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The Evolution and Genius of Language: Debates in the Berlin Academy

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

After an overview of the history of the Berlin Academy since its foundation in 1700, this chapter outlines the main questions concerning language that were debated in Berlin of the 1750s. Foremost ... More


A Point of Convergence and New Departures: The 1759 Contest on Language and Opinions

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

The chapter is dedicated to the Berlin contest of 1759 on the reciprocal influence of language and opinions. While most contestants tried to answer the question by recasting it as a historical ... More


Conclusion and a Glimpse into the Future

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This postscript begins with an overview of further developments in the 1780s, among them the complex combination of innatism with naturalism, Frederick the Great's essay on German language and ... More


Tackling the Naturalistic Conundrum: Instincts and Conjectural History to 1771

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter traces new impulses in the 1760s such as the first publication of Leibniz's Nouveaux essais, the 1763 contest on certitude in metaphysics, and investigations of animal instincts. At the ... More


Teleology, Cosmology, and Least Action

in The Man Who Flattened the Earth: Maupertuis and the Sciences in the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226793603
eISBN:
9780226793627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226793627.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Maupertuis's mature formulation of a teleological mechanics as the basis for a rationalist theology and a proof for God's existence. When Voltaire rather perversely entered the ... More


Measuring Music

Roger Mathew Grant

in Beating Time and Measuring Music in the Early Modern Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199367283
eISBN:
9780199367306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367283.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Through the long eighteenth century, the relationship between motion and time was rewritten. Time, in this new view, was no longer a conceptual descendant of motion but was, in its new form, ... More


Building a Scientific Community

Kelly Joan Whitmer

in The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the efforts of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus and the first director of the Orphanage, August Hermann Francke, to devise a “new way” to teach ... More


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