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External Bayesian Analysis for Computer Simulators *

Michael Goldstein

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Computer simulators offer a powerful approach for studying complex physical systems. We consider their use in current practice and the role of external uncertainty in bridging the gap between the ... More


Principles of Probability

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the rules of probability as well as probability distributions. Because models are inherently, deliberately approximate, there comes a need to understand the approximation ... More


Momentum density studies by the Maximum Entropy Method

L. Dobrzyński

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM). It begins with a general introduction to MEM, then develops the application to the reconstruction of the three-dimensional electron density ... More


Bayesian Meta-analysis

Christopher H. Schmid and Kerrie Mengersen

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces a Bayesian approach to meta-analysis. It discusses the ways in which a Bayesian approach differs from the method of moments and maximum likelihood methods described in ... More


Bayesian dynamic modelling

West Mike

in Bayesian Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter focuses on some key models and ideas in Bayesian time series and forecasting, along with extracts from a few time series analysis and forecasting examples. It discusses specific ... More


Extensions

Francis X. Diebold and Glenn D. Rudebusch

in Yield Curve Modeling and Forecasting: The Dynamic Nelson-Siegel Approach

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146805
eISBN:
9781400845415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146805.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter highlights aspects of the vibrant ongoing research program associated with the ideas developed in earlier chapters. It begins with a collage-style sketch of work involving Bayesian ... More


Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models

Edward P. Herbst and Frank Schorfheide

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161082
eISBN:
9781400873739
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161082.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models have become one of the workhorses of modern macroeconomics and are extensively used for academic research as well as forecasting and policy ... More


Empirical Models

Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo

in A Model Discipline: Political Science and the Logic of Representations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382198
eISBN:
9780199932399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382198.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Empirical models are the subject of this chapter. We begin by defining what an empirical model is and its relationship to the data. We discuss how to understand an empirical model under the ... More


Uncertainty in Foreign Policy Making: Changing Relations among South Korea, North Korea, and the United States of America in the Twenty-First Century

HeeMin Kim

in Korean Democracy in Transition: A Rational Blueprint for Developing Societies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129945
eISBN:
9780813135748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129945.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the changing political situation on the Korean peninsula. It establishes that the situation is amenable to Bayesian game analysis and presents an analysis of Bayesian games ... More


Bayes, Hume, Price, and Miracles

John Earman

in Bayes's Theorem

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the Bayesian analysis of miracles. It is set in the context of the eighteenth-century debate on miracles. The discussion is focused on the probable response of Thomas Bayes to ... More


Bayesian Theory and Applications

Paul Damien, Petros Dellaportas, Nicholas G. Polson, and David A. Stephens (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The development of hierarchical models and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques forms one of the most profound advances in Bayesian analysis since the 1970s and provides the basis for advances ... More


Bayesian estimation of parameters

J. Durbin and S.J. Koopman

in Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods: Second Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199641178
eISBN:
9780191774881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641178.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the use of importance sampling for the estimation of parameters in Bayesian analysis for models of Part I and Part II. It first develops the analysis of the linear Gaussian ... More


Inverse problems

Fox Colin, Haario Heikki, and Christen J Andrés

in Bayesian Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0031
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the features that are characteristic for the problems most typically treated under the umbrella of inverse problems. It begins by listing representative examples of inverse ... More


The Use of Proximal Information Scent to Forage for Distal Content on the World Wide Web

Peter Pirolli

in Adaptive Perspectives on Human–Technology Interaction: Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195374827
eISBN:
9780199847693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374827.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes information foraging research on use of the World Wide Web (the Web). The particular focus is placed on a psychological theory of information scent that is embedded in a ... More


Morphological analogy: Only a beginning

John Goldsmith

in Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547548
eISBN:
9780191720628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547548.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

A range of approaches to word structure assume segmentation of words into morphs. This chapter proposes explicit algorithm that takes natural language text as its input, and produces the ... More


Rational analysis as a link between human memory and information retrieval

Mark Steyvers and Thomas L. Griffiths

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a complementary Bayesian analysis of the problem of memory retrieval. A Bayesian model that is able both to classify words into semantically coherent groups, merely from ... More


Oil Shocks in a DSGE Model for the Korean Economy

Sungbae An and Kang Heedon

in Commodity Prices and Markets

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386898
eISBN:
9780226386904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226386904.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes the oil shocks using a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model for the Korean economy. The Korean economy depends entirely on imports for its acquisition of crude ... More


Bayesians, Frequentists, and the Dna Database Search Controversy

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which discusses the controversy among statisticians in the United States over the analysis of DNA database “cold hits,” considers the defense use of Bayesian analysis to unpack and ... More


Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Quantitative traits—be they morphological or physiological characters, aspects of behavior, or genome-level features such as the amount of RNA or protein expression for a specific gene—usually show ... More


How to Do Things with Austin: The Lottery and the Preface

Mark Kaplan

in Austin's Way with Skepticism: An Essay on Philosophical Method

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198824855
eISBN:
9780191863530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824855.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

Argues that, far from presenting an insurmountable obstacle to the project of constructive epistemology, the deployment of Austin’s requirement of fidelity enables us to find new solutions to ... More


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