## Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

*Jon Williamson*

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198530794
- eISBN:
- 9780191712982
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book provides an introduction to, and analysis of, the use of Bayesian nets in causal modelling. It puts forward new conceptual foundations for causal network modelling: The book argues that ... More

## In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

*Jon Williamson*

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- September 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199228003
- eISBN:
- 9780191711060
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Bayesian epistemology aims to answer the following question: How strongly should an agent believe the various propositions expressible in her language? Subjective Bayesians hold that.it is largely ... More

## INTRODUCTION

*Jon Williamson*

### in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198530794
- eISBN:
- 9780191712982
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes the central claims of the book. From a philosophical point of view, the book argues for an objective Bayesian interpretation of probability and an epistemic interpretation of ... More

## TWO-STAGE BAYESIAN NETS

*Jon Williamson*

### in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198530794
- eISBN:
- 9780191712982
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Objective Bayesianism yields a justification of the causal Markov condition: in certain circumstances, the objective Bayesian net is just the causal net and so the causal net is an appropriate ... More

## Democracy as a Bayesian Persuader

*Robert E. Goodin*

### in Reflective Democracy

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780199256174
- eISBN:
- 9780191599354
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199256179.003.0006
- Subject:
- Political Science, Political Theory

Shows how Bayesian thinking should make democratic outcomes so rationally compelling. Bayes's formula provides a mathematical expression for specifying exactly how we ought rationally to update our a ... More

## Rationalizing Persisting Opposition

*Robert E. Goodin*

### in Reflective Democracy

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780199256174
- eISBN:
- 9780191599354
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199256179.003.0007
- Subject:
- Political Science, Political Theory

This is the last of four chapters on belief democracy, and discusses how to rationalize persistent opposition in the light of Wollheim's paradox (how can you vote one way, and then immediately accept ... More

## PROBABILITY

*Jon Williamson*

### in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198530794
- eISBN:
- 9780191712982
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Probability functions over domains of variables are introduced, as are the various interpretations of probability, including the frequency, propensity, chance, and Bayesian interpretations. The ... More

## Bayesianism—its Scope and Limits

*Elliott Sober*

### in Bayes's Theorem

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780197263419
- eISBN:
- 9780191734175
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- British Academy
- DOI:
- 10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0002
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the scope and limits of Bayesianism. The first topics discussed are the math and philosophy embedded in Bayesianism and the standard objection to Bayesianism. The concept of ... More

## Analogy and Symmetry

*Paul F. A. Bartha*

### in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- May 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780195325539
- eISBN:
- 9780199776313
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0008
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter has two purposes. First, it explores the connection between analogical reasoning and symmetry to provide a second justification for the argument form, independent of the one offered in ... More

## An epistemological argument for the meta‐theoretic conception of laws

*John T. Roberts*

### in The Law-Governed Universe

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199557707
- eISBN:
- 9780191721052
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0004
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that if the universe is governed by laws of nature, then particular laws of nature cannot be discovered by empirical science unless the meta‐theoretic conception of laws is ... More

## Deontic Constraint

*Joseph Heath*

### in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195370294
- eISBN:
- 9780199871230
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0004
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a summary of the classical sociological solution to the problem of order advanced by Talcott Parsons. The central flaw in the solution is simply that it lacks deliberative ... More

## God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

*Herman Philipse*

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- May 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199697533
- eISBN:
- 9780191738470
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.001.0001
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a critical examination of the philosophical strategies for defending religious belief. The main strategies may be presented as conforming to the end nodes of a decision tree for a ... More

## Introduction*

*Richard Swinburne*

### in Bayes's Theorem

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780197263419
- eISBN:
- 9780191734175
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- British Academy
- DOI:
- 10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0001
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter introduces Bayes' Theorem, which is primarily concerned with probability. It discusses some of the different kinds of probability, such as statistical probability, before moving on to a ... More

## Bayesianism in Statistics

*Colin Howson*

### in Bayes's Theorem

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780197263419
- eISBN:
- 9780191734175
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- British Academy
- DOI:
- 10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0003
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses Bayesianism in statistics. The first section of the chapter is devoted to the First Bayesian Theory, which is immediately followed by a discussion of significance tests and the ... More

## Wittgensteinian Bayesianism

*Paul Horwich*

### in From a Deflationary Point of View

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- April 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780199251261
- eISBN:
- 9780191602252
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199251266.003.0007
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay discusses the programme called ‘therapeutic Bayesianism’ from three abstract points of view: substantial, foundational, and meta-philosophical. It illustrates treatments of the ‘raven’ ... More

## Knowledge in a Social World

*Alvin I. Goldman*

- Published in print:
- 1999
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198238201
- eISBN:
- 9780191597527
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198238207.001.0001
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A certain conception of social epistemology is articulated and applied to numerous social arenas. This conception retains epistemology's traditional interest in truth and reliable inquiry, but ... More

## Epistemic Probability: Some Current Views

*Alvin Plantinga*

### in Warrant and Proper Function

- Published in print:
- 1993
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195078640
- eISBN:
- 9780199872213
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195078640.003.0008
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In circumstances where one proposition A (or group of propositions G) is propositional evidence for another proposition B, my believing A (or G) can confer warrant (for me) upon B. I use the term ... More

## Bayesian Coherentism and Warrant

*Alvin Plantinga*

### in Warrant: The Current Debate

- Published in print:
- 1993
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195078626
- eISBN:
- 9780199833559
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195078624.003.0006
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, I outline the essentials of Bayesianism (also known as Bayesian Coherentism) and ask whether it contributes to a satisfying account of warrant. From the perspective of my overall ... More

## Bayesian Coherentism and Rationality

*Alvin Plantinga*

### in Warrant: The Current Debate

- Published in print:
- 1993
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195078626
- eISBN:
- 9780199833559
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195078624.003.0007
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Rationality, although distinct from warrant, is a notion both interesting in its own right and important for a solid understanding of warrant. In this chapter, I first disambiguate at least five ... More

## Scientific Knowledge

*Philip Kitcher*

### in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

- Published in print:
- 2002
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195130058
- eISBN:
- 9780199833481
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195130057.003.0014
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Scientific Knowledge,” Philip Kitcher challenges arguments that deny the truth of the theoretical claims of science, and he attempts to discover reasons for endorsing the truth of such claims. He ... More