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## Quantum information: primitive notions and quantum correlations

*Valerio Scarani*

### in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199603657
- eISBN:
- 9780191729515
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This series of introductory lectures consists of two parts. The first part reviews the basic notions of quantum physics and some primitives of quantum information. The latter are notions that one ... More

## Quantum entanglement—introduction

*Vlatko Vedral*

### in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199215706
- eISBN:
- 9780191706783
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Mach–Zehnder interferometer experiment described earlier shows why and how quantum mechanics is different from classical mechanics. A photon sent through a beam splitter behaves like a particle ... More

## New Probability Models and Their Logic

*Bas C. van Fraassen*

### in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

- Published in print:
- 1991
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198239802
- eISBN:
- 9780191597466
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198239807.003.0005
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

No common cause model can fit the phenomena that violate Bell's Inequalities; what sorts of probability models could do so? To answer this, we need to broaden our concept of statistical or ... More

## The 1960s: The Decade of Greatest Success

*Andrew Whitaker*

### in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- August 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198742999
- eISBN:
- 9780191802959
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

During the 1960s, Bell produced his seminal work on the foundations of quantum theory, first showing that, contrary to von Neumann’s argument, hidden variable theories were allowed but then that they ... More

## Spacetime and the Quantum State

*David Wallace*

### in The Emergent Multiverse: Quantum Theory according to the Everett Interpretation

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- September 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199546961
- eISBN:
- 9780191741418
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546961.003.0011
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

How is the microscopic ontology of quantum mechanics to be understood according to the Everett interpretation? And how, in particular, are we to understand concepts like spatial locality in ... More

## Bananaworld: Quantum Mechanics for Primates

*Jeffrey Bub*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- March 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198718536
- eISBN:
- 9780191819643
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718536.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The fascinating discoveries of the new fields of quantum information, quantum computation, and quantum cryptography are brought to life in this book in a way that is accessible and interesting to a ... More

## EPR and Bell Theorem

*M. Suhail Zubairy*

### in Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- June 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198854227
- eISBN:
- 9780191888649
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198854227.003.0012
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The first round of the Einstein–Bohr debates took place when Einstein challenged Bohr’s principle of complementarity at the Solvay conference in 1927 and Bohr successfully defended it. The most ... More

## Einstein, Bohm, Bell, and the Derivation of Bell’s Inequality: Entanglement and Quantum Non-locality

*Jim Baggott*

### in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- January 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198827856
- eISBN:
- 9780191866579
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0013
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

By 1935, the Copenhagen interpretation had become the orthodoxy. Einstein needed to find a situation in which it is possible in principle to acquire knowledge of the state of a quantum system without ... More

## The 1970s: Interest Increases

*Andrew Whitaker*

### in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- August 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198742999
- eISBN:
- 9780191802959
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

Experiments on Bell’s theorem, or Bell’s inequality, were carried out by John Clauser and Stuart Freeman, whose results agreed with quantum theory, and by Richard Holt and Frank Pipkin, whose results ... More

## Work of the Highest Calibre, and a Fine Life

*Andrew Whitaker*

### in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- August 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198742999
- eISBN:
- 9780191802959
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

Bell was a fine physicist. He did important work on accelerators and on nuclear and particle physics, but he will be mostly remembered for his seminal work on the foundations of quantum theory. It ... More

## John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

*Andrew Whitaker*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- August 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198742999
- eISBN:
- 9780191802959
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

John Stewart Bell was one of the most significant physicists of the twentieth century; his work has led to a much enhanced understanding of quantum theory and what it says about the physical ... More

## Entanglement and the Elements of Reality

*Frank S. Levin*

### in Surfing the Quantum World

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- November 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198808275
- eISBN:
- 9780191846014
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198808275.003.0015
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 14 examines entangled quantum systems, hidden variable theories and Bell’s inequality. In 1935, Einstein and collaborators, postulating the existence of elements of reality, analyzed an ... More

## Relational Blockworld and Quantum Mechanics

*Michael Silberstein, W.M. Stuckey, and Timothy McDevitt*

### in Beyond the Dynamical Universe: Unifying Block Universe Physics and Time as Experienced

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- March 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198807087
- eISBN:
- 9780191844850
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198807087.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, History of Physics

The main thread of chapter 4 introduces some of the major mysteries and interpretational issues of quantum mechanics (QM). These mysteries and issues include: quantum superposition, quantum ... More

## Randomness and Complexity

*Steven E. Vigdor*

### in Signatures of the Artist: The Vital Imperfections That Make Our Universe Habitable

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- March 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198814825
- eISBN:
- 9780191852954
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198814825.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 7 describes the fundamental role of randomness in quantum mechanics, in generating the first biomolecules, and in biological evolution. Experiments testing the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox ... More

## Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

*M. Suhail Zubairy*

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- June 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198854227
- eISBN:
- 9780191888649
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198854227.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum mechanics is a highly successful yet a mysterious theory. Quantum Mechanics for Beginners provides an introduction of this fascinating subject to someone with only a high school background in ... More

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