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COINs and Communications Technology

Peter A. Gloor

in Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage through Collaborative Innovation Networks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304121
eISBN:
9780199789771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304121.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter shows how new communications technologies have pushed COINs to the tipping point. Aspects of online behavior — the “Three Dimensions of Online Behavior” — are discussed in the context of ... More


Understanding Behavior Change: The Theory Behind Informing, Motivating, and Planning for Health

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews theoretical models that have guided thinking and research on health behavior change, providing a historical perspective on major developments in the field. Included in this ... More


Children’s Psychological Functioning

Wendy Haight, Teresa Ostler, James Black, and Linda Kingery

in Helping Children of Rural, Methamphetamine-Involved Families: The Case of Rural Illinois

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326055
eISBN:
9780199864461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326055.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Communities and Organizations

This chapter describes the psychological functioning of school-aged children in foster care because of parental methamphetamine misuse. In semi-structured interviews, children described emotional ... More


Tearing Off the Veil: Women and Girls Respond to the Kinsey Reports

Amanda H. Littauer

in Bad Girls: Young Women, Sex, and Rebellion before the Sixties

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469623788
eISBN:
9781469625195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469623788.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter analyzes the responses of young women towards Alfred Kinsey's reports published in his Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953). This publication is packed with statistics about issues ... More


Acts of Mathematical Creation

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Despite the ex post facto identification of a number of “anticipations” of game-theoretic results through history, it is generally agreed that modern game theory’s founding work was mathematician ... More


Kinsey’s Bibliographer

Susan G. Davis

in Dirty Jokes and Bawdy Songs: The Uncensored Life of Gershon Legman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042614
eISBN:
9780252051456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042614.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In the early 1940s, Legman’s work with Robert L. Dickinson led to a job with University of Indiana biology professor Alfred C. Kinsey. This chapter shows Legman working as a bibliographer and rare ... More


Making Things Better: A Workbook on Ritual, Cultural Values, and Environmental Behavior

A. David Napier

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199969357
eISBN:
9780199346097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969357.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Making Things Better demonstrates how non-Western exchange practices and beliefs can redress the ills of contemporary economic systems in which our relationship to material things ... More


Links between Temperament and Behavior Problems in Early Adolescence

Stephanie Schmitz and Kimberly J. Saudino

in Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195157475
eISBN:
9780199848065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157475.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

There is growing interest in clinical and developmental psychology in the antecedents of problem behavior in children. One of the possible antecedents ... More


The Sociocultural Brain: A Cultural Neuroscience Approach to Human Nature

Shihui Han

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198743194
eISBN:
9780191840210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743194.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Is the human brain shaped by our sociocultural experiences, and if so, how? What are the neural correlates of cultural diversity of human behavior? Do genes interact with sociocultural experiences to ... More


Evolving Concepts of Working Memory

John T.E. Richardson

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the evolution of the concept of working memory. It explains that the expression of working memory was first used in the book Plans and the Structure of Behavior, which is widely ... More


Introduction: The Door to the Family Home

Eve M. Brank

in The Psychology of Family Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781479865413
eISBN:
9781479882601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479865413.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Family law can be analogized to a door to the family home representing how the family is sometimes open to more or less government involvement depending on the family situation. Family law is vast ... More


The Private Argument between Chester Barnard and Herbert Simon about the Boundaries of Management Science

in Creating New Knowledge in Management: Appropriating the Field's Lost Foundations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770750
eISBN:
9780804778374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770750.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines Chester Barnard's epistemology for a management science and his argument with Herbert Simon, founder of organization science. Simon separated research from experience, thus ... More


Gary S. Becker

Roger W. Spencer and David A. Macpherson

in Lives of the Laureates: Twenty-three Nobel Economists

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027960
eISBN:
9780262325868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027960.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes the work of Gary S. Becker as an economist of diverse interests, and as a Nobel Prize awardee. Becker was born in 1930 and received his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of ... More


Edible Insects and the Genus Homo

Julie J. Lesnik

in Edible Insects and Human Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056999
eISBN:
9780813053776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056999.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In this second paleoanthropology chapter, the focus shifts to later human evolution with members of the genus Homo. Over the evolution of our genus, morphology and behaviors emerge that are more ... More


Which Aspects of Heterogeneity Are Useful to Translational Success?

Aiden Corvin, Robert W. Buchanan, William T. Carpenter, James L. Kennedy, Matcheri S. Keshavan, Angus W. MacDonald, Louis Sass, and Michéle Wessa

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Schizophrenia brings challenges of heterogeneity at multiple levels related to symptomatology, behavior, outcome, genetics, and pathophysiology. The clinical disorder may capture more than one ... More


Tough Times to Be Talking Systematicity

Ken Aizawa

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

During the 1980's and 1990's Fodor, McLaughlin, and Pylyshyn claimed that thought is in various respects systematic. Further, they argued that so-called “Classical” syntactically and semantically ... More


Sex and Gender

Turk Rhen and David Crews

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0017
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

In this chapter, sex will refer to the central process of meiosis and syngamy in eukaryotic organisms. Although some form of sexuality characterizes the life cycle of many eukaryotic organisms ... More


“You win some, you lose some”: Hard Work and the Black Pursuit of the American Dream

Christina M. Greer

in Black Ethnics: Race, Immigration, and the Pursuit of the American Dream

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989300
eISBN:
9780199346332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989300.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 4 offers a detailed account of the feelings and perceptions of foreign-born and native-born black union members using the SSEU Local 371 Survey. This chapter argues that even if black ... More


Thought Gems: Inferencing from the Impersonal Crystalline

Barbara Maria Stafford

in Ribbon of Darkness: Inferencing from the Shadowy Arts and Sciences

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226630489
eISBN:
9780226630656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226630656.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Anthropologists have discovered that, globally, the older old religions were animistic. From Ovid’s shape-shifting metamorphosis of stones to Carl Jung’s study of the “psychification” of rocks, ... More


A World without Pretense?: Alan J. Fridlund’s Behavioral Ecology View

Ruth Leys

in The Ascent of Affect: Genealogy and Critique

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226488424
eISBN:
9780226488738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226488738.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Alan J. Fridlund's critique of Ekman's Basic Emotion Theory. One reason for the success of Ekman's theory is that it appears to solve the problem of deception in everyday life ... More


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