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Transparency: The Key to Better Governance?

Christopher Hood and David Heald (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263839
eISBN:
9780191734915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263839.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

‘Transparency’ is widely canvassed as a key to better governance, increasing trust in public-office holders. But it is more often preached than practised, more often referred to than defined, and ... More


In the Interest of the Governed: A Study in Bentham's Philosophy of Utility and Law

David Lyons

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239642
eISBN:
9780191679971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239642.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although known as the founder of modern utilitarianism and the source of analytical jurisprudence, Bentham today is infrequently read, but often caricatured. This book, based on a study of Bentham's ... More


Benthamite Discipline and Punishment; Or, What Foucault Missed

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In this chapter, I show how James Mill reworks and recycles the argument of a classic text—viz. Plato's Republic—and uses Plato's theory of justice and just punishment to legitimize Bentham's plans ... More


Utilitarianism, Feminism, and the Franchise

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Here, I re‐examine the sources of John Stuart Mill's feminist sympathies. After looking closely at two oft‐touted candidates—Jeremy Bentham and Harriet Taylor Mill—I conclude that neither played the ... More


Before Negative and Positive Liberty

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The negative conception of freedom as non‐interference and the positive conception of freedom as self‐mastery are not the only available ideals of liberty; a third alternative is the conception of ... More


Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Fred Feldman

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hedonism is the view that the Good Life is the pleasant life. The central aim of this book is to show that, when carefully and charitably interpreted, certain forms of hedonism yield plausible ... More


Theories of Law and Government

William Cornish, Michael Lobban, and Keith Smith

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XI: 1820–1914 English Legal System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258819
eISBN:
9780191718151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258819.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on theories of law and government begins with a discussion of the thought of Jeremy Bentham. It then discusses John Austin's reformulation of the province of jurisprudence, intuitionists ... More


Transparency in Historical Perspective

Christopher Hood

in Transparency: The Key to Better Governance?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263839
eISBN:
9780191734915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263839.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Transparency is a term that has attained quasi-religious significance in debate over governance and institutional design. Today, it is pervasive in the jargon of business governance as well as that ... More


War and Peace before Sociology: Social Theorizing on Violence from Thomas Hobbes to the Napoleonic Wars

Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl

in War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150840
eISBN:
9781400844746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150840.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter provides an overview of the key arguments in the debate on war and peace carried on from the time of Thomas Hobbes up to the Napoleonic Wars between philosophers, political economists, ... More


The Long Peace of the Nineteenth Century and the Birth of Sociology

Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl

in War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150840
eISBN:
9781400844746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150840.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines how the progressive optimism nourished by liberal doctrines gradually began to take hold and how sociology as a discipline took a particularly wide variety of institutional ... More


Blackstone and Bentham: The Law of Nations and International Law

Mark Weston Janis

in America and the Law of Nations 1776-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579341
eISBN:
9780191722653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579341.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

English jurist, William Blackstone's Commentaries, published between 1765 and 1769, transmitted the common law's traditional perception of the law of nations to American lawyers who would declare ... More


Sensory Hedonism about Happiness

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Bentham, Mill, and Sidgwick say things that strongly suggest sensory hedonism about happiness. This is the view that a person's level of happiness is equal to the total amount of sensory pleasure he ... More


Alternative Theories of Criminalization

Douglas Husak

in Overcriminalization: The Limits of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328714
eISBN:
9780199869947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328714.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The seven constraints defended in chapters two and three combine to form a minimalist theory of criminalization. This chapter argues that minimalism is better than any of the alternatives defended by ... More


Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy

H. L. A. Hart

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254683
eISBN:
9780191681509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254683.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book is both an exposition and a critical assessment of some central issues in jurisprudence and political theory. Chapter themes include Bentham's identification of the forms of mystification ... More


Rational Ethics

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Keynes's Vision: A New Political Economy

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283201
eISBN:
9780191596254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283202.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Describes how Keynes derived his ethics from the philosophy of G. E. Moore, explains his attacks on utilitarianism, and relates Keynes's ethics to his theory of probability.


Suffering In Happy Lives

Mike W. Martin

in Happiness and the Good Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845217
eISBN:
9780199933068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845217.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Is happiness compatible with suffering? The answer is complicated. Nothing can protect us from tragedies that destroy what we cherish most, and thereby undermine happiness. Yet much suffering can be ... More


Introduction

D. J. GALLIGAN

in Law in Modern Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291830
eISBN:
9780191700675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291830.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Law is said to be essential for social tasks like protecting one from the other and providing a set of rules for basic forms of social life with regard to contract, property, family relations, and ... More


Bentham's Prison: A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary

Janet Semple

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273875
eISBN:
9780191684074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273875.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

At the end of the 18th century, Jeremy Bentham devised a scheme for a prison that he called the panopticon. It soon became an obsession. For twenty years he tried to build it; in the end he failed, ... More


Obedience, Freedom, and Engagement—or Utility?

Neil MacCormick

in Practical Reason in Law and Morality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198268772
eISBN:
9780191713071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268772.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

James Dalrymple, first Viscount Stair, has advanced three ‘principles of equity’: obedience, freedom, and engagement, that delineate three provinces of practical reason. With regard to ‘obedience’, ... More


Law and Liberty

Philip Pettit

in Legal Republicanism: National and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559169
eISBN:
9780191720956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559169.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter is divided into two main sections. The first section lays out the essential features of the republican way of thinking about freedom, setting it in contrast to Bentham's view. The second ... More


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