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Quantum Optics

John Garrison and Raymond Chiao

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Quantum optics is the field of physics describing the interaction of individual photons with matter, but in recent years it has expanded beyond pure physics to become an important driving force for ... More


Bell's theorem and its optical tests

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a review of the ideas of locality and realism which provide the basis for the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox. The general conditions defining a local, realistic theory are ... More


The 1960s: The Decade of Greatest Success

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During the 1960s, Bell produced his seminal work on the foundations of quantum theory, first showing that, contrary to von Neumann’s argument, hidden variable theories were allowed but then that they ... More


Bananaworld

Jeffrey Bub

in Bananaworld: Quantum Mechanics for Primates

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198718536
eISBN:
9780191819643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718536.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses a Bananaworld version of a correlation analyzed by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen in a 1935 argument for the incompleteness of quantum mechanics. This correlation can be ... More


Faster-than-Light Schemes: Quantum Reality

John C. H. Spence

in Lightspeed: The Ghostly Aether and the Race to Measure the Speed of Light

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841968
eISBN:
9780191878084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841968.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

Developments since Einstein are summarized. Our systems of units and their relationship to the speed of light. Light propagation in vacuum—what stuff is an electric field made of? Quantum field ... More


Bananaworld: Quantum Mechanics for Primates

Jeffrey Bub

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198718536
eISBN:
9780191819643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718536.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The fascinating discoveries of the new fields of quantum information, quantum computation, and quantum cryptography are brought to life in this book in a way that is accessible and interesting to a ... More


The Special Theory of Relativity and the Unreality of the Future

Michael Tooley

in Time, Tense, and Causation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the Special Theory of Relativity, there is no such thing as absolute simultaneity, contrary to the view defended in the book. However, this chapter demonstrates that the Special Theory ... More


The 1970s: Interest Increases

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Experiments on Bell’s theorem, or Bell’s inequality, were carried out by John Clauser and Stuart Freeman, whose results agreed with quantum theory, and by Richard Holt and Frank Pipkin, whose results ... More


Realism

Peter J. Lewis

in Quantum Ontology: A Guide to the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190469825
eISBN:
9780190469849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190469825.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

It is sometimes claimed that quantum mechanics undermines realism—that it should be taken only as an instrumental recipe, not as a description of the world. If so, then quantum mechanics has no ... More


John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Andrew Whitaker

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

John Stewart Bell was one of the most significant physicists of the twentieth century; his work has led to a much enhanced understanding of quantum theory and what it says about the physical ... More


Atoms and Light: Quantum Theory

Peter W. Milonni

in An Introduction to Quantum Optics and Quantum Fluctuations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199215614
eISBN:
9780191868689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199215614.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Some of the most basic aspects of the interaction of atoms with light are considered, with emphasis on distinctly quantum-electrodynamical effects. Absorption and stimulated emission are associated ... More


Skeletons in the cupboard

A. J. Leggett

in The Problems of Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211241
eISBN:
9780191706837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses three fundamental questions which the majority of the physics community believes are not worthy of attention and a minority believes are crucial and in urgent need of ... More


The Reality of Relations: The Case from Quantum Physics

Michael Esfeld

in The Metaphysics of Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter it is argued that the decisive argument against the reducibility of causal relations comes from quantum physics. Bell’s theorem proves that no dynamics based on the local, intrinsic ... More


Real and/or Local

Jeffrey A. Barrett

in The Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198844686
eISBN:
9780191889196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844686.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR) argued that quantum mechanics was incomplete. We consider their argument and the physical and philosophical intuitions that motivated it. Among their intuitions ... More


The Quantum Divide: Why Schrödinger's Cat is Either Dead or Alive

Christopher C. Gerry and Kimberley M. Bruno

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666560
eISBN:
9780191748646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666560.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Using a selection of key experiments performed over the past thirty years or so, this book presents a discussion of the strikingly counter-intuitive phenomena of the quantum world that defy ... More


Quantum Weirdness

William J. Mullin

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198795131
eISBN:
9780191836480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795131.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The predictions of quantum mechanics and their interpretation lead to many surprises, for example, the ability to detect the characteristics of an object without ever probing it in any way, via ... More


EPR and Bell’s theorem, and quantum algorithms

Ian R. Kenyon

in Quantum 20/20: Fundamentals, Entanglement, Gauge Fields, Condensates and Topology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198808350
eISBN:
9780191846052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808350.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

EPR showed that quantum mechanics is not a local deterministic theory and on this account they argued that it is incomplete. Quantum mechanics predicts correlations over time-like separations. The ... More


Measurement Theory

P.J.E. Peebles

in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews measurement theory in quantum mechanics. The measurement prescription in quantum mechanics can be stated in a few lines and has found an enormous range of applications, in all of ... More


First Encounter with Bell Nonlocality

Valerio Scarani

in Bell Nonlocality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198788416
eISBN:
9780191830327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788416.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter is a self-contained introduction to Bell nonlocality. After a very quick historical motivation, the setting and the definition of nonlocality are given. Five classic examples of Bell ... More


The Virtues of Separability and Locality

Alyssa Ney

in The World in the Wave Function: A Metaphysics for Quantum Physics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780190097714
eISBN:
9780190097745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190097714.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents the argument for wave function realism that it is the only realist interpretation of quantum theories that can maintain a fundamentally separable and local metaphysics. It is ... More


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