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Reforms to Canadian Social Security, 1996–7

Robert L. Brown

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter discusses Social Security reform in Canada in 1996-7. It argues that the C/QPP reforms of 1997 gave merely tweaks to the system as opposed to massive change, with most of the amendments ... More


Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More


Increased Income Inequality in OECD Countries and the Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget

Anthony B. Atkinson

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The recent rise in inequality in the distribution of disposable income in many, although not all, countries has led to a search for explanations, particularly since for much of the postwar period ... More


Investment and performance appraisal

Alan Peacock and Ilde Rizzo

in The Heritage Game: Economics, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213177
eISBN:
9780191707124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213177.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

To accord with the principle of consumer sovereignty, a first requirement is that where government funding is used, the choice of projects must required some method of eliciting individual ... More


The Odd Couple: Delaware and Public Benefit Corporations

Michael B. Dorff

in The Corporate Contract in Changing Times: Is the Law Keeping Up?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226599403
eISBN:
9780226599540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226599540.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Public Benefit Corporations (“PBCs”) are a revolutionary new form of business organization that overturn the fundamental corporate principle of shareholder wealth maximization. Of the many questions ... More


Inquiry and Belief on Authority

Blake D. Dutton

in Augustine and Academic Skepticism: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452932
eISBN:
9781501703553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452932.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines Augustine of Hippo's advocacy of belief on authority as a legitimate basis of philosophical inquiry and how it put him at odds with the Academics. Augustine's entry into the ... More


Housing Benefit in Britain: a troubled history and uncertain future

Peter A. Kemp

in Housing allowances in comparative perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347541
eISBN:
9781447302506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347541.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines income-related housing allowances in Great Britain, focusing on the largest of these, Housing Benefit. It briefly outlines the housing market and the social security policy ... More


The Economics of Flood Disaster Management in the Netherlands

Roy Brouwer and Marije Schaafsma

in The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199841936
eISBN:
9780199950157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841936.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A cost-benefit analysis of flood disaster managementin the Netherlands is presented in the context of climate change. The costs and benefits of potential emergency measures in designated flood ... More


Social security and welfare reform under New Labour

A. Kemp Peter

in Social Policy Review 17

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346704
eISBN:
9781447303442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346704.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter outlines the recent developments in social security policy. The analysis starts with a review of key themes in welfare reform since 1997. It is argued that New Labour has considerably ... More


Strategic pragmatism? The state of British housing policy

Mark Stephens and Deborah Quilgars

in Social Policy Review 18: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2006

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348449
eISBN:
9781447303459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348449.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter argues that Labour lacks a coherent strategy in relation to housing policy, and that government policy in relation to social housing, home ownership and homelessness is marked by a ... More


Canada: Taking Children Off Welfare

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 4 examines how Canadian policymakers’ renewed promise to tackle child poverty translated into the Child Tax Benefit, the nonrefundable Child Tax Credit, and the Working Income Tax Benefit. ... More


Paying for housing

David Clapham

in The meaning of housing: A pathways approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346384
eISBN:
9781447303893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346384.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the ways in which households pay for their housing. It highlights the lack of understanding on how and why households choose to spend very different amounts on housing. The ... More


From Plants to Pharmaceuticals

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Bitter Roots introduces an innovative new way to think about drug discovery from plants within a transnational perspective. It historicizes the process of drug discovery for each plant in a ... More


New Deal for Disabled People: what's new about New Deal?

Alan Roulstone and Colin Barnes

in Working futures?: Disabled people, policy and social inclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346261
eISBN:
9781447304333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346261.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses both the pilot and nationally extended versions of the NDDP. It briefly outlines the main features of the NDDP, and focuses on some of the key findings that have emerged from ... More


Harris’s principle of justice in health care

Ruth Macklin

in From reason to practice in bioethics: An anthology dedicated to the works of John Harris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096235
eISBN:
9781781708392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096235.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses Harris’s principle of justice in health care. Harris contends that his view is an equal opportunity principle of justice representing “the patient’s conception of benefit,” and ... More


Social security under the coalition and Conservatives: shredding the system for people of working age; privileging pensioners

Stephen McKay and Karen Rowlingson

in The Coalition Government and Social Policy: Restructuring the Welfare State

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447324560
eISBN:
9781447324584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447324560.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter considers the changes made to social security (‘welfare’) during the coalition government and the early days of the Conservative government. It makes clear that while the size of the ... More


Critically theorising young adult marginality: historical and contemporary perspectives

Shane Blackman and Ruth Rogers

in Youth Marginality in Britain: Contemporary Studies of Austerity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447330523
eISBN:
9781447330578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447330523.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Blackman and Rogers critically examines the use of popular images within the media whereby government have adopted punitive sanctions towards young adults in Britain. They develop a theoretical ... More


Routine sanctions, humiliation and human struggle: qualitative biographies of young people’s experience of live marginality

Linda Brooks

in Youth Marginality in Britain: Contemporary Studies of Austerity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447330523
eISBN:
9781447330578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447330523.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Linda Brooks examines the impact of the current government austerity measures experienced at a local charity based in the borough of Castle Point in Essex. Linda draws from first-hand experience of ... More


Reasons of Beneficence and Reason-Based Responsibility

Ingmar Persson

in From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676552
eISBN:
9780191755811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676552.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter it is pointed out, first, that even though the replacement of reasons of rights with reasons of beneficence is facilitated by the fact that the things to which we have rights benefit ... More


Universal Credit: overview and gender implications

Fran Bennett

in Social Policy Review 24: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2012

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781447304470
eISBN:
9781447307662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447304470.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

From October 2013, the UK government is introducing a new ‘super’ means-tested benefit, universal credit, bringing together various payments for those in and out of work. Its main goals are to ... More


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