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Mystic in a Morning Coat: Americans’ Mussolini in the 1920s

Katy Hull

in The Machine Has a Soul: American Sympathy with Italian Fascism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691208107
eISBN:
9780691208121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208107.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter investigates how fascist sympathizers saw Benito Mussolini as a man who could simultaneously navigate modernity while moderating its worst effects. Constructed as the austere ... More


The Attrition of the Liberal Regime in Italy

Charles S. Maier

in Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691169798
eISBN:
9781400873708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the attrition of the liberal regime in Italy. The inability to reestablish a stable centrist majority in Italy brought not only a shift to the right, but also destruction of the ... More


Majorities without Mandates: Issues and Elections in the Spring of 1924

Charles S. Maier

in Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691169798
eISBN:
9781400873708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines issues arising from the elections that were held in France, Germany, and Italy in the spring of 1924, asking in particular whether the elections could resolve the political ... More


The Mussolini Boom, 1928–1931

Reto Hofmann

in The Fascist Effect: Japan and Italy, 1915-1952

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453410
eISBN:
9780801456367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453410.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Benito Mussolini's emergence as a popular celebrity as well as a political leader in Japan during the late 1920s. In the second half of the 1920s, politicians, journalists, and ... More


Conclusion: Searching for Soul under the Sign of the Machine

Katy Hull

in The Machine Has a Soul: American Sympathy with Italian Fascism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691208107
eISBN:
9780691208121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208107.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This concluding chapter argues that by understanding the United States as their contemporaries understood it — as a nation living “under the sign of the Machine,” unable to turn back — one can ... More


The Bundle and the Pickax: Fascist Cultural Projects

Catherine E. Paul

in Fascist Directive: Ezra Pound and Italian Cultural Nationalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781942954057
eISBN:
9781781384053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781942954057.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Chapter Three reveals how aware Pound was of the many and various cultural projects undertaken by Mussolini’s regime. Although Pound’s economic writings of the 1930s have contributed to the ... More


Conquest and Collaboration

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how the colonial enterprise and racial measures of the regime of Italian leader Benito Mussolini were received by the intellectual class, and looks at the cultural effects of ... More


The Garden of Fascism: Beauty, Transcendence, and Peace in an Era of Uncertainty

Katy Hull

in The Machine Has a Soul: American Sympathy with Italian Fascism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691208107
eISBN:
9780691208121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208107.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter addresses how American fascist sympathizers used Italo Balbo's 1933 North Atlantic flight to insist on the peaceful intentions of Benito Mussolini's regime. While it had been easy for ... More


Toward a Fascist Culture

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the evolution of the Benito Mussolini regime's patronage structure and examines how Italians' critiques of foreign mass societies played a role in the definition of fascist ... More


Man as the Measure of All Things: Sympathizing with Fascism in the Early Depression Years

Katy Hull

in The Machine Has a Soul: American Sympathy with Italian Fascism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691208107
eISBN:
9780691208121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208107.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter assesses how, during the depression years, American fascist sympathizers fashioned images of Italy and Benito Mussolini to suggest the kind of country they wanted the United States to ... More


Class Dismissed: Fascism’s Politics of Youth

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the attempts made by Benito Mussolini's regime to apply its “therapeutic” politics to young intellectuals and explores how generational tensions within the dictatorship found ... More


Peace and the Imposition of Fascism on Venice, 1919–1930

R.J.B. Bosworth

in Italian Venice: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300193879
eISBN:
9780300210118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300193879.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the imposition of Fascism in Venice during the period 1919–1930 and the Fascist regime's determination to translate World War I's practical and spiritual history into peace for ... More


Venice Between Volpi and Mussolini, 1930–1940

R.J.B. Bosworth

in Italian Venice: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300193879
eISBN:
9780300210118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300193879.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the impact of Fascism on Venice during the period 1930–1940 and how Italian-style totalitarianism work in the city, as well as the locals' attitudes toward the Fascist party, ... More


Francesco Crispi 1818-1901: From Nation to Nationalism

Christopher Duggan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206118
eISBN:
9780191717178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book is a biography of Francesco Crispi (1818-1901), one of the most important and controversial figures in modern Italian history. Crispi was among the key figures in the Italian Risorgimento, ... More


Introduction: The Machine with a Soul

Katy Hull

in The Machine Has a Soul: American Sympathy with Italian Fascism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691208107
eISBN:
9780691208121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208107.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter discusses how the representation of fascism as a machine with a soul explains why Italian fascism appealed to some Americans in the interwar years. Although Richard Washburn ... More


The Wars of Fascism

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter investigates how the regime of Italian leader Benito Mussolini depended on culture in order to assert itself as an international power after military debacles ended fascist hopes for ... More


Ezra Pound and/or the Fascist Gerarchia

Catherine E. Paul

in Fascist Directive: Ezra Pound and Italian Cultural Nationalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781942954057
eISBN:
9781781384053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781942954057.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

During the period after Jefferson and/or Mussolini was written but before it was published—a period of about two volatile years—Pound corresponded extensively with most of the intellectual and ... More


History and Hygiene in Mussolini’s Rome, 1925–1938

Joshua Arthurs

in Excavating Modernity: The Roman Past in Fascist Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449987
eISBN:
9780801468841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449987.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Fascism's archaeological interventions in Benito Mussolini's Rome from the mid-1920s to the mid-1930s. Focusing on a number of archaeological excavations and urban planning ... More


Marco Bellocchio

Jason Wood

in Last Words: Considering Contemporary Cinema

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171977
eISBN:
9780231850698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171977.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter presents an interview with filmmaker Marco Bellocchio. Bellocchio exploded onto the international film scene in 1965 with his fiery debut, Fists in the Pocket and has since then become ... More


Narrating the Nation

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the ways in which literature participated in Benito Mussolini's regeneration campaign and in the creation of a distinctly Italian and fascist model of modernity. Certainly, not ... More


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