## External Bayesian Analysis for Computer Simulators *

*Michael Goldstein*

### in Bayesian Statistics 9

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199694587
- eISBN:
- 9780191731921
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Computer simulators offer a powerful approach for studying complex physical systems. We consider their use in current practice and the role of external uncertainty in bridging the gap between the ... More

## Principles of Probability

*N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten*

### in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691159287
- eISBN:
- 9781400866557
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0003
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the rules of probability as well as probability distributions. Because models are inherently, deliberately approximate, there comes a need to understand the approximation ... More

## Momentum density studies by the Maximum Entropy Method

*L. Dobrzyński*

### in X-Ray Compton Scattering

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198501688
- eISBN:
- 9780191718045
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM). It begins with a general introduction to MEM, then develops the application to the reconstruction of the three-dimensional electron density ... More

## Bayesian Meta-analysis

*Christopher H. Schmid and Kerrie Mengersen*

### in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691137285
- eISBN:
- 9781400846184
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0011
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces a Bayesian approach to meta-analysis. It discusses the ways in which a Bayesian approach differs from the method of moments and maximum likelihood methods described in ... More

## Bayesian dynamic modelling

*West Mike*

### in Bayesian Theory and Applications

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199695607
- eISBN:
- 9780191744167
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0008
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter focuses on some key models and ideas in Bayesian time series and forecasting, along with extracts from a few time series analysis and forecasting examples. It discusses specific ... More

## Extensions

*Francis X. Diebold and Glenn D. Rudebusch*

### in Yield Curve Modeling and Forecasting: The Dynamic Nelson-Siegel Approach

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691146805
- eISBN:
- 9781400845415
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691146805.003.0004
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter highlights aspects of the vibrant ongoing research program associated with the ideas developed in earlier chapters. It begins with a collage-style sketch of work involving Bayesian ... More

## Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models

*Edward P. Herbst and Frank Schorfheide*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691161082
- eISBN:
- 9781400873739
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691161082.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models have become one of the workhorses of modern macroeconomics and are extensively used for academic research as well as forecasting and policy ... More

## Uncertainty in Foreign Policy Making: Changing Relations among South Korea, North Korea, and the United States of America in the Twenty-First Century

*HeeMin Kim*

### in Korean Democracy in Transition: A Rational Blueprint for Developing Societies

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780813129945
- eISBN:
- 9780813135748
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University Press of Kentucky
- DOI:
- 10.5810/kentucky/9780813129945.003.0006
- Subject:
- Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the changing political situation on the Korean peninsula. It establishes that the situation is amenable to Bayesian game analysis and presents an analysis of Bayesian games ... More

## Empirical Models

*Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo*

### in A Model Discipline: Political Science and the Logic of Representations

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- May 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780195382198
- eISBN:
- 9780199932399
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382198.003.0005
- Subject:
- Political Science, Comparative Politics

Empirical models are the subject of this chapter. We begin by defining what an empirical model is and its relationship to the data. We discuss how to understand an empirical model under the ... More

## Bayes, Hume, Price, and Miracles

*John Earman*

### in Bayes's Theorem

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780197263419
- eISBN:
- 9780191734175
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- British Academy
- DOI:
- 10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0005
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the Bayesian analysis of miracles. It is set in the context of the eighteenth-century debate on miracles. The discussion is focused on the probable response of Thomas Bayes to ... More

## Bayesian Theory and Applications

*Paul Damien, Petros Dellaportas, Nicholas G. Polson, and David A. Stephens (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199695607
- eISBN:
- 9780191744167
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The development of hierarchical models and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques forms one of the most profound advances in Bayesian analysis since the 1970s and provides the basis for advances ... More

## Bayesian estimation of parameters

*J. Durbin and S.J. Koopman*

### in Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods: Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199641178
- eISBN:
- 9780191774881
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641178.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the use of importance sampling for the estimation of parameters in Bayesian analysis for models of Part I and Part II. It first develops the analysis of the linear Gaussian ... More

## Inverse problems

*Fox Colin, Haario Heikki, and Christen J Andrés*

### in Bayesian Theory and Applications

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199695607
- eISBN:
- 9780191744167
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0031
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the features that are characteristic for the problems most typically treated under the umbrella of inverse problems. It begins by listing representative examples of inverse ... More

## The Use of Proximal Information Scent to Forage for Distal Content on the World Wide Web

*Peter Pirolli*

### in Adaptive Perspectives on Human–Technology Interaction: Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780195374827
- eISBN:
- 9780199847693
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374827.003.0022
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes information foraging research on use of the World Wide Web (the Web). The particular focus is placed on a psychological theory of information scent that is embedded in a ... More

## Morphological analogy: Only a beginning

*John Goldsmith*

### in Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199547548
- eISBN:
- 9780191720628
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547548.003.0007
- Subject:
- Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

A range of approaches to word structure assume segmentation of words into morphs. This chapter proposes explicit algorithm that takes natural language text as its input, and produces the ... More

## Rational analysis as a link between human memory and information retrieval

*Mark Steyvers and Thomas L. Griffiths*

### in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199216093
- eISBN:
- 9780191695971
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0015
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a complementary Bayesian analysis of the problem of memory retrieval. A Bayesian model that is able both to classify words into semantically coherent groups, merely from ... More

## Oil Shocks in a DSGE Model for the Korean Economy

*Sungbae An and Kang Heedon*

### in Commodity Prices and Markets

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- February 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780226386898
- eISBN:
- 9780226386904
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University of Chicago Press
- DOI:
- 10.7208/chicago/9780226386904.003.0010
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes the oil shocks using a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model for the Korean economy. The Korean economy depends entirely on imports for its acquisition of crude ... More

## The Portrait Problem: Bayesian Inference with Joint Likelihood

*Therese M. Donovan and Ruth M. Mickey*

### in Bayesian Statistics for Beginners: a step-by-step approach

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- July 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198841296
- eISBN:
- 9780191876820
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198841296.003.0007
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Chapter 7 discusses the “Portrait Problem,” which concerns the dispute about whether a portrait frequently associated with Thomas Bayes (and used, in fact, as the cover of this book!) is actually a ... More

## Bayesians, Frequentists, and the Dna Database Search Controversy

### in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- March 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780226498065
- eISBN:
- 9780226498089
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University of Chicago Press
- DOI:
- 10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0009
- Subject:
- History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which discusses the controversy among statisticians in the United States over the analysis of DNA database “cold hits,” considers the defense use of Bayesian analysis to unpack and ... More

## Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

*Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch*

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- September 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198830870
- eISBN:
- 9780191868986
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198830870.001.0001
- Subject:
- Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Quantitative traits—be they morphological or physiological characters, aspects of behavior, or genome-level features such as the amount of RNA or protein expression for a specific gene—usually show ... More