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Fear of the Common Good and the Neglect of Justice

Alex John London

in For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197534830
eISBN:
9780197534861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534830.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter traces the practical and conceptual origins of eight problematic commitments including the perception that there is an inherent moral dilemma at the heart of research with humans and the ... More


Ethical Issues in BCI Research

Mary-Jane Schneider, Joseph J. Fins, and Jonathan R. Wolpaw

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the ethical issues raised by brain-computer interface (BCI) research in humans. It is organized around the three principles set out in the Belmont Report of 1978, which is ... More


The Ethics of Trials

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the ethics of clinical trials. The modern-day code for research on human beings, the Nüremberg Code, grew out of the Nüremberg War Crime trials; it was set forth in 1947. It ... More


Individual and Social Callousness toward Human Suffering

Daniel B. Hinshaw, Peter D. Jacobson, and Marisa P. Weisel

in Suffering and Bioethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199926176
eISBN:
9780199396788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926176.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines human indifference and callousness toward human suffering, particularly within the healing professions and medical research. A number of factors that may help elucidate ... More


Respect for Persons and Autonomy

Eric J. Cassell

in The Nature of Healing: The Modern Practice of Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195369052
eISBN:
9780199979103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369052.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

The overriding ethical precepts of clinical medicine are benevolence and respect for persons. Benevolence—a disposition to do good and promote the well-being of the patient—goes back to Hippocratic ... More


Setting the Stage: The Past and Present of Human Subjects Research Regulations

Amy L. Davis and Elisa A. Hurley

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter provides a summary of the major regulatory changes to the Common Rule proposed in the June 2011 Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM), places those changes in historical context, ... More


The Independent Evolution of Informed Consent to Research

Jessica W. Berg, Paul S. Appelbaum, Charles W. Lidz, and Lisa S. Parker

in Informed Consent: Legal Theory and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195126778
eISBN:
9780197561386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195126778.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Medical Ethics

Despite apparent similarities in the issues raised, informed consent in the research setting has evolved quite separately from informed consent to treatment. Consent to treatment is largely a ... More


Embracing the Black Experience

Alma J. Carten

in Find a Way or Make One: A Documentary History of Clark Atlanta University Whitney M. Young Jr. School of Social Work (1920-2020)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780197518465
eISBN:
9780197518496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197518465.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

In establishing context, this chapter examines the ways in which the system of enslavement continues to influence economic and well-being outcomes for black Atlantans. Events covered include the ... More


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