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The Attrition of the Liberal Regime in Italy

Charles S. Maier

in Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691169798
eISBN:
9781400873708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the attrition of the liberal regime in Italy. The inability to reestablish a stable centrist majority in Italy brought not only a shift to the right, but also destruction of the ... More


Majorities without Mandates: Issues and Elections in the Spring of 1924

Charles S. Maier

in Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691169798
eISBN:
9781400873708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines issues arising from the elections that were held in France, Germany, and Italy in the spring of 1924, asking in particular whether the elections could resolve the political ... More


The Mussolini Boom, 1928–1931

Reto Hofmann

in The Fascist Effect: Japan and Italy, 1915-1952

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453410
eISBN:
9780801456367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453410.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Benito Mussolini's emergence as a popular celebrity as well as a political leader in Japan during the late 1920s. In the second half of the 1920s, politicians, journalists, and ... More


The Bundle and the Pickax: Fascist Cultural Projects

Catherine E. Paul

in Fascist Directive: Ezra Pound and Italian Cultural Nationalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781942954057
eISBN:
9781781384053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781942954057.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Chapter Three reveals how aware Pound was of the many and various cultural projects undertaken by Mussolini’s regime. Although Pound’s economic writings of the 1930s have contributed to the ... More


Conquest and Collaboration

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how the colonial enterprise and racial measures of the regime of Italian leader Benito Mussolini were received by the intellectual class, and looks at the cultural effects of ... More


Toward a Fascist Culture

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the evolution of the Benito Mussolini regime's patronage structure and examines how Italians' critiques of foreign mass societies played a role in the definition of fascist ... More


Class Dismissed: Fascism’s Politics of Youth

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the attempts made by Benito Mussolini's regime to apply its “therapeutic” politics to young intellectuals and explores how generational tensions within the dictatorship found ... More


Peace and the Imposition of Fascism on Venice, 1919–1930

R.J.B. Bosworth

in Italian Venice: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300193879
eISBN:
9780300210118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300193879.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the imposition of Fascism in Venice during the period 1919–1930 and the Fascist regime's determination to translate World War I's practical and spiritual history into peace for ... More


Venice Between Volpi and Mussolini, 1930–1940

R.J.B. Bosworth

in Italian Venice: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300193879
eISBN:
9780300210118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300193879.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the impact of Fascism on Venice during the period 1930–1940 and how Italian-style totalitarianism work in the city, as well as the locals' attitudes toward the Fascist party, ... More


The Wars of Fascism

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter investigates how the regime of Italian leader Benito Mussolini depended on culture in order to assert itself as an international power after military debacles ended fascist hopes for ... More


Ezra Pound and/or the Fascist Gerarchia

Catherine E. Paul

in Fascist Directive: Ezra Pound and Italian Cultural Nationalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781942954057
eISBN:
9781781384053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781942954057.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

During the period after Jefferson and/or Mussolini was written but before it was published—a period of about two volatile years—Pound corresponded extensively with most of the intellectual and ... More


Francesco Crispi 1818-1901: From Nation to Nationalism

Christopher Duggan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206118
eISBN:
9780191717178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book is a biography of Francesco Crispi (1818-1901), one of the most important and controversial figures in modern Italian history. Crispi was among the key figures in the Italian Risorgimento, ... More


History and Hygiene in Mussolini’s Rome, 1925–1938

Joshua Arthurs

in Excavating Modernity: The Roman Past in Fascist Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449987
eISBN:
9780801468841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449987.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Fascism's archaeological interventions in Benito Mussolini's Rome from the mid-1920s to the mid-1930s. Focusing on a number of archaeological excavations and urban planning ... More


Narrating the Nation

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the ways in which literature participated in Benito Mussolini's regeneration campaign and in the creation of a distinctly Italian and fascist model of modernity. Certainly, not ... More


Marco Bellocchio

Jason Wood

in Last Words: Considering Contemporary Cinema

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171977
eISBN:
9780231850698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171977.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter presents an interview with filmmaker Marco Bellocchio. Bellocchio exploded onto the international film scene in 1965 with his fiery debut, Fists in the Pocket and has since then become ... More


Perils of Bolshevism, Promises of Fascism

Michael Rosenthal

in Nicholas Miraculous: The Amazing Career of the Redoubtable Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174213
eISBN:
9780231539524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174213.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on Nicholas Murray Butler's stand against Communism. Butler's warnings in 1919–1920 about the perils of socialism became part of his campaign message as he pursued the Republican ... More


Into the Battlefield

Emanuel Rota

in A Pact with Vichy: Angelo Tasca from Italian Socialism to French Collaboration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823245642
eISBN:
9780823252824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245642.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

Angelo Tasca was a key figure in the radical socialist and communist movement in early twentieth-century Italy. However, historians of the movement often downplay his role in the political and ... More


Fascism and the Competition for Migrant Consumers, 1922–1940

Elizabeth Zanoni

in Migrant Marketplaces: Food and Italians in North and South America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041655
eISBN:
9780252050329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041655.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Chapter Six demonstrates that connections between Italian consumers in New York and Buenos Aires became particularly politicized with the rise of Fascism in Italy. During the 1935 League of Nations’ ... More


The Third Rome and Its Discontents, 1848–1922

Joshua Arthurs

in Excavating Modernity: The Roman Past in Fascist Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449987
eISBN:
9780801468841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449987.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the “prehistory” of the Fascist idea of Rome, focusing on the period 1848–1922. It first examines aspirations for a “Third Rome” during the struggle for national unification in ... More


The Assault on Versailles and Locarno: Ethiopia and the Remilitarization of the Rhineland

Zara Steiner

in The Triumph of the Dark: European International History 1933-1939

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199676095
eISBN:
9780191804786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199676095.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on events that violated the Versailles and Locarno treaties, particularly Benito Mussolini's actions in Ethiopia and the remilitarisation of the Rhineland. It first looks at the ... More


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