serious questions about music as a sounding manifestation of number. Faced with a growing body of empirical evidence, ... More


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