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Saadiah Gaon

Robert Eisen

in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171532
eISBN:
9780199785162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171532.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This analysis of Saadiah’s reading of Job begins with a brief summary of his discussion of the suffering of the righteous in Beliefs and Opinions, where he lays out the philosophical ideas that are ... More


Citizens and the State

Hans-Dieter Klingemann and Dieter Fuchs (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294733
eISBN:
9780191599699
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294735.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is the first in the ‘Beliefs in government’ series, and examines the general consensus that the relationship between citizens and the state in Western European societies have undergone a ... More


Contract

Ian Bostridge

in Witchcraft and its Transformations c.1650–c.1750

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206538
eISBN:
9780191677205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206538.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the political context of beliefs about witchcraft in England in the 17th century and the ideological function of these beliefs among the English elite. It analyses the differing ... More


Causal Explanation

Rowland Stout

in Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Three reasons are used to interpolate a chapter on causal explanation into a book about agency. First, the book claims that both the Argument from False Beliefs and the Argument from the Impotence of ... More


The Philosophical Conception of an Independent Reality

Barry Stroud

in The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Analyses the possibility of objective knowledge of an independent reality, characterised by its independence from knowledge and belief, through a process of testing the correspondence of beliefs to ... More


Perception, Predication, and Belief

Barry Stroud

in The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examines psychological facts such as colour, focusing on thoughts, beliefs and perceptions, while analysing how they relate to physical facts. Perceptions of colour need to be acknowledged separately ... More


Morals

Barry Stroud

in The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that the investigation of the relation between the human conception of reality and objective reality requires a determinate conception of the world, the identification of beliefs, and ... More


SUPERSTITIONS—continued

Edward William Lane and Jason Thompson

in An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789774165603
eISBN:
9781617975516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165603.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapters looks at the various written charms—such as certain passages from the Quran or the names of God—that were worn, engraved, or hung up, as well as the rituals to protect against disease, ... More


Religion and Laws.

Edward William Lane and Jason Thompson

in An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789774165603
eISBN:
9781617975516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165603.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Looking at Sunni Muslims, this chapter starts with the four schools (the Hanafis, the Shafi‘is, the Makikis, and the Hanbalis), and who adheres to which school. It provides a summation of the basic ... More


The Vanguard Will Be the Guerrilla Movement, 1968–1979

Anna Clayfield

in The Guerrilla Legacy of the Cuban Revolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781683400899
eISBN:
9781683401308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400899.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter explores how guerrilla motifs were still readily discernible in the official discourse of the 1970s. Scholarly studies have often overlooked this period in the Revolution’s trajectory, ... More


The Epistemic Innocence Project

Lisa Bortolotti

in The Epistemic Innocence of Irrational Beliefs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198863984
eISBN:
9780191896262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863984.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Human agents do not simply survive but navigate their world quite successfully despite being inclined to adopt and hang onto irrational beliefs. In this introductory chapter, the author justifies the ... More


Distorted Memory Beliefs

Lisa Bortolotti

in The Epistemic Innocence of Irrational Beliefs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198863984
eISBN:
9780191896262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863984.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the author argues that beliefs about the past that are based on distorted autobiographical memories have the potential for epistemic innocence. The focus is on beliefs about the past ... More


Contractualism

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of Immanuel Kant's contractualism. It first considers the Rational Agreement Formula, which says everyone ought to follow the principles to whose ... More


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