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Quantum information: primitive notions and quantum correlations

Valerio Scarani

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This series of introductory lectures consists of two parts. The first part reviews the basic notions of quantum physics and some primitives of quantum information. The latter are notions that one ... More


Quantum entanglement—introduction

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Mach–Zehnder interferometer experiment described earlier shows why and how quantum mechanics is different from classical mechanics. A photon sent through a beam splitter behaves like a particle ... More


New Probability Models and Their Logic

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

No common cause model can fit the phenomena that violate Bell's Inequalities; what sorts of probability models could do so? To answer this, we need to broaden our concept of statistical or ... More


The 1960s: The Decade of Greatest Success

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During the 1960s, Bell produced his seminal work on the foundations of quantum theory, first showing that, contrary to von Neumann’s argument, hidden variable theories were allowed but then that they ... More


Spacetime and the Quantum State

David Wallace

in The Emergent Multiverse: Quantum Theory according to the Everett Interpretation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199546961
eISBN:
9780191741418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546961.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

How is the microscopic ontology of quantum mechanics to be understood according to the Everett interpretation? And how, in particular, are we to understand concepts like spatial locality in ... More


Bananaworld: Quantum Mechanics for Primates

Jeffrey Bub

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198718536
eISBN:
9780191819643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718536.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The fascinating discoveries of the new fields of quantum information, quantum computation, and quantum cryptography are brought to life in this book in a way that is accessible and interesting to a ... More


EPR and Bell Theorem

M. Suhail Zubairy

in Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The first round of the Einstein–Bohr debates took place when Einstein challenged Bohr’s principle of complementarity at the Solvay conference in 1927 and Bohr successfully defended it. The most ... More


Einstein, Bohm, Bell, and the Derivation of Bell’s Inequality: Entanglement and Quantum Non-locality

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

By 1935, the Copenhagen interpretation had become the orthodoxy. Einstein needed to find a situation in which it is possible in principle to acquire knowledge of the state of a quantum system without ... More


The 1970s: Interest Increases

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Experiments on Bell’s theorem, or Bell’s inequality, were carried out by John Clauser and Stuart Freeman, whose results agreed with quantum theory, and by Richard Holt and Frank Pipkin, whose results ... More


Work of the Highest Calibre, and a Fine Life

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Bell was a fine physicist. He did important work on accelerators and on nuclear and particle physics, but he will be mostly remembered for his seminal work on the foundations of quantum theory. It ... More


John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Andrew Whitaker

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

John Stewart Bell was one of the most significant physicists of the twentieth century; his work has led to a much enhanced understanding of quantum theory and what it says about the physical ... More


Entanglement and the Elements of Reality

Frank S. Levin

in Surfing the Quantum World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808275
eISBN:
9780191846014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808275.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 14 examines entangled quantum systems, hidden variable theories and Bell’s inequality. In 1935, Einstein and collaborators, postulating the existence of elements of reality, analyzed an ... More


Relational Blockworld and Quantum Mechanics

Michael Silberstein, W.M. Stuckey, and Timothy McDevitt

in Beyond the Dynamical Universe: Unifying Block Universe Physics and Time as Experienced

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198807087
eISBN:
9780191844850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807087.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, History of Physics

The main thread of chapter 4 introduces some of the major mysteries and interpretational issues of quantum mechanics (QM). These mysteries and issues include: quantum superposition, quantum ... More


Randomness and Complexity

Steven E. Vigdor

in Signatures of the Artist: The Vital Imperfections That Make Our Universe Habitable

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198814825
eISBN:
9780191852954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814825.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 7 describes the fundamental role of randomness in quantum mechanics, in generating the first biomolecules, and in biological evolution. Experiments testing the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox ... More


Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

M. Suhail Zubairy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum mechanics is a highly successful yet a mysterious theory. Quantum Mechanics for Beginners provides an introduction of this fascinating subject to someone with only a high school background in ... More


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