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Altruism

Stephen Stich, John M. Doris, and Erica Roedder

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychological egoists maintain that all human action is ultimately self-interested; psychological altruists agree that much action is ultimately self-interested, but they insist that sometimes people ... More


Sparks of Benevolence: The Varied Emotional Responses to Suffering in Others

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores in detail the nature of the affective response to suffering in others. Humans exhibit importantly different kinds of response, each of which apparently emerges fairly early in ... More


Background and Historical Perspective

R. Michael Brown, Louis A. Penner, and Stephanie L. Brown

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides readers with background information for the volume, Moving Beyond Self-Interest (S. Brown, R. Brown, & Penner, 2011), which describes new developments in theory and research on ... More


“Brother, that Ain’t Imaginary!”: Billy Batson and World War II

Brian Cremins

in Captain Marvel and the Art of Nostalgia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781496808769
eISBN:
9781496808806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496808769.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

Billy Batson and his alter ego Captain Marvel reached the height of their popularity during World War II. This chapter studies several of Billy’s wartime adventures, stories that artist C. C Beck ... More


Elevation, Activated Moral Norms, and Helping

Christian Miller

in Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces two more enhancers, and follows a similar course as the previous two chapters. The one significant twist, though, is the kind of motivation to which these enhancers seem to ... More


Empathy and Helping

Christian Miller

in Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Feeling empathy for someone in distress is also known to dramatically increase helping. And there is good reason to believe that the motivation to help which arises from empathizing with another is ... More


Performing Discretion or Performing Discrimination? Race, Ritual, and the Denial of Participatory Rights in Capital Jury Selection

Melynda J. Price

in At the Cross: Race, Religion, and Citizenship in the Politics of the Death Penalty

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190205539
eISBN:
9780190254032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205539.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Batson hearings represent one of the few places where a representative of the state is required to stop in the act of doing their job and explain how they have done that job in a race-neutral manner. ... More


Psychology of Altruism

Sophia Moskalenko and Clark McCauley

in The Marvel of Martyrdom: The Power of Self-Sacrifice in a Selfish World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190689322
eISBN:
9780190939526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190689322.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Why would anyone do something unselfish? Evolutionary theories––Inclusive Fitness and Reciprocal Altruism––offer limited help in answering this question. Social psychology supplies two competing ... More


Jury Selection in the Post-Batson Era

Barbara O’Brien and Catherine M. Grosso

in Criminal Juries in the 21st Century: Psychological Science and the Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190658113
eISBN:
9780190658144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190658113.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

In Batson v. Kentucky (1986), the US Supreme Court sought to eradicate racial discrimination in jury selection by prohibiting the exercise of peremptory strikes based on race. This chapter reviews ... More


Bet You Didn’t Know I Did a Dissonance Study

Dan Batson

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0041
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Dan Batson reflects on his most underappreciated work: a paper entitled “Rational processing or rationalization? The effect of disconfirming information on a stated religious belief.” Published in ... More


The Mixed Trait Model of Character Traits and the Moral Domains of Resource Distribution and Theft

Christian B. Miller

in Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190204600
eISBN:
9780190204624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204600.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Chapter 7 expands on the Mixed Trait Model for understanding moral character traits. On this model, most people have neither any moral virtues nor any moral vices but, rather, traits of character ... More


Race-Based Jury Nullification: Black Power in the Criminal Justice System

Paul Butler

in Criminal Law Conversations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199861279
eISBN:
9780190260071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199861279.003.0026
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents an authoritative case for race-based jury nullification, with particular emphasis on the need for black power in the American criminal justice system. It argues that, for ... More


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