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Structure and Function of Brain Systems for Conscious and Nonconscious Representation

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Given the limitations of current models, this chapter takes us back to the structure and functioning of brain regions themselves, focussing first on on systems considered important for understanding ... More


Brain Overview

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

In broad outline the brain’s subsystems can be understood in terms of specific functionality. This chapter introduces these subsystems and provides and overview of how they work together to provide ... More


There Is Room for Conditioning in the Creative Process: Associative Learning and the Control of Behavioral Variability

W. David Stahlman, Kenneth J. Leising, Dennis Garlick, and Aaron P. Blaisdell

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Variation in behaviour is an essential ingredient and necessary precondition for creativity. This chapter explores the role of associative learning processes in the generation of behavioural ... More


Attention, Temporality, and Music that Repeats Itself

Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

in On Repeat: How Music Plays the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199990825
eISBN:
9780199357871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199990825.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter engages with empirical work to develop a theory about the musicality of repetition. Why does repetition musicalize? What is it about the engagement engendered by repetition that makes it ... More


Programs via Reinforcement

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The learning of cognitive programs faces many technical difficulties, but the most important is the valuation of programs that have delayed rewards. The algorithms of Reinforcement Learning that the ... More


How Limited Systematicity Emerges: A Computational Cognitive Neuroscience Approach

Randall C. O'Reilly, Alex A. Petrov, Jonathan D. Cohen, Christian J. Lebiere, Seth A. Herd, and Trent Kriete

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Is human cognition best characterized in terms of the systematic nature of classical symbol processing systems (as argued by Fodor & Pylyshyn, 1988), or in terms of the context-sensitive, embedded ... More


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Vladan Starcevic, MD, PhD

in Anxiety Disorders in Adults: A Clinical Guide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195369250
eISBN:
9780197562642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195369250.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

As its name implies, the main characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are obsessions and/or compulsions. Different types of obsessions and compulsions make OCD a heterogeneous ... More


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