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Sacred High City, Sacred Low City: A Tale of Religious Sites in Two Tokyo Neighborhoods

Steven Heine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195386202
eISBN:
9780199918362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386202.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Many observers have commented on what appears to be a fundamental contradiction concerning the ways that traditional religions function in Japan. On the one hand, the presence of temples and shrines ... More


Youth Marginality in Britain: Contemporary Studies of Austerity

Shane Blackman and Ruth Rogers (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447330523
eISBN:
9781447330578
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447330523.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

The book critically engages with neo-liberal policies and media representations of youth austerity as a constructed social crisis but remaining the mechanism used by both government and media to ... More


Living with dementia in rural Scotland

Nancy McAdam

in Remote and Rural Dementia Care: Policy, Research and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447344957
eISBN:
9781447345350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447344957.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter discusses what it is like for one individual with dementia living in a remote and rural area of Scotland. The benefits of living in a rural community are highlighted, as are the range of ... More


“The Fifties” in One Year, 1955

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

The year 1955 is the template for claims that the decade was a golden age for autoworkers. It began with auto plants operating at or near capacity, with multiple shifts. Business leaders predicted ... More


“A Severe and Prolonged Hangover,” 1956–1957

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

The 1955 production boom resulted in nearly a million unsold vehicles on dealers’ lots. As a result, automakers scaled back production, resulting in widespread, chronic layoffs for autoworkers. ... More


How Corporate Reputations Are Formed and Work

Grahame R. Dowling

in Winning the Reputation Game: Creating Stakeholder Value and Competitive Advantage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034463
eISBN:
9780262335089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034463.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

If a company wants its key stakeholders to admire and respect it then it needs to know the basis on which these evaluations are based. It needs to understand how people form their reputations of ... More


Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Gaby Ramia, Kevin Farnsworth, and Zoe Irving (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The field of social policy has a rich history but policies on the ground are undergoing intensive change. Governments around the world are responding to political, economic and financial pressures, ... More


Social democracy and information

Penny Leonard

in Promoting welfare?: Government information policy and social citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344885
eISBN:
9781447303091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344885.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the connection between information and social democracy. It begins by examining the National Assistance Act from 1948 to 1966. This was followed by the Supplementary Benefits ... More


Distribution of the Benefits and Costs of Canada’s Federal Official Languages Policy: Results for 2001

Maxime Leblanc Desgagné and François Vaillancourt

in The Economics of Language Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034708
eISBN:
9780262335980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034708.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter is divided in three parts. The first describes the history of the main elements of the federal language policies then turns to the aggregate costs and benefits of the federal official ... More


Toward Human Research Protection That Is Evidence Based and Participant Centered

Michael McDonald, Susan Cox, and Anne Townsend

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter addresses a fundamental question of whether current research protection systems based on compliance with rules actually do what they purport to do – protect participants without ... More


Welfare Reform and the Valorisation of Work: is Work Really the best form of Welfare?

Ruth Patrick

in Social policies and social control: New perspectives on the ‘not-so-big society’

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447310747
eISBN:
9781447310778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310747.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

With clear links to this collection's exploration of the possible emergence of a 'new behaviourism', this chapter considers the Coalition's welfareto-work strategy and explores the valorisation of ... More


Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Malcolm Torry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

A Citizen's Income (sometimes called a Basic Income, a Universal Grant, a Social Dividend, or a Universal Benefit) is an unconditional, nonwithdrawable income for every individual as a right of ... More


The Mental Health Treatment Requirement: the promise and the practice

Francis Pakes and Jane Winstone

in Risk and rehabilitation: Management and treatment of substance misuse and mental health problems in the criminal justice system

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781447300205
eISBN:
9781447307778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300205.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Chapter Six examines the main treatment orders currently available to the courts. It addresses the use of the Mental Health Treatment Requirement (MHTR) and its usefulness in helping offenders who ... More


Introducing Universal Credit

Paul Spicker

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In Chapter One, author Paul Spicker interrogates the government's introduction of Universal Credit, a controversial scheme designed to unify various means-tested benefits for people of working age. ... More


The Economic and Social Benefits of GED Certification

James J. Heckman, John Eric Humphries, and Tim Kautz

in The Myth of Achievement Tests: The GED and the Role of Character in American Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226100098
eISBN:
9780226100128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100128.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter summarizes and extends the literature on the effects of GED certification. It estimates the social and economic benefits of GED certification for numerous adult outcomes using a variety ... More


Poverty and social insecurity

Tracy Shildrick, Robert MacDonald, Colin Webster, and Kayleigh Garthwaite

in Poverty and insecurity: Life in low-pay, no-pay Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781847429117
eISBN:
9781447307907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429117.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the consequences of long-term labour market insecurity and recurrent returns to unemployment. Informants rejected the label of ‘poverty’, distancing themselves from its negative ... More


How US politics is undermining the American Dream, and what it means for the UK

Jacob S. Hacker

in The squeezed middle: The pressure on ordinary workers in America and Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447308942
eISBN:
9781447310822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308942.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The final chapter argues that it is not economics alone that has caused the middle income squeeze, but also economic policy. A positive example of this can be seen in the way that Britain’s more ... More


Housing, the welfare state and the Coalition government

Alan Murie

in Social Policy Review 24: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2012

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781447304470
eISBN:
9781447307662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447304470.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter outlines recent changes in housing policy following the credit crunch after 2007, economic recession and the election of a new government in 2010. It reflects on yet another blueprint ... More


Discretionary payments in social assistance

Carol Walker

in Understanding street-level bureaucracy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447313267
eISBN:
9781447313298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447313267.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the importance of discretion in the British social assistance system. While both discretion as granted from the centre and discretion as used by officials at street level were ... More


Living with dementia in rural Ireland

Helen Rochford-Brennan

in Remote and Rural Dementia Care: Policy, Research and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447344957
eISBN:
9781447345350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447344957.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter sets out a series of recommendations for anyone who does not have dementia to consider based on the experience of living with dementia in rural Ireland. The author highlights how she has ... More


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