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The Shaping of Political Economy in the Milanese Enlightenment

TILL WAHNBAECK

in Luxury and Public Happiness: Political Economy in the Italian Enlightenment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199269839
eISBN:
9780191710056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269839.003.0010
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter discusses the influence of Pietro Verri on the economic debate in Lombardy. It also investigates how Verri formulated his economic thoughts. It explains that the key engine and fuel to ... More


Pietro Verri, Cesare Beccaria, and the Beginning of the Debate

TILL WAHNBAECK

in Luxury and Public Happiness: Political Economy in the Italian Enlightenment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199269839
eISBN:
9780191710056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269839.003.0009
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter discusses how the Accademia dei Pugni acted as the single mouthpiece of the Enlightenment in Lombardy through the academy's journal, the Il Caffè. It adds that the academy was formed by ... More


Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy

H. L. A. Hart

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254683
eISBN:
9780191681509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254683.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book is both an exposition and a critical assessment of some central issues in jurisprudence and political theory. Chapter themes include Bentham's identification of the forms of mystification ... More


Theorizing a New Death Penalty: Penal Reform on the Eve of the Revolution

Paul Friedland

in Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

Scattered utopian and humanist writers had long imagined that prisons or forced labor might one day replace the death penalty, but it was only in the 1740s that punishment was explored from a ... More


Laws and Punishments

Clive Emsley

in Crime, Police, and Penal Policy: European Experiences 1750-1940

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202850
eISBN:
9780191707995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202850.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter looks at the systems and practices of criminal law in Europe towards the end of the old regime. It contrasts the Roman Law codes of much of continental Europe, where the Constitutio ... More


Hume's ‘Meek’ Philosophy among the Milanese

Emilio Mazza

in Impressions of Hume

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199256525
eISBN:
9780191719707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256525.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks closely at the reception of Hume's ideas in the 18th-century ‘coterie de Milan’: Alessandro and Pietro Verri and Cesare Beccaria. Alessandro, a traveller to Paris and London in ... More


Abolishing Torture and the Uprising of the Rule of Law

J. M. Bernstein

in Torture and Dignity: An Essay on Moral Injury

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226266329
eISBN:
9780226266466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226266466.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Discipline and Punish, Foucault offers a stark contrast between two images of punishment: the tortured body of the regicide Damiens versus the austere disciplinary regime of a prison for young ... More


The Terror of the Laws: Crime and Punishment

Ronald Schechter

in A Genealogy of Terror in Eighteenth-Century France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226499574
eISBN:
9780226499604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226499604.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Throughout the eighteenth century judicial commentators justified punishment in terms of the terror it would instill in criminals and potential criminals. They referred to it as a frein or brake on ... More


Bentham and Beccaria

H. L. A. Hart

in Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254683
eISBN:
9780191681509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254683.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter attempts to assess Bentham's debt to a European thinker, Beccaria, whom Bentham admired as the first to distinguish clearly between the functions of Expositor and Censor. It provides ... More


Music and Torture: The Stigmata of Sound and Sense

Peter Szendy

in Speaking about Torture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242245
eISBN:
9780823242283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242245.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

While there are now numerous accounts of the use of music as a means of torture, this chapter sets recent practices in the context of a larger history of sonorous violence. After having sketched the ... More


Romantic Poet Legislators: An End of Torture

Julie A. Carlson

in Speaking about Torture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242245
eISBN:
9780823242283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242245.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers the resurgence of debates regarding the legitimacy of torture in the context of British Romantic-era affirmations of the centrality of imagination and the arts to social policy ... More


The Rule of Law

J. M. Bernstein

in Political Concepts: A Critical Lexicon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780823276684
eISBN:
9780823277285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276684.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the concept of rule of law. It examines Gustav Radbruch's theory since his argument against the extremes of Nazi law was a pivotal moment in the re-emergence of antipositivist ... More


Deterrence

Michael Tonry

in Doing Justice, Preventing Crime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780195320503
eISBN:
9780197523094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195320503.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

There is no need to choose between punishing offenders justly and preventing crime. Zero-sum games exist, but this is not one. It is in the nature of things that convictions and punishments have ... More


For and Against Clemency

Ian O'Donnell

in Justice, Mercy, and Caprice: Clemency and the Death Penalty in Ireland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198798477
eISBN:
9780191839467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798477.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Clemency tends to make philosophers of punishment uncomfortable, whatever their predilections. For retributivists it is problematic because it threatens equality of treatment and introduces ... More


‘Let Us Attack Injustice at Its Source’: Crime Literature in an Era of Revolution and Reform

Andrew Pepper

in Unwilling Executioner: Crime Fiction and the State

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198716181
eISBN:
9780191784347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716181.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter examines the context for penal reform in the second half of the eighteenth century as a pan-European phenomenon and brings together political works by Cesare Beccaria, Voltaire, and ... More


Beccaria’s On Crimes and Punishments: A Mirror on the History of the Foundations of Modern Criminal Law

Bernard E Harcourt

in Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199673612
eISBN:
9780191751745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673612.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Legal History

Beccaria’s treatise On Crimes and Punishments (1764) has become a placeholder for the classical school of thought in criminology, for deterrence-based public policy, for death penalty abolitionism, ... More


Blackstone’s Criminal Law: Common-Law Harmonization and Legislative Reform

Simon Stern

in Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199673612
eISBN:
9780191751745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673612.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Legal History

This chapter discusses the fourth volume of Blackstone’s Commentaries (1769), asking what contribution this volume makes to English criminal law. Issues addressed include the general structure of ... More


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