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Biotechnology Dilemma 1: Patented Research Tools and Experimental Use

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Research tools used by scientists are essential for innovation in the biotechnology industry. In recent years, the patenting of such tools has skyrocketed with many scholars and organizations ... More


Commercializing University Technology and the Role of Start-Up Companies

Don Rose and Cam Patterson

in Research To Revenue: A Practical Guide to University Start-Ups

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625263
eISBN:
9781469625287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625263.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Universities are a rich source of scientific innovations. Translating these innovations into high-impact products and services involves commercialization of the innovation. The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 ... More


How an American technology cluster emerged and became sustainable: San Diego biotechnology

Steven Casper

in Creating Silicon Valley in Europe: Public Policy Towards New Technology Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269525
eISBN:
9780191710025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269525.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

The ability of the US economy to generate new technology industries, such as biotechnology, provides support to the contention that liberal market economies (LMEs) have a comparative institutional ... More


An Entrepreneur’s Guide to the University

Fiona Murray and Julian Kolev

in The Chicago Handbook of University Technology Transfer and Academic Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226178349
eISBN:
9780226178486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226178486.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The questions addressed in this chapter are: How can entrepreneurs engage effectively with universities to translate novel advances in science and engineering from idea to impact? What are the legal ... More


The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980

Dennis Patrick Leyden and Albert N. Link

in Public Sector Entrepreneurship: U.S. Technology and Innovation Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199313853
eISBN:
9780190220976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199313853.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter argues that the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, which allows small businesses and nonprofit organizations—especially universities—to take ownership of inventions funded with government support, ... More


Accountability, Government Rights, and the Public Interest: A Thirty-Year Retrospective

Arti Rai and Bhaven Sampat

in The Chicago Handbook of University Technology Transfer and Academic Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226178349
eISBN:
9780226178486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226178486.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter examines the public interest provisions of the Bayh-Dole Act. A key aspect of protecting the public interest, in terms of this legislation, was a set of compliance and reporting ... More


Who Owns What? Private Ownership and Public Interest

Doogab Yi

in The Recombinant University: Genetic Engineering and the Emergence of Stanford Biotechnology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226143835
eISBN:
9780226216119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226216119.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 analyzes how academic institutions, government agencies, and the nascent biotechnology industry argued about the legal ownership of recombinant DNA technology in the name of the public ... More


Philanthropy, Self-Interest, and Accountability: American Universities and Developing Countries

Devesh Kapur

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter looks at the role that academics have come to play in the developing world as consultants, educators, and practitioners. Universities and academics stand to profit enormously from these ... More


Intellectual Property: Who Owns Your Inventions, Words, Data, and Specimens?

in Law in the Laboratory: A Guide to the Ethics of Federally Funded Science Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101644
eISBN:
9780226101668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101668.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter examines intellectual property—patents and copyrights and the laws that govern ownership, including the Bayh–Dole Act, and the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986. It also examines ... More


A Better Remedy

Fran Quigley

in Prescription for the People: An Activist's Guide to Making Medicine Affordable for All

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713750
eISBN:
9781501713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713750.003.0021
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Current law, along with limited changes to existing law, both provide many opportunities for access to affordable generic medicines. There are far better ways to develop medicines and to ensure ... More


Uneven Ascent 1980–1994

Robert McCaughey

in A Lever Long Enough: A History of Columbia's School of Engineering and Applied Science Since 1864

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166881
eISBN:
9780231537520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166881.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines developments at Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) during the years 1980–1994. The departure in 1980 of William J. McGill as Columbia ... More


What Is to Be Done

Benjamin Ginsberg

in The Fall of the Faculty: The Rise of the All-Administrative University and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199782444
eISBN:
9780197563151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199782444.003.0010
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

Professors, Taken As a group, are far from perfect. They can be petty, foolish, venal, lazy, and quarrelsome. Nevertheless, at its best, the university is a ... More


What Is Academic Research?

James W. Dean Jr. and Deborah Y. Clarke

in The Insider's Guide to Working with Universities: Practical Insights for Board Members, Businesspeople, Entrepreneurs, Philanthropists, Alumni, Parents, and Administrators

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469653419
eISBN:
9781469653433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653419.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This chapter explains the nature and importance of university research in various fields, how and what research is funded, and the management and monetization of intellectual property.


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