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Ardent Spirits and Republican Medicine

Matthew Warner Osborn

in Rum Maniacs: Alcoholic Insanity in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226099897
eISBN:
9780226099927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099927.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter one describes changing American drinking habits in the eighteenth century and the growth of medical concerns about ardent spirits that arose in the aftermath of the American Revolution. ... More


The Friend to America

Jonathan Yeager

in Enlightened Evangelicalism: The Life and Thought of John Erskine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199772551
eISBN:
9780199895144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772551.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter surveys Erskine's sympathy for America, viewed by him as a burgeoning godly territory for the growth of evangelicalism. In the wake of the revivals in America and Britain in the 1730s ... More


American Foundations

Benjamin T. Lynerd

in Republican Theology: The Civil Religion of American Evangelicals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199363551
eISBN:
9780199363582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199363551.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Republican theology, the merging of Christian piety with the philosophy of limited government, came to dominate the vernacular of American evangelicals by the 1770s as a point of entry to the ... More


The Empire of Humanity

Amanda B. Moniz

in From Empire to Humanity: The American Revolution and the Origins of Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190240356
eISBN:
9780190240387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190240356.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, British and Irish Early Modern History

Following the American Revolutionary War, Americans and Britons alike had misguided expectations about their relationships. Even so, they shared an outlook defined by cosmopolitanism and faith in ... More


Hodge’s Parents

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter Three explores the parents and early family life of Charles Hodge. Hodge’s father, Hugh Hodge, was a Philadelphia physician who played an important role in the Philadelphia Yellow Fever ... More


Hypochondriasis or Tristimania: Rush

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Benjamin Rush's discussion of melancholy. Rush played an important part in the public life of the new Republic, being a signer of the Declaration of Independence, a member of ... More


Coming of Age in the Atlantic Community, 1740s–1770s

Amanda B. Moniz

in From Empire to Humanity: The American Revolution and the Origins of Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190240356
eISBN:
9780190240387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190240356.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 2 introduces the activists whose endeavors are the focus of the rest of the study. Future leaders of the empire of humanity, such as Caribbean-born Quaker John Coakley Lettsom, who lived his ... More


Plant Life: Tropical Vegetation, Animate Matter, and Cosmopolitical Form

Monique Allewaert

in Ariel's Ecology: Plantations, Personhood, and Colonialism in the American Tropics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677276
eISBN:
9781452947747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677276.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses an American form of vitalist materialism produced by Benjamin Rush, Alexander Humboldt, Benjamin Barton, and William Bartram. This form raised the possibility that any ... More


Constitution and Ratification

Matthew L. Harris and Thomas S. Kidd

in The Founding Fathers and the Debate over Religion in Revolutionary America: A History in Documents

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195326499
eISBN:
9780199918188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326499.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents the following documents: Benjamin Franklin's prayer request at the Constitution Convention—and the response, 1787; Luther Martin's Questions why there is no religious oath in ... More


Introduction

Susan R. Holman

in Beholden: Religion, Global Health, and Human Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199827763
eISBN:
9780199345359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827763.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Opening with discussion of the liberal health-care views of eighteenth-century American patriot Dr. Benjamin Rush and early Congregational-Unitarianism, Chapter 1 introduces the book’s key ideas and ... More


New Nation

Elaine G. Breslaw

in Lotions, Potions, Pills, and Magic: Health Care in Early America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787175
eISBN:
9780814739389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787175.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the state of medicine during America's early years as a new nation. It begins by discussing the controversy pitting physicians against Benjamin Rush, who diagnosed yellow fever ... More


The Letters

Karen Green (ed.)

in The Correspondence of Catharine Macaulay

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190934453
eISBN:
9780190934491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190934453.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This edition offers 217 letters to and from Catharine Macaulay’s correspondents. Each correspondent is given a brief biographical introduction, including a short account of Macaulay’s relationship ... More


Benjamin Rush (1746–1813)

Lisa L. Moore, Joanna Brooks, and Caroline Wigginton (eds)

in Transatlantic Feminisms in the Age of Revolutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199743483
eISBN:
9780190252830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743483.003.0039
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature, Women's Literature

Benjamin Rush, an influential physician from Philadelphia and an educational reform activist, was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. In 1787, he delivered a speech entitled ... More


Dr. Pascalis and the Making of American Medicine

Terry Rey

in The Priest and the Prophetess: Abbé Ouvière, Romaine Rivière, and the Revolutionary Atlantic World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190625849
eISBN:
9780190625870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190625849.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Arriving in Philadelphia in 1793 as a refugee, and carrying a letter of introduction to President George Washington, Abbé Ouvière soon remade himself in the United States—only not as a priest, but as ... More


The Department of Medicine

Gerard N. Burrow

in A History of Yale's School of Medicine: Passing Torches to Others

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092073
eISBN:
9780300132885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092073.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes Yale's Department of Medicine as propelled, from the very beginning, by a remarkable cast of faculty members. Nathan Smith, who was also responsible for lectures in surgery and ... More


9

Gerda Lerner

in The Grimké Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Women's Rights and Abolition

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807855669
eISBN:
9781469604879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807855669.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the mid-1830s, Angelina became fully committed to the cause of racial abolitionism. Gradually she was drawn deeper into the struggle. This chapter looks at how this happened and the effects this ... More


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